Written by Maggie
Jan 13 2021
The Perfume Flower Tree is a genus of evergreen trees or shrubs. The bark is grey. Branchlets are thick, cylindrical; The whole plant is glabrous. It is distributed in China, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and so on.The Perfume Flower Tree pictureThe Perfume Flower Tree morphological characteristicsBranchleafFlowersFruitThe Perfume Flower Tree habitThe geographical distribution of Perfume Flower TreePerfume Flower Tree propagation methodsPerfume Flower Tree growing techniquesSoilThe temperatureLightMoistureFertilizationTrimPrevention and control of diseases and pests of Perfume Flower TreeDiseaseInsect pestsThe prevention and treatment The main value of Perfume Flower TreeGardening The Perfume Flower Tree picture The Perfume Flower Tree morphological characteristics Branch
The Royals Flower Tree is a tree, up to 15 metres tall, and sometimes a climbing shrub attached to other trees. The bark is grey. Branchlets are thick, cylindrical, old branches with raised leaf marks and stipule marks; The whole plant is glabrous.leaf
Leaves are slightly fleshy, papery or subleathery when dry, elliptic, ovate, obovate or oblong-lanceolate, sometimes oblong-lanceolate, 5-25 cm long, 2-10 cm wide, acuminate, acute or rounded with a small point, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, dark green, greenish-yellow when dry. Leaf mid veins are flattened, dorsal lobe slightly raised, lateral veins 4-8 on each side, inconspicuous; The petiole is 1 -- 5 cm long, with axillary scales formed from stripes at the base, scales ca. 1 mm long and ca. 4 mm wide, often more or less associated with the petiole.Flowers
The flowers of a Perfume Flower Tree are solitary or in a terminal dichasium; Pedicels are short and thick, base with bracts ca. 4 mm lanceolate; Pedicels are stout, 1 cm long, with 2 broadly ovate bracteoles above middle; The calyx is green, fleshy, dry leathery, 1.5-2 cm long, lobes ovate to rounded, ca. 1 cm long, margin membranous; The corolla is funnelform, ca.5 cm long, thin, slightly fleshy, white, fragrant, corolla tubes 3 -- 3.5 cm long, distally expanded, lobes spreading, obovate, 2.5 -- 3 cm long, up to 2 cm wide, upper and medial with raised veins; Stamens are hidden, filaments filiform, anthers oblong to ovate, 5-7 mm long; The ovary is elliptic or ovate, 5 mm long, smooth, 2-loculed, with multiple ovules in each locule, style slender, stigma obconical or slightly peltate.Fruit
The fruit of a Perfume Flower Tree is ovoid or nearly globose, 3 -- 5 cm long and 2 -- 4 cm in diameter, with a pointed beak at the top, a light green, glossy finish, and a persistent calyx at the base; Seeds are elliptic reniform, 3-4 mm long, embedded in pulp.
The Perfume Flower Tree starts blooming from April to August and starts fruiting from July to March.The Perfume Flower Tree habit
The Perfume Flower Tree grows in thick mountain forests and limestone broad-leaved forests at altitudes of between 500 and 1800 metres.
The Perfume Flower Tree is a sun - loving, drought-tolerant, shade-tolerant, and cold-resistant Tree. It grows well in the South Asian tropics and is green all year round. The soil requirements are not strict, strong adaptability, coarse growth and easy cultivation.The geographical distribution of Perfume Flower Tree
Perfume Flower Tree is distributed in China (Taiwan, Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi and southern Yunnan), India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, etc.Perfume Flower Tree propagation methods
The Royals Flower Tree can be propagated by cutting, sowing, layering and splitting. Each can be propagated at different times and under different conditions.But cuttage or seed sowing reproduction, into the seedling rate is high.Perfume Flower Tree growing techniques Soil
Choose loose fertile, good drainage sandy loam cultivation. Northern potted, available 7 leaves of soil, 1 river sand, 1 retting of organic fertilizer, 1 fermented sawdust preparation. Loosen the potted plants once a month during the growing season, always keeping the roots in a good state of permeability.The temperature
Choose a warm climate. The Royals Flower Tree grows at a temperature between 18 and 32 ° C, and when temperatures are higher than 38 ° C in summer, it can inhibit growth. South China in some areas can be planted on the ground overwintering, the north of the Yangtze River potted while the temperature of the hut in winter is not less than 5C.Light
Choose full of sunshine, but have certain shade conditions. The native environment of African Jasmine is mostly a half shade state. In South China, it is planted as a Garden greening tree. It is best to choose a place with side shade. Potted plants in the north of the Yangtze River can receive full sunlight in spring and autumn. In summer, they should be sheltered or placed under the shade of big trees, avoiding direct sunlight for several hours around noon at least. It is particularly noteworthy that 6-7 months after a long rain encountered sunny days, the temperature suddenly rose, the light is very strong, a set to do a good job of shading, to prevent young shoots and young leaves were burned. Potted plants in public places require sufficient scattered light, or placed near the window, should not be too dark, otherwise it will cause the leaves to lose green or yellow or fall off.
Choose enough water, but the root should not water, otherwise easy root rot, leaves yellow. Water in spring and autumn in order to keep the basin soil moist as a degree, rainy season to prevent water, hot summer, in the afternoon, each spray 1 times, humidification and cooling. Winter for indoor potted plants, to keep the basin soil moisture is appropriate, and around noon when the temperature is relatively high, the right amount of water to the leaf. Spring, summer, autumn three seasons, in the fertilization of normal circumstances, such as potted plant lower leaves yellow fall off, it is likely because of water rot root, to turn the basin for soil in time. Summer if the lack of watering, so that the new tender shoots wilting drooping, not immediately to the pot soil water, but to spray some water to the leaves, after the leaves have a slight recovery, and then give the pot soil on the right amount of water.Fertilization
Potted plants in the growth season of monthly topdressing 1 times of thin decaying cake fertilizer water, May before flowering after 1 times of phosphate and potassium fertilizer, promote plant flowering, after autumn to supplement topdressing 1-2 times of phosphate and potassium fertilizer, safe winter. Potted in northern areas, in order to prevent leaf yellowization, the growth season in pouring fertilizer when adding 0.2 ferrous sulfate. When planting to apply sufficient base fertilizer, at the end of autumn in the root system periphery ditch buried fertilizer, each plant 0.5-1 kg.Trim
The Perfume Flower Tree sprouts and tillers strongly and is highly resistant to pruning. During the growing season, it can be trimmed at will, usually in the shape of a ball, platform or fan. To maintain a graceful Tree shape, the buds at the bottom of the plant should be cut off as soon as possible to avoid consuming too much nutrients.Prevention and control of diseases and pests of Perfume Flower Tree Disease
Anthrax: Anthrax occurs more in twigs and leaves of Perfume Flower Tree, there are nearly round to irregular shape depression spots, brown edge, central grayish white to grayish brown, sparse black small grain point, for its conidia disc. Prevention and control methods: at the beginning of the disease, spray 50% carbendazim wettable powder 800 times liquid plus 25% chlorothalonil wettable powder 800 times liquid, or 25% charcoal Trane wettable powder 500 times liquid, alternately spray every 10 days, consecutive 3 to 4 times.
Sunburn: Sunburn in hot summer and hot summer, the tender shoots and young leaves of potted African jasmine are prone to birthday burn, which is manifested as grayish white or light white burn spots on the leaves. Prevention and control methods: the use of shading net shading, appropriate change of position; High temperature and dry season, appropriate to increase the number of watering and watering, when necessary to the leaf water; For the plants that have been burned, move them to the shade in time, cut off the tender shoots and young leaves that have been burned, strengthen the management of water and fertilizer, so that the plants recover to health as soon as possible.Insect pests
Ficus thrips adults and nymphs can damage the Royals Flower Tree, mainly young leaves and buds, not older leaves. Adults and nymphs file along the two sides of the main veins of young leaves to absorb SAP, which can form galls on the leaf surface; To cause severe deformities, such as contortions or curls along the main veins. In a leaf can generally see the adult, nymphs together swarm harm phenomenon.The prevention and treatment
Physical control: for the plants with a small amount of fig tup thrips, we can control the fig tup thrips by removing the insect-infested branches and leaves and burning them.
Biological control: the natural enemy insects of fig tuft thrips are used for control, such as ladybird beetles, ladybird beetles and other adults and larvae can eat fig tuft thrips.
Chemical control: for the plants not harmed by Ficus tuber Thrips, spraying Tiwangwang 2500 times solution or Jinzun 1000 times solution when pumping new leaves can be used for prevention; For plants that have insect pests, you can spray every 6-7 days 1 times, depending on the situation even spray 3-4 times.
The main value of Perfume Flower Tree Gardening
The Perfume Flower Tree is big and green all the year round. It grows well with graceful, fleshy leaves and dark green and glossy leaves. It is a good garden and indoor foliage plant.
Continuous release of fresh oxygen, indoor people more spirit, work more smoothly, the volatile oil has a significant bactericidal effect, can make people relax, conducive to sleep, improve work efficiency.
The Royals Flower Tree is usually large and placed in a window position to block the wind when it blows through, changing the direction of the wind and forcing it to bend into the interior.