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Saucer magnolia (Magnolia soulangeana) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 10 2021

Saucer magnolia (Magnolia soulangeana) profile

Saucer Magnolia, the scientific name Magnolia soulangeana, is a small deciduous tree that can reach up to 15 meters in height. Leaves are obovate or broadly obovate, apex broadly rounded, under mask pubescent.  

Saucer Magnolia picture

Saucer Magnolia

Saucer Magnolia info

Botanical Name Magnolia x soulangiana
Common Names Saucer magnolia
Plant Type Flowering tree
BLOOM COLOR Pinkish-white
Light Full sun to part shade
Hardiness Zone 4 to 9
Native Range Parent species are from China
Mature size 20 to 25 feet tall and wide

Morphological features of Saucer Magnolia

Branch

Saucer magnolia is a small tree, 6 to 10 meters tall, with small branches that are hairless.

Leaf

Saucer Magnolia Leaves are Parish, Obovate, 6-15 cm long, 4-7.5 cm wide, apex short and acute, tapering into cuneate below 2/3, midveins often remain hairy in the upper base, more or less pilose below, lateral veins 7-9 on each side, veins convex on both sides when dry, petiole 1-1.5 cm long, pilose, stipule markings about 1/3 of the length of petiole.

Flowers

Saucer Magnolia: Ovate buds, open flowers in the first leaves, pale red to dark red, tepals 6-9, 3 tepals on outer rings, usually shorter and about 2/3 the length of inner rings; Stamens are 1-1.2 cm long, anthers ca.5 mm, laterally dehiscent, septa protruding into a mucronate, pistil glabrous, cylindrical, ca. 1.5 cm long.

Fruit

Saucer Magnolia's Fruit is about 8cm long and 3cm in diameter; Follicles are ellipsoid or obovoid, 1-1.5 cm long, black when ripe, with white lenticels; Seeds are dark brown, broadly obovate or obovate, laterally oblate.

The hybrid

Saucer Magnolia is a hybrid of Magnolia magnolia and Magnolia magnolia. It is found in Hangzhou, Guangzhou and Kunming. The perianth segments of this species vary in size and shape, ranging from purple to sometimes nearly white. There are about 20 species in horticultural cultivation.

How to grow and care for Saucer Magnolia

Light

Saucer magnolia timber pick full sun, however they can tolerate section colour locations.

Soil

Saucer magnolia bushes are pleasant in moist, acidic, organically prosperous and well-drained loamy soil, although they will tolerate clay soils.

Water

During the first 12 months of planting, water the tree deeply and frequently. Afterward, saucer magnolias want irrigation solely when the climate is dry. Once established, these timber have a rather appropriate tolerance for drought.

Temperature and humidity

Cool, wet climate tends to purpose fungal leaf spots and cankers on Saucer magnolia. If possible, keep away from splashing soil from the floor onto the plants, and provide them top air circulation.

Fertilizer

Saucer magnolia is now not heavy feeders, however they advantage from mixing fertilizer into the soil when planting, then gently feeding them every spring with a balanced slow-release fertilizer. For annual spring feeding, do not combine the fertilizer into the soil, however as an alternative unfold it over the floor round the plant, then water it in.

Pruning

Saucer magnolia bushes frequently produce more than one stem. To structure it into a tree form, prune away all however one stem to serve as a dominant trunk. Such drastic pruning must be completed whilst the tree is nonetheless young. You may additionally additionally structure the crown in later years by using pruning gently after the flowering period. Remove any useless or diseased branches as you see them, ideally in dry climates when fungi are much less likely to infect pruning wounds.

Saucer Magnolia's ecological habits

Saucer Magnolia loves the sun and warm, humid climates.

Saucer magnolia is sensitive to temperature and can bloom four to five months from north to south. Even within the same region, the time of flowering can vary wildly from year to year. Saucer magnolia has a certain resistance to low temperature and can overwinter safely under -21℃ condition.

Saucer magnolia

Saucer Magnolia propagation

Saucer Magnolia is available for sowing, grafting, cutting, laminating and tissue culture.

Seed propagation

Saucer magnolia tends to be limp after flowering, while the few solid fruits ripen in September and October. Pour next mature fruit, dry in indoor shade for 1 day to 2 days, take off the seeds of the red skin, a little pile retting after using fine sand or put in water rub the red skin dry in the shade, die in the sun, can not lose water, appropriate namely pick namely sow or mix wet sand storage to the next year February to March sowing, germination rate 70% to 80%. Saucer Magnolia is a hybrid with unstable offspring that cannot maintain all the habits of a good variety. Therefore, it is rarely used in the breeding of good varieties but is often used in the breeding of new varieties.

Cutting propagation

Saucer Magnolia is cut from May to July when growth is at its peak. The choice sapling is born in that year branch makes cutout, the upper part stays a few leaves, immerse branch lower part 50 mg/l indole acetic acid, root powder or nafthene acetic acid after 6 hours, insert wet sand or vermiculite bed inside, proper shade, and often spray protect moisture, the survival rate can reach 70% or so.

Grafting propagation

Usually, Saucer magnolia parents such as purple magnolia or magnolia, this species or yellow orchid, white orchid and other genus plants are used as rootstocks, which can be split grafted, bud grafted, cut grafted, belly grafted and other ways, but the survival rate of split grafted and bud grafted is higher.

Layering propagation

Choose well-growing plants, take 1 to 2-year-old branches of 0.5 to 1.0 cm thick for layering, if there are branches, can be pressed on the branches. Layering time in February to March is better after the pressure can take root in the same year. Saucer magnolia can Flower in 2 to 3 years after transplanting.

Tissue culture propagation

Saucer Magnolia can maintain its excellent characteristics in tissue culture. The terminal buds and lateral buds are generally used as explants. The medium for primary and secondary culture is MS+3.0mg/L6-BA+0.2mg/L LIBA, and the medium for root induction is 1/2MS+0.5mg/LNAA.

Disease & pest control in Saucer Magnolia

Saucer Magnolia should be protected against underground pests such as blight, root rot and grubs. Saucer Magnolia should be protected against red spiders in the middle of summer.

Disease control

In addition to the prevention and control of chlorosis and root rot in the management process, but also prevention and control of anthrax. If the disease is found, the diseased plant and leaf should be removed in time, and at the same time, the leaves should be sprayed with 50% carbendazim solution 500~800 times, or 70% tobutazine solution 800~1000 times for prevention and control.

Pest control

Aphids

If aphid is found to be harmful to buds and buds, it can be killed by quick killing or by 500 times of washing powder, and then sprayed with clean water to wash the branches and leaves.

Insect pest shell

The pest of scale shell insects can be sprayed with 0.3%~0.4% vinegar.

Saucer Magnolia's varietal classification

Magnolia Amoena Cheng

Magnolia Campbellii Hook. F. et Thoms.

Magnolia dawsoniana Rehd. Et Wils.

Magnolia Denudata Desr.

Magnolia Elliptigemmata C. L. Guo et L. L. Huang

Magnolia Multiflora M. C. Wang et C. L. Min

Magnolia sargentiana Rehd. Et Wils.

Wudang Mulan Magnolia Sprengeri Pampan.

Magnolia Zenii Cheng

Magnolia, for the magnolia family magnolia plants. Also known as magnolia, jade tang spring, winter jasmine, hope spring flower, should spring flower, wood tree.

Two Qiao Magnolia outside with purple, calyx length is half the petal.

Magnolia is a deciduous shrub, with small green sepals, 6 petals, purple outside, white inside, no fragrance.

Magnolia magnolia leaves evergreen, thick leather, brown hair under the leaves.

Saucer Magnolia's range

Saucer Magnolia is grown in Hangzhou, Guangzhou and Kunming.

Saucer Magnolia uses

Saucer magnolia flower contains aromatic oil, which can be extracted to prepare essence or extract; Perianth segments ate or used for fumigating tea; The seeds are pressed for oil for industrial use. Early spring white flowers full of trees, gorgeous fragrance, for the famous Chinese and foreign Garden ornamental species.

Saucer magnolia