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Viola biflora profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 18 2021

Viola biflora profile

Viola biflora, commonly known as alpine yellow-violet, arctic yellow violet, or twoflower violet, is a perennial herb. Its main function is to promote blood circulation and dissipate blood stasis. 

Viola biflora is a herb of the genus Trondaceae, 3-20 cm tall. Rhizome is slender, nodular. Stem is slender, often with 3 nodes.Leaves reniform, less suborbicular or broadly ovate, margin shallowly dentate or crenate, flowering in spring. viola biflora is found in meadows, shrubs, forest margins and rock crevices in alpine and subalpine areas at an altitude of 2500-4000m.

Viola biflora picture

Viola biflora

Morphological features of the Viola biflora

Viola biflora is a perennial herb of the genus Viola, with a height of 3-20 cm. Rhizome is slender, nodular. Stem is slender, often with 3 nodes. Leaves reniform, less suborbicular or broadly ovate, margin shallowly dentate or crenate. Pedicels are thin, petals pale yellow to yellow, oblong-obovate, with distinct brown veins, lateral petals hairless, lower petals with a spur ca. 1 cm, a short spur, slightly beyond the calyx base. Capsule of Viola biflora is oblong-ovate, 4-7 cm long, glabrous.

Viola biflora has 2-several Basal leaves, long stipitate; Leaf blade reniform, broadly ovate or suborbicular, base cordate, margin obtuse, 1 -- 4.5cm wide, 1 -- 3cm long; Cauline leaves are short petiolate, leaf blade smaller; Stipules are free from petiole, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, entire or sparsely serrulate. Flowers are yellow or pale yellow, sometimes pale white at the end of the flower; Pedicels are thin, distally with 2 lanceolate bracteoles; Viola biflora has 5 sepals, base appendage very short; Viola biflora has 5 petals, oblong-ovate; Spin is short tubular, 2-2.5mm long. Viola biflora capsule is oblong-ovate 

The ecological habits of the Viola biflora

Viola biflora likes cool environments, avoids high temperatures, and has strong cold resistance. 

Viola biflora is commonly found in meadows, shrubs, forest margins and rock crevices in alpine and subalpine areas at an altitude of 2500-4000m.

How to grow and care for Viola biflora

Sunshine: Full or half sunshine.

Temperature: The suitable temperature for growth is 12℃~22℃.

Soil: Viola biflora likes fertile, loose, moist sandy loam.

Moisture: Viola biflora likes moisture.

Viola biflora

How to propagate Viola biflora 

A common method of propagation for Viola biflora is seeding.

The distribution area of the Viola biflora

The Viola biflora is native to Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Shandong, Taiwan, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet.

Viola biflora is found in meadows, shrubs, forest margins and rock crevices in alpine and subalpine areas at an altitude of 2500-4000 meters. Korea, Japan, Soviet Union, Europe, Kashmir, Himalayas, northeast India, Malaysia, northwest North America are also found.

Viola biflora uses

Viola biflora promotes blood circulation and dissipates blood stasis. Viola biflora stops the bleeding, vomiting blood, acute pneumonia, pulmonary hemorrhage. 

Viola biflora