Dionaea Muscipula profile

Written by Maggie

Nov 23 2020

Dionaea Muscipula profile

Dionaea Muscipula's leaves are the most prominent and prominent part of the body, and have the function of feeding on insects. With its distinctive bristles and red sessile glands, it looks like a mouth with teeth and claws, and is reputed as a carnivorous plant in nature. Potted plants can be used for sunny windowsill and balcony viewing, but also can be specially planted through culture.

Dionaea Muscipula picture

Dionaea Muscipula

Morphological characteristics of Dionaea Muscipula

Dionaea Muscipula is a perennial herb, shell-like, corpuscular, 5 -- 38 cm tall, erect or prostrate, stems covered with short glandular hairs. Leaves are alternate, pale green or red, linear, flattened, upper leaves straight, lower leaves bent to strut. Petiole and leaf blade are often not easily distinguished, sometimes narrower than leaf blade, glandular glabrous or glabrous, glabrous parts 0.8-2 cm long. Leaf is blade covered with long white or red glandular hairs;Inflorescence subopposite or axillary, 6-30 cm long, with 5-20 flowers, covered with short glandular hairs. Bracts are 1.5-7 mm, linear, covered with short glandular hairs. Flower stalks 6-10 mm long, covered with short glandular hairs. Calyx 5-lobed to near base, lobes lanceolate or oblong, ca. 4 mm long, glandular hairy, entire or glandular dentate. Petals 5, veined, obovate or oblanceolate, ca. 6 mm long, white, reddish to purplish red;Stamens 5, ca. 5 mm, filaments flat, anthers longitudinally lobed. Ovary is cylindrical, obovate or subglobose, placenta 3;Style 3, each 2-lobed to near base, apically often curved inwards.Capsule obovoid, 4-6 mm long. Seeds are numerous, fine, black, seed coat veins thickened into honeycomb lattices. Flowers and fruits last all year round.

Dionaea Muscipula's growth habits

Dionaea Muscipula goes into dormancy during the winter months when the temperature reaches below 10°C.However, winters in tropical and subtropical areas (Taiwan) are usually not cold and long enough for Dionaea Muscipula to be completely dormant. If Dionaea Muscipula does not hibernate for several years, it is likely to result in death.

Dionaea Muscipula prefers to grow in places where the medium is abundant and acidic. The soil is mostly peat and silica sand. Most of its water sources are rainwater, which falls to the earth through the fusion of the atmosphere and carbon dioxide, resulting in an acidic environment, with an acid-base value of about PH5-6.It is usually found in wet open fields or paddy fields below 600 meters above sea level.

Dionaea Muscipula

Dionaea Muscipula distribution area

Dionaea Muscipula is found only in the southeastern coastal plains of South Carolina and the northeast corner of North Carolina in the United States. In the native Carolinas, these areas usually take the form of grasslands with only scattered pine trees.

However, the existence of Dionaea Muscipula in the country of origin is threatened by human activities.The rapid increase in population deprived Dionaea Muscipula of his living space. And as a result of human intervention in the occurrence of natural wildfires, small shrubs have begun to grow in these areas, thus obscuring Dionaea Muscipula's sunlight. As a result, Dionaea Muscipula has been introduced to other areas for rehabilitation, such as New Jersey and California. In Florida, however, they were naturalized and became a large group.

Dionaea Muscipula breeding method

Dionaea Muscipula's common method of reproduction is leaf insertion, in which a stalk is inserted into the soil to grow a new plant. When Dionaea Muscipula is dug out from the soil, the white petal-like petiole is found buried in the soil. When Dionaea Muscipula's insect traps and petioles (like leaf parts) are peeled together with the white base of the petiole, these petioles are placed on the culture medium, high humidity is maintained and bright light is given. After a few weeks, new buds will appear. The process of new bud formation is very slow, so have patience to wait.

The main role of Dionaea Muscipula

Dionaea Muscipula has unique leaves that hunt mosquitoes and flies. Its ability to catch insects is the most remarkable among the more than 500 species of insect catching plants in the world. When insects such as mosquitoes and flies touch the bristles on the leaf flap, they will immediately cause the flap to close, and the spines on the edge of the leaf will cross each other like mouse traps to prevent the mosquitoes and flies from escaping.Then the digestive juices secreted by the glands on the surface of the leaves will digest mosquitoes and flies into their own nutrients and absorb them. After 10-30 days, the leaves will slowly open. If you touch the bristles with your hand and cause the flap to close, the flap will slowly unfold again because there is no nutritious food. Dionaea Muscipula is a small but interesting plant, which can be seen in a small pot room. It can be free of mosquitoes and flies in the room, and can also be used for photosynthesis to produce nutrients for normal growth.

Dionaea Muscipula

Dionaea "Wacky Traps" are varieties that develop after severe variation.The section of the petiole of Dionaea "Wacky Traps" is round and irregular, growing almost all the year round on the ground.

The Dionaea "Dentate plant is robust, the biggest difference being that its teeth are triangular and have a slender form different from the typical Dionaea Muscipula.

Dionaea "B52" is not much different from the typical Dionaea Muscipula in appearance, but its growth rate is obviously more vigorous than other Dionaea Muscipula, and its leaves are also very thick. The maximum length of the traps can reach 5.7 cm, making it the largest variety of the traps at present.