Daisy flower is a kind of perennial herbaceous plant in the genus Compositae. It is about 10 cm tall. Daisy's flower is native to Europe. The original species is regarded as a cluster of weeds, and the flowering period is in spring.
Daisies can branch and reproduce in cold regions where they can survive summer.
It blooms in early spring and is full of vitality. It has a gentleman's demeanor and an innocent demeanor. It is deeply loved by Italians and is therefore recommended as the national flower.
Daisy flower morphological characteristics
Daisy flowers are perennial or annual scape-like herbs, about 10 cm tall. The leaves of daisy flowers are basal, herbaceous, spoon-shaped, rounded and blunt at the top, gradually narrowing into a stalk at the base, and sparse or undulating teeth on the edge of the upper half. The flower head is solitary, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, and the scape is hairy. The involucre of the daisy flower is hemispherical or broadly bell-shaped; the involucre is nearly 2 layers, slightly unequal in length, oblong, obtuse at the top, and pilose on the outside. One layer of the tongue-shaped flower is female, white with pink tongue, or 2-3 teeth on the whole. There are most bisexual flowers in the center of the daisy, all fruiting, cylindrical, with long eaves, with 4-5 lobes.
Daisy flower efficacy and role
The medicinal value of daisy flower
Daisy flower and white chrysanthemum have high medicinal value. It contains volatile oil, amino acids and various trace elements. Among them, the content of brass is 32% to 61% higher than other chrysanthemums, and the content of tin is eight to fifty times higher than other chrysanthemums.
The ornamental value of daisy flowers
The leaves of the daisy flower are spoon-shaped clusters and rosettes, densely short, and green in color. The scapes of daisy flowers are drawn from the leaves, and the flowers are arranged staggered. The appearance is simple, the flowers are petite and exquisite, and the colors are harmonious. The scapes are drawn from the leaves, and the flowers are arranged staggeringly. The appearance is simple, the flowers are petite and exquisite, and the colors are harmonious. Flowering in early spring, full of vitality, with gentleman’s demeanor and innocent demeanor,
The gardening value of daisy flowers
1. The daisy flower has strong growth potential and is easy to cultivate.
2. The daisy peduncle is moderate in height, the flowers are neat, and the colors are bright and pure. It can be used as potted plants to beautify the courtyard balcony, and can also be used for garden viewing, potted plants, flower borders, cut flowers, etc.
3. The daisy has a long flowering period and strong cold tolerance. It is the first choice for ground cover flowers in early spring.
4. As a ground cover flower for street green spaces, daisy flowers have a strong charm and can be planted with marigolds, pansies, and red barberry.
Daisy flower growth habit and growing environment and distribution
Daisy flowers like cold weather. This kind of flower does not have strict requirements on the soil of the cultivation area. The suitable temperature for the germination of the daisy flower is 22-28℃, and the suitable temperature for growth is 20-25℃. The southwest region is suitable for planting medium and small-flowered single or semi-double varieties. Medium and large-flowered double-petaled varieties grow weakly and have poor seed setting.
Daisy flowers are native to Europe and are cultivated in gardens throughout China as flowerbed ornamental plants.
Daisy flower cultivation
Daisy flowers can be divided into plants, cuttings, grafting, sowing and other methods. The grafting method and the seeding method require high technical requirements and the reproduction process is relatively cumbersome. Without superb cutting, grafting skills, selection of improved varieties, and artificial pollination, it is difficult to reproduce successfully. These two propagation methods are only carried out in the nursery when a large number of seedlings are required. Family raising chrysanthemums generally use the ramification method and cutting method for propagation.
Seed reproduction of daisy flowers
Since the seeds of daisy flowers are relatively small, sowing methods are usually adopted. But sowing seedlings often cannot maintain the characteristics of the mother plant. Before sowing, apply the decomposed organic fertilizer as the base fertilizer, and turn it deeply and finely to make a flat border. Spread the seeds with fine sand, and cover with fine soil about 0.5 cm thick. After sowing, cover with shading nets and irrigate them. Keep the temperature around 28°C after sowing, and cover with plastic film in early spring when it is cold and rainy to maintain soil moisture and temperature. Watering should be fine sprayed to prevent compaction of the soil surface. After about 10 days, the daisy flower seedlings are unearthed, remove the shading net or plastic film, and transplant them to the field when the daisy flower seedlings have 2-3 pieces.
Ramet propagation of daisy flowers
Due to the large variation of seedlings, the ramet method can be used to propagate some fine varieties, but the growth potential is not as good as the seedlings, and the fruit is poor. In mid-to-late March, the old daisy flowers can be dug out to expose the root neck, and the side buds of the existing roots can be cut off together with the old roots and transplanted into the field. Ramming propagation is more suitable when new shoots are germinated.
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