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Society garlic (Tulbaghia violacea) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 18 2021

Society garlic (Tulbaghia violacea) profile

Society Garlic, scientific name Tulbaghia violacea, is a perennial herbaceous plant of Lycoris family, bulbous flowers, plant height 30~50 cm, with cylindrical small bulbous, fascicular into the plant.

Society Garlic appearance in addition to the color and Chinese leek is different, (Chinese leek is a generally white flower, the Flower is purple), the rest of the characteristics are similar to Chinese leek, and the whole plant has a strong leek flavor, and Chinese leek and general consumption, fried, salad, do soup can be, so also named leek, Chinese leek. Terminal cymes with purple-pink florets.

Society Garlic is green, beautiful flowers, fleshy petals, long flowering period, is a rare summer flower; Society Garlic is suitable for flower scenery, or as a ground plant in the forest margin or lawn, also good for cut flowers.

Society garlic picture

Society Garlic

The morphological characteristics of society garlic

Society garlic is a bulbous flower, plant height 30~50 cm, with cylindrical small bulbous, fascicular into the plant.

Society Garlic appearance in addition to color and Chinese leek is different, (Chinese leek is generally white flower, the flower is purple), the rest of the characteristics are similar to the Chinese leek, and the whole plant has a strong taste of leek, and Chinese leek and general consumption, fried, salad, do soup can be, so also known as leek, Chinese leek. Terminal cymes with purple-pink florets.

Society garlic is thick, spherical, up to 2 cm in diameter, with white membranous leaf sheaths. Leaves are mostly semicylindric, slightly hollow in the center, ca. 30 cm long, 5 mm wide, leaf sheaths 5-20 cm long.

Society garlic stem is erect, 30 -- 60 cm tall, umbels globose, with many flowers, 2 -- 5 cm in diameter, perianth pink, perianth ovate-oblong, 4 -- 5 mm long, base slightly combined, apex obtuse or acute, ridge purplish red; Stamens are longer than the perianth, born at the base of the perianth, filaments lower flat and broad, slightly connected at the base; Style is exserted; Stigma is small, not fusiform. Bulbous flowers, plant height 30 ~ 50 cm, with cylindrical bulbous, into a plant fascicular.

The stem and leaves all contain leek flavor. Terminal cymes with purple-pink florets. The fruit is a triangular capsule containing flat hard black seeds.

The ecological habits of society garlic

Society Garlic likes light, cultivation places full sunshine, half sunshine are ideal, but should not shade. Society garlic has a high temperature, heat resistant, suitable temperature for growth of 24~30 degrees.

Society Garlic is not strict with the soil and is resistant to barren, fertile and well-drained sandy loam or loam.

How to grow and care for society garlic

Soil

Garlic soil should be used for culture of leaf rot soil, sandy soil, garden soil in a ratio of 1:1:1 mixed preparation, pot bottom fully decomposes compost and a small amount of bone meal and as a base fertilizer.

Fertilization

In general, dilute liquid fertilizer is applied 2-3 times during the growth period to promote the growth and development of its seedlings. When the pregnant bud blossoms, apply 1-2 times of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer to ensure that the plant seedlings have sufficient nutrition in the pregnant bud and flowering period, which can not only make the flowers large and bright but also promote the development of the corm. Large area planting, we should pay attention to ventilation and appropriate shading, if a small area planting or potted, flowers and slender and weak stems of ornamental varieties to set up support, in case of broken flowers.

Watering

Society garlic water only needs to keep the potting soil moist, but the growing season and dry weather must be properly frequently watered, and often sprinkled around the pot, in order to improve the air humidity. The basin soil should not be too wet, otherwise the bulbs are perishable.

The propagation of society garlic

Scale propagation 

That is, the use of scale cuttings, bulb balls, the first choice of large stem block, color is good, no pests and diseases of high quality Society Garlic for species. First cut off the base of the bulb with a Bamboo knife, so that the scales separate, in autumn in the sunny sandy soil in the seedbed, ditch depth of 10 cm, according to 30 cm wide row spacing, 35 cm distance between plants, the scales buried in the ditch, covered with 4 cm thick soil, slightly pressure after burial. The scales are taken out in the following spring and replanted as breeding scales.When planting scale concave shape can face down, otherwise not easy to emerge seedlings.

Bulb propagation

Also known as the bulb reproduction, in autumn harvest of Society garlic next to the bulb isolation collection and preservation, as a breeding stem, mixed with wet sand storage, to be taken out in the middle of the next spring planting, planting depth of 10-15 cm, 20-25 days can germinate unearthed, the larger bulb can flower that year, small culture 2-3 years of flowering. There are also soilless seedlings, the small bulbs to be removed on the wooden box in the greenhouse, with the temperature of 18℃-20℃ is appropriate, so that after 3-4 months can grow small lily seedlings, the next year in 3-4 months can be planted.

Bulbil propagation

There are small bead buds in leaf axils, but after the flower wither, bead buds did not fall off before collecting bead buds planted in the garden, a year later can form a small bulb, grow a leaf bud, 2-3 years later can blossom. Sowing propagation can also be, but because of seed germination and cultivation of the plant seedlings grow slowly, non-large area of reproduction is not used. There are 4 methods of propagation, such as seeding, bulblet separation, scale cuttage and bud division, and one can be selected according to the need.

Seed propagation

Sowing belongs to sexual propagation, mainly in the breeding application, harvest seeds in autumn, storage to the next spring sowing. Germinate about 20-30 days after sowing. Seedling period to appropriate shading.In autumn, the underground part has formed a small bulb, can be dug out. Depending on the species, some seedlings bloom after three years, while others take many years to bloom. Therefore, this method is not suitable for families to adopt.

Society Garlic

Disease control of society garlic

Mosaic

This disease is also called latent Mosaic disease, when the disease occurs, the leaves appear unevenness of chlorosis or dry spots, the victim plants are short, leaf edge curl, leaf deformation is small, sometimes there are fusiform light brown disease spots on the petals, flower deformity, and not easy to open.

Prevention and control methods: select virus-free bulbs to keep seeds; Strengthen the prevention and control of aphids and leafhoppers; Diseased plants are removed and destroyed in time when they are found.

Speck

At the beginning of the disease, there are small discolored spots on the leaves, which are brown spots after enlargement, with dark brown edges. After the center of the disease spot produced many small black spots, seriously, the whole leaf ministry black and dead.

Prevention and control method: remove the disinfected leaves, and spray with 65% Dessen Zinc WP 500 times dilution once to prevent spread.

Bulb rot

After the onset of the disease, the bulb produces brown spots, and finally the whole bulb is brown rot.

Prevention and treatment: at the early stage of the disease, 300 times solution of 50% desonium can be irrigated.

The distribution area of society fruit

Society Garlic is native to South Africa. The Jiangsu area of China has a large area of introduction.

The function of society garlic

Ornamental effect

Society Garlic is green, beautiful flowers, fleshy petals, long flowering period, has a certain ornamental value, suitable for garden planting, pot or cut flowers.

Medical uses

Society garlic can treat chest pain and heartache, red and white dysentery. The smell is similar to garlic, hence the name wild garlic; White root color, also known as Allium macrostemon, used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Society Garlic garden uses

Society Garlic is green, beautiful flowers, fleshy petals, long flowering period, is a rare summer flower; Society garlic is suitable for flower scenery, or as a ground plant in the forest margin or lawn.

Edible value

Many sources agree the bulbs and leaves of the society garlic plant are edible and can be used as a substitute for garlic and garlic chives. Society garlic is often sold as an herb. Flowers are edible as well and may be used for decoration on salads and desserts. The name of the society garlic plant stems from edible parts not leaving an offensive odor on one’s breath after eating it, but the bulb may be best left in the ground to continue the production of showy, fragrant flowers.

Society Garlic