How to Propagate String of Bananas with Easy Steps

Written by Ivy

Jan 12 2023

How to Propagate String of Bananas with Easy Steps

Stem cuttings make it simple to propagate a string of bananas in both soil and water. The first step is to apply rooting hormones to healthy leaves. Put the cutting in either soil or water to help it take root. For the first three to four weeks, make sure the new plant receives plenty of sunlight.

Why Should You Propagate Your String of Bananas?

There are two primary reasons to propagate your String of Bananas or String Of Dolphins:

The primary and most frequent justification is to save a dying plant. This might be your only choice if the root rot or severe root damage brought on by frost or cold is affecting your bananas.

Propagating bananas is a fantastic way to start over and grow new succulents when all other rescue measures have failed.


Furthermore, spreading the banana string is typically simple and hassle-free. This is due to the plant's hardiness, tolerance of conditions that are close to drought, and the difficulty in which its leaves detach. Additionally, their cuttings germinate quickly.

A banana string can easily be multiplied. Take healthy stem cuttings from the mother plant, however, and you'll have everything you need to begin a new plant in your hands.

Banana plants are stunning to see in their natural environments, with their glossy green foliage and white or light pink flowers.

By reproducing these lovely plants, you won't have to worry about putting an extra strain on your gardening routine.

What You'll Need

Fortunately, it doesn't take a lot of resources to propagate a string of bananas. But, for the most part, most gardeners will need the following tools for the job:

  • A pair of sharp, disinfected pruning shears, snips, or scissors (a sharp, sterile knife may also suffice)
  • a pot or container with a diameter of four to six inches. Use a terracotta pot or flat with drainage holes in the bottom, as I firmly advise.
  • You can purchase a ready-made batch of potting soil for succulents or cacti (check the most recent price on Amazon here).
  • Powdered or liquid rooting hormone (optional, but I strongly recommend it, especially if you're propagating in soil)
  • If you want to reproduce in water or if your tap water has too much chlorine or fluoride, you must use bottled, filtered, or distilled water.
  • Wrap your new plant in burlap or cheesecloth to keep the weather, pests, and other things out.

How to Propagate String of Bananas Using Stem Cuttings


First Method – Stick Cuttings in Soil

Step 1: Plant the cuttings in the ground. Remove at least two inches or more from the plant's base. Take the cuttings, then plant the ends in the ground. You can take a few of the pearls or beads off the stem to make them stickier and longer in the ground.

To hasten the rooting process, stick the remaining portion of the stem into the ground.

Step 2: Use a potting mix with good drainage. Cactus mix and perlite (1:1) are a combination I like to use. For additional drainage, coarse sand can be added to this mixture (1:1:1).

Step 3: Watch for new growth to form and the plant to take root. After about two weeks, you will see roots beginning to emerge. You might notice new growth emerging from the plant's top in another two weeks or so.

Step 4: Avoid direct sunlight while propagating and allowing the cuttings to root in order to avoid sunburn.

Step 5: Whenever the soil feels dry or every few days, mist the area. When the plants are firmly rooted and established, stop misting and switch to routine watering. Depending on the local humidity, you can cut back on watering to once a week or less.

Second Method – Lay on Soil

Step 1: Lay the cuttings flat on the ground, allowing the stem to make contact with the ground. Anywhere the plant touches the soil, it will produce roots. By doing this, you can get a fuller top at first and eventually get the plants to trail. Use a potting mixture that drains well.

I like to use a 1:1 solution of perlite and cactus soil. To add drainage, you can also add coarse sand to the mixture (1:1:1).

Step 2: If the stem already has roots growing on it, try to position the stem so that the roots are penetrating the ground. The stems might need to be held in place using an object. To use paper clips, I like to cut them in half. I use them to secure the stems so that the roots will also remain in place.

Step 3: Whenever the soil feels dry or every few days, mist the area. Stop misting the plant and start watering it once it is firmly rooted and more mature. Depending on the local humidity, you can cut back on watering to once a week or less.

Step 4: In about two weeks, fresh roots will appear. It will take less time for the plant to become established in the new potting soil if you use stem cuttings that have roots already growing.

Step 5: Avoid direct sunlight to avoid getting sunburned.

In this manner, place the stem cuttings flat on the ground. Insert the roots that are already there as deeply as possible.

Actually, if you have a larger or wider pot, you can use both of the aforementioned methods of propagation simultaneously. In this manner, a full top and a trailing plant both emerge at the same time.

Here is a enjoyable project that I recently completed using both techniques. I laid some stem cuttings on the ground because I wanted a full top. I buried some of the stems because I also wanted some of the strands to trail. I can achieve a fuller-looking finish with trailing stems in this manner.

Third Method – Water Propagation

Step 1: Cuttings can also be propagated by submerging the very tip in water. What kind of water is used does not seem to matter all that much. I like to drink distilled water.

Step 2: Within two to three weeks, new roots will begin to appear in the water.

Step 3: You can transplant to a potting mix with good drainage after about 4 weeks or when you notice a lot of new roots. I suggest using a roughly 1:1 mixture of perlite and cactus mix.

Step 4: Occasionally, or whenever the soil feels dry, mist it. Once the plant has grown more established, stop misting it and start watering it regularly. Reduce the amount of watering to once a week or less in humid areas. Once new growth begins to emerge from the plant's top, you will know if it has become established.

Step 5: To avoid getting sunburned, avoid being in the direct sun.

The only method of propagation I haven't really tried is through the tiny round leaves or banana-shaped leaves. These plants have been propagated by some people, according to what I've heard. There is no doubt that the entire process will take a lot longer than stem cutting propagation.

If you want to spread these plants through leaves, you'll need to be ready to wait a lot longer. The amount of time and perseverance required will undoubtedly increase, but anything is possible.

Every time I find one of the tiny round leaves missing, I replace it in the pot. I'm not really sure if they support or oppose. I rarely have to put the small banana leaves back in the pot because they are less fragile and do not fall off as frequently or easily.

The three simplest ways to multiply String of Pearls and String of Bananas plants are as follows. Recently, I've been in a propagation rage. A lot of the long trailing stems on my String of Bananas plant are begging to be propagated because it has been growing so quickly. I have therefore been taking cuttings and growing them in various pots and containers.

In this hanging basket, I've planted both String of Pearls and String of Bananas as part of my most recent propagation project. As you can see, I applied the second strategy, which involves spreading the stems out on the ground. Although they may not look all that good right now, this hanging basket will soon be covered in them.

When Should You Propagate Your String of Bananas?

When addressing this query, there are a few variables to take into account. The guiding light in this situation is the reason you want to propagate your plant.

For instance, if you need to propagate right away to save a string of bananas from root rot, you must do so. It's impossible to wait until spring if it's fall.

However, you should make plans in advance if you want to grow your collection of succulents. The best time to spread your banana string is when it is flourishing and expanding quickly.

When your succulent is active in the spring and summer, this is almost always the case.

Keep in mind that it will take the new cuttings 3–4 weeks to take root. As a result, you must propagate in the summer to improve rooting prospects and lessen the risk of root rot.

Actually, I deliberately propagate all of my succulents—including a string of bananas—right before the growing season starts. This typically occurs in the early summer or spring in our region.

The parent plant won't experience shock or stress from taking multiple stem cuttings, which is another benefit of picking at this time.

What's more, rooting cuttings need a lot of bright, indirect light to grow roots and thrive.

Problems You May Encounter While Propagating Your String of Bananas


Root Rot

If it is propagated correctly, a string of bananas should be relatively trouble-free. Overwatering, though, can be a major issue for it.

Early signs of root rot include drooping leaves, yellowing foliage, and a strong odor coming from the soil.

Succulents that are grown in soil frequently experience this problem. In those grown in water, it is rare though.

Poor drainage, especially the absence of drainage holes in the pot's bottom, is another thing to watch out for. Start over with a terracotta pot that has lots of drainage holes if this is the case.

Another potential culprit is potting medium that doesn't drain well. Use a sterile batch of cactus or succulent mix instead.

In general, you should hold off on adding more water until the soil feels just a little bit dry. Indeed, overwatering is a major contributor to root rot.

Additionally, you must wait approximately two days for the callus to fully heal before putting your stem cuttings in the ground. If you plant them too early, a fungal infection is likely to spread.

Sun Scorching

When indoors, keep the string of bananas that was recently propagated in a light area. The leaves and roots of plants can become harmed by too much direct sunlight.

If the potting medium dries out too quickly, the soil will harden and hinder the growth of the roots.

You'll have a healthy plant if you place it where it can receive indirect light. A location with some sunshine for the first two weeks ought to be ideal.

Put banana plants where they will get some sunlight if you are growing them outside.

Taking Too Long to Take Root

Within three to four weeks under ideal circumstances, stem cuttings should sprout. Anything out of the ordinary for longer than six weeks signals a problem.

Possible causes of the issue include cold temperatures, inadequate lighting, excessive watering, and root rot.

If none of the aforementioned options are available, you must use the rooting hormone. The rooting process will be facilitated and accelerated by this action.

Pest Infestation

Most banana plants grown outdoors are susceptible to pest infestation from aphids, mealybugs, caterpillars, mealybugs, and even spider mites.

To keep these pests at bay, it's best to cover the cuttings in cheesecloth, burlap, or net!

When growing indoors, fungus gnats can be a problem. These insects may eat roots that are below the soil's surface. Use a sterilized soil blend that has been cleared of fungus gnats and their eggs if you can.

Does Your String of Bananas Have to Be Healthy to Propagate Successfully?

The quick response is no. The most effective tool a gardener has against sick or damaged plants is propagation. All that is required is one or a few sound stem cuttings from the parent plant.

Only the cuttings used for root development need to be healthy enough; the mother plant does not need to be.

Due to root rot or other serious problems, time is always an issue when propagating a string of bananas. It is therefore best to take stem cuttings as soon as possible when the plant has not yet been completely destroyed.

Fortunately for you, it is advised that you take out a few of the stem's lower leaves before cutting.


How Long Does It Take to Propagate a String of Bananas?

It might take up to three weeks or more to see any growth because the string of bananas is a slow-growing plant.

Nevertheless, there's no need for you to worry. On the other hand, the Rooting hormone can help hasten the process of germination and ensure quicker spread.

If you can't find commercial rooting hormone, try coconut milk, cinnamon, yeast extract, or honey as natural substitutes.


When you propagate String of Bananas cuttings, you must make sure they receive everything they require in order to develop into strong, mature plants. It will be simple to maintain cuttings' growth now that you know what they require. Like caring for a mature plant, but more frequently, String of Bananas cutting maintenance is very similar.