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Tiger flower (Tigridia pavonia) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 18 2021

Tiger flower (Tigridia pavonia) profile

Tiger flowers (Tigridia pavonia), also called jockey's cap lily, Mexican shellflower peacock flower, tiger iris, are bulbous flowers, 40 to 60 cm high. Blade is sword-shaped. Pedicels drawn from leaves, triangular abaxially, 6 petals, 3 large red, yellow, orange, pink, or white outer rings, 3 smaller inner rings with magenta, purple, or russet spots. 

The Corm of Tiger flowers is ovoid, ca. 4 cm in diam., brown. Leaves are sword-shaped or broadly banding. Most of them are light purple, red, pink, yellow, white and other colors. In cold areas, the bulb should be dug out in autumn and put in a dry place indoors for the winter.

Tiger flowers picture

Tiger flowers

Tiger flowers info

Botanical Name Tigridia Pavonia
Common Names jockey's cap lily, Mexican shellflower peacock flower, tiger iris, Tiger flowers
Plant Type Bulb, corm
Sun Full sun to part shade
Hardiness Zones 8 - 10, USA
Flower color Pink, red, yellow, white
Native Area Mexico
Mature size Up to 24 in. tall

Morphological characteristics of tiger flowers

Tiger flowers are bulbous flowers, 40 to 60 cm high. Blade is sword-shaped. Pedicels are drawn from leaves, triangular abaxially, 6 petals, 3 large red, yellow, orange, pink, or white outer rings, 3 smaller inner rings with magenta, purple, or russet spots. 

Tiger flowers are perennial herbs. Corm is ovoid, ca. 4 cm in diam., brown. Leaves are sword-shaped or broadly banate, 50-70 cm long, 1.5-1.7 cm wide, basally sheathlike, apically acuminate, slightly ruffled, with 4-6 main veins. Flower stems are erect, 70-120 cm tall, distally branched, peanut at apex of branching; Flowers are with 3-7 bracts, grassy, green, 7-12 cm long and 1.8 cm wide; Flowers are yellow, orange-red, or purple, with dark purple spots, 7 -- 12 cm in diameter; Pedicels of Tiger flowers are green, 6-9 cm long, perianth tubes semicircular, cup-shaped, outer perianth lobes elliptic or obovate, ca. 7 cm long and 3.5 -- 4 cm wide, apex spreading outward, inner perianth lobes obovate, smaller and narrower than outer perianth lobes, ca. 4 cm long and 1.5 cm wide; Stamens filaments connate with styles, ca. 6 cm long; Style is 3.8 -- 4 cm long, filiform, apically 6-lobed, ovary long cylindrical. Capsule is triangulated cylindrical, thick at the top and thin at the bottom, 6-7 cm long, about 1 cm in diameter, with permanent traces at the top.

The ecological habits of tiger flower

Tiger flowers like warm, humid climates, ask for plenty of sunshine. Tiger flowers are suitable for growing on slightly acidic rich sandy loam soil.  

The region of tiger flowers

Tiger flowers are native to Guatemala and Mexico, widely cultivated throughout the world for ornamental. Varieties are very large, color changes are very big, mostly light purple, red, pink, yellow, white and other colors. In cold areas, the bulb should be dug out in autumn and put in a dry place indoors for the winter.

How to grow and care for tiger flowers

Light

Tiger flowers are solar lovers, and you must function them so they get lots of it. Although they can tolerate some coloration in warm regions, they can also now not bloom as prolifically.

Soil

The perfect soil kind for your tiger plant life will be a specially well-drained one. A sandy or loamy range is perfect. Tiger flowers do not do properly in standing water.

Water

While tiger plant life is established, you will favor preserving the soil constantly moist. Once mature, they shall nonetheless recognize ordinary watering, however they're tremendously drought-tolerant plant life and can cope with drier conditions.

Temperature and humidity

If you prefer to experience your tiger flora for many seasons to come, Tiger flowers are fine grown in hotter regions. They do not cope with freezing temperatures and can cope with extreme heat.

If you're awaiting frosts, they're higher grown in containers. This capacity you can go to a warmer, sheltered place over the winter.

Fertilizer

A diluted liquid fertilizer can be utilized on the run-up to your tiger plant life bloom time to motivate a resplendent display.

How to grow tiger flowers from seed

Tiger plant life is grown from the fleshy underground stems of the plant, which are referred to as corms, as an alternative than from seeds. They typically flower in their 2nd yr after planting.

When planting these out, make certain you dig them at least a few inches deep and hold them round 5 inches apart.

Because the corms do not cope with bloodless conditions, plant them out in late spring, and preserve the soil moist till they're well-established.

tiger flowers

Toxicity of tiger flowers

The corms from the tiger flower are safe to eat when cooked. Although no longer toxic, they can be an irritant in the mouth if fed on raw, regularly inflicting a burning sensation. So take care if you have a grasping canine that likes to dig up backyard bulbs.

The way tiger flowers propagate

Tiger flowers can be propagated by dividing the bulb or sowing the seeds. Tiger flowers are mainly propagated by dividing the bulb and are carried out in the dormant period of autumn. Planted in late spring, covered with soil of 5 to 8 cm, excavated bulbs for storage when leaves are withered and yellow before frost. Planting greenhouse potted flowers in cold and hot areas in autumn. Cultivation should be applied to sufficient base fertilizer, growing period of alum fertilizer water 1 to 2 times a month.

Uses of tiger flower

Arrange flower bed, flower mirror or plant in lawn, green space, and Tiger flowers also can be potted ornamental.

tiger flowers