Written by Maggie
May 13 2021
Saffron Crocus (Artemisia dracunculus) is a plant in the composite family.Perennial herb, has a certain edible value.
|Botanical Name||Artemisia dracunculus (Sativa subspecies)|
|Common Name||Saffron Crocus|
|Plant Type||Perennial herb|
|Mature Size||24 inches|
|Sun||Part Sun/Part Shade|
|Flower Color||Light green leaves|
|Hardiness Zones||4 and above|
|Native Area||Temperate Europe and Asia|
Saffron Crocus is a semi-shrubby herb. Roots stout or slightly fine, woody, vertical;Rhizome thick, woody, erect or oblique, 0.5 -- 2 cm in diameter, often with a short underground stem. Stems are usually numerous, tufted, 40-150(-200) cm tall, brown or green, longitudinally ribbed, lower woody, slightly curved, branched many, spreading, obliquely upward; Stems, branches are slightly pubescent at first, and gradually fall off after.Leaves sessile, slightly pubescent on both surfaces at first, glabrous or subglabrous on both posterior surfaces, lower leaves withering at flowering stage;Middle leaves linear-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, (1.5-) 3-7 (-10) cm long, 2-3 mm wide, apex acuminate, base attenuate, entire;Upper leaves and bracts. Leaves slightly short, linear or linear-lanceolate, 0.5-3 cm long, 1-2 mm wide.Inflorescences numerous, subglobose, ovoid, or subhespherose, 2-2.5 mm in diam., shortly or subsessile, obliquely spreading or slightly pendulous, linear bracteoles at base, complex racemes arranged on the branches of the stem, and panicles open or slightly narrow on the stem; Involucracts 3-ply, outer involucracts slightly narrow, ovate, abaxially green, glabrous, middle and inner involucracts ovoid or long ovate, margin broadly membranous or all membranous inflorescences small, raised;Female flowers 6-10, corolla narrowly tubular or slightly narrowly conical, corolla with 2(-3) lobed teeth, styles protruding outside the corolla, apex 2-forked, apex pointed;Bisexual flowers 8-14, unpregnant, corolla tubular, anthers linear, apex appendages acute, long triangular, base obtuse, style short, apex clavate, 2-lobed, not divided, vestigial ovary small.Achene obovate or ellipsoid obovate.
Saffron Crocus is produced in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei (N), Shanxi (N), Shaanxi (N), Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang.Northeastern China, North China and Xinjiang are distributed at an altitude of 500-2 500 meters. Gansu and Qinghai are distributed at an altitude of 2-3 800 meters. They are mostly found on dry slopes, grasslands, semi-desert steppes, forest steppes, forest margins, fields, roadsides, dry river valleys, riverbank terrains, subalpine meadows and other areas, as well as near saline-alkali flats. The local area becomes the main companion species of the plant community.It is widely distributed in the northern temperate zone and subtropical semi-desert and grassland areas.Mongolia, Afghanistan, India (N), Pakistan (N), Kashmir, Sikkim, the Soviet Union, Eastern, Central and Western Europe and North America. The type specimens were collected from Siberia, USSR.
Saffron Crocus contains volatile oils, mainly aldehydes, and a small amount of alkaloids.Qinghai folk medicine to treat heat, humidity, fever, fatigue and so on. The root has a spicy flavor. Xinjiang folk take the root ground to replace the pepper as seasoning.Pasture areas for livestock fodder.