Hedera Canariensis (Algerian Ivy) Profile

Written by Iris

Dec 06 2021

Hedera Canariensis (Algerian Ivy) Profile
Hedera Canariensis (Algerian Ivy), this fast-growing evergreen has thick, glossy, dark green, lobed leaves and a red stem. The new growth leaf is light green. Hedera Canariensis rarely blooms, but if it does, their color is greenish-white. Hedera Canariensis can quickly occupy an area, making this plant an attractive ground cover. It prefers improved, well-drained soil, but will grow in most soil conditions. Algerian ivy is also used in coastal areas because it is very salt tolerant. The 'Variegata' has green split leaves surrounded by white and is more hardy than the green variety.

Hedera Canariensis Picture

 Algerian Ivy

Hedera Canariensis Info

Botanical Name Hedera algeriensis
Common Name Algerian ivy, Canary Island ivy, Madeira ivy
Plant Type Evergreen vine
Mature Size 20-40 ft. long vine, 3-ft. spread
Sun Exposure Partial shade to partial sun
Soil Type Neutral, well-draining
Soil pH Neutral, slightly acidic
Bloom Time Spring

Hedera Canariensis Ecological Habits

Hedera Canariensis's glossy lobed leaves remain dark green in color throughout the year. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. This is a multi-stemmed evergreen houseplant with a spreading, ground-hugging habit of growth. This plant can be pruned at any time to keep it looking its best.

Hedera Canariensis Distribution

Hedera canariensis (Algerian ivy) is a perennial woody vine (family Araliaceae). It is found throughout California along the coast, and is less widespread than its close relative English ivy. algerian ivy grows vigorously in forests where nothing else seems able to compete and inhibits regeneration of understory plants, including forest wildflowers and new trees and shrubs.
Algerian Ivy

How to Grow and Care for Hedera Canariensis

How to Grow Hedera Canariensis 

  • With Seeds
While the easiest method of propagation is to use cuttings, Hedera Canariensis, like most varieties of ivy, can be grown from seed. Keep the seeds in the refrigerator for 30 to 60 days. This process, called cold stratification, prepares the seeds for germination. Then soak the seeds overnight in a bowl of room-temperature water; this will accelerate the germination process. You can then plant the seeds in a tray filled with potting mix; press them lightly into the surface. Keep moist with a sprayer but don't soak them. They should germinate within a few days.
  • With Cuttings
Use a clean seed-starting tray or 4-inch containers to root your hedera canariensis cuttings. Fill each container with a soilless potting mix, perlite or coarse sand, and moisten with water.
Using a clean pruning tool to snip 6-inch sections of new growth from the Hedera Canariensis plant, being sure to include at least three to four nodes, where the roots will develop. Trim off the leaves from the bottom half of the cuttings.
Use a pencil to make indentations in the moistened potting mix and place an Hedera Canariensis cutting in each hole, planting it deeply enough to cover about three nodes. Gently firm the soil around the cuttings and water again. Place a plastic bag over the containers to create humidity while the cuttings develop roots and situate the cuttings in a warm location out of the sun.
Water the soil when it begins to dry. If thick condensation starts developing on the plastic, lift it up and allow air to circulate for a bit before replacing it. The cuttings should root in about three weeks and be ready for repotting in approximately six weeks.
When the Hedera Canariensis cuttings have established root systems and you’ve repotted them in new containers, gradually acclimate them to brighter light conditions, depending on the variety and their preferences. After approximately two to three months, you can transplant your Hedera Canariensis plants into the garden, and they'll develop into bushy plants in about six months. In no time, your Hedera Canariensis cuttings will be mature plants filling in empty areas of the garden or containers with their vigorous growth.
Algerian Ivy

How to Care for Hedera Canariensis

  • Light
Hedera Canariensis is remarkably tolerant to a wide range of light conditions. But in the home a south or west window can be quite drying especially in summer.
  • Soil
Hedera Canariensis can be grown in almost any soil with decent drainage, but it does best in moderately moist soil.
  • Water
Water Hedera Canariensis thoroughly but infrequently. When the soil feels dry, gently add water to the soil until the surface is totally wet and the water drains out of the bottom of the pot.
  • Temperature and Humidity
Cooler temperatures ranging from 10-21degree Celsius is preferable for Hedera Canariensis. However, make sure that the temperature remains consistent.
The Hedera Canariensis plants prefer medium to high levels of humidity to thrive. Don’t keep the plants anywhere near heat vents because the heat can dry up the soil. Moist air and soil are quite necessary for the plant.
  • Fertilizer
Feed Hedera Canariensis every two weeks in the spring and summer with a balanced plant food diluted to 1/2 the recommended strength.
  • Pruning
Since we're talking about a vine that grows faster than anything you probably have planted in your garden so far, that brings up the topic of pruning.
Algerian Ivy

Uses of Hedera Canariensis

Landscape Use: All are wonderful evergreens for shady locations. They are most useful on north- and east-facing banks, under trees where grass will not grow or as an underplanting between shrubs. The plant roots hold the soil, discouraging erosion and slippage on slopes. Roots grow deep and fill soil densely. Ivy climbs almost any vertical surface with aerial rootlets (small roots along the stem). Many small- and miniature-leafed forms of Hedera Canariensis are useful for small-area ground covers, hanging baskets, and training to form intricate patterns on walls and in pots. Some are grown as houseplants, but if planted in protected sites, most are hardy.

Varieties of Hedera Canariensis

Algerian Ivy‘Canary Cream’: This variety has green leaves with creamy white margins.
Algerian Ivy‘Gloire de Marengo’ aka 'Variegata': This has large leaves, up to 6-inches long, and great color contrast with deep green leaves edged in white and silvery green patches occurring inside the margins. It is slightly frost-sensitive.
Algerian Ivy

Hedera Canariensis Common Pests/Diseases

Hedera Canariensis is surely an equal opportunist when it comes to the pests and diseases it attracts, and it attracts them all: aphids, loopers, mealybugs, scale, mites, canker, leaf spots, powdery mildew, and stem rot. That's a whole lot of trouble, but don't let it worry you too much as these are easy problems to get rid of.
Pest control is quickly remedied with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Leaf spots are bacterial and can be treated by trimming away diseased foliage and spraying what's left with copper soap. Powdery mildew and stem rot come from fungi and can be remedied with antifungal treatments such as sulfur spray. If this doesn't work, you may need to repot ivy in pots, with sterile soil, and be sure you don't overwater.

Hedera Canariensis Companion Plants

 Companion plants you can pair with Hedera Canariensis includes Periwinkle, Ajuga, Liriope, varieties of Ivy such as Hedera hibernica, Persian Ivy, Hedera nepalensis, and Hedera canariensis.