Passionflower Profile

Written by Joy

Nov 02 2020

Passionflower Profile

Passionflower is a perennial evergreen climbing woody vine, a fragrant and delicious fruit. Also known as crucifixion fruit, Brazilian fruit, vine peach, passion fruit, Zhuxinlian, Western Ju, Zhulianlian, foreign sour eggplant, and timepiece grass.

The stem of the passionflower is cylindrical and slightly angular, glabrous; its leaves are papery, the base is heart-shaped, 5-parted palmately, the middle lobes are oval-oblong, and the lobes on both sides are slightly smaller, glabrous, and entire; Cymes degenerate only 1 flower, opposite to tendrils, flowers are large, light green; berries are ovoid to nearly spherical, orange or yellow when ripe; seeds are numerous, obovate, about 5 mm long. Its flowering period is from May to July.
passion flower
According to the test, the passionfruit fruit contains more than 135 kinds of aromatic substances, which is most suitable for processing into juice, or processing and mixing with other fruits (such as mango, pineapple, guava, orange, and apple, etc.) into mixed juice. Significantly improve the taste and flavor of these fruit juices; it can also be used as an additive for ice cream or other foods to enhance flavor and improve quality.

Passionflower morphological characteristics

Passionflower is a herbaceous vine; the stem is cylindrical and slightly angular, glabrous, and slightly powdered; its leaves are papery, 5-7 cm long, 6-8 cm wide, heart-shaped at the base, and 5-lobed palmate. The middle lobes are oval-ovate, the lobes on both sides are slightly smaller, glabrous, and entire; the petiole is 2-3 cm long, with 2-4 small glands in the middle; the stipules are larger, kidney-shaped, holding stems and long up to 1.2 cm, with wavy edges.
Its cyme degenerates only 1 flower, opposite to tendrils. Flowers are generally large, light green, large in diameter, 6-8 cm; Passiflora pedicel is 3-4 cm long; bracts are wide ovate, 3 cm long, entire; 5 sepals, 3-4.5 cm long, light green on the outside, green and white on the inside, with a horn-shaped appendage on the outside top; it has 5 petals, and light green, nearly as long as the sepals; Passiflora has 3 rounds of outer corolla lobes, filamentous, outer and middle lobes, It is 1-1.5 cm long, sky blue at the top, white at the middle, and purplish-red at the bottom. The inner ring lobes are filiform, 1-2 mm long, with a purplish red capitate at the top and light green at the bottom; inner corolla tassel-shaped, lobes Purple-red, with a dense gland ring underneath; Passionflower has a disc, about 1-2 mm high; and the peduncle is 8-10 mm long; Passionflower has 5 stamens, separated filaments, about 1 cm long, flat.
The berry is ovoid to nearly spherical, about 6 cm long, orange or yellow when ripe; the seeds are mostly obovate, about 5 mm long. Passionflower blooms from May to July.

Passionflower growth habit and growing environment and distribution

Passionflower is cultivated in Guangxi, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, and other places in China, and sometimes grows easily. Native to South America. Commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions.
Passionflower is a tropical and subtropical fruit, which enjoys light, sunny and warm climate. Passionflower is highly adaptable and does not require strict soil requirements. It can be planted in front of and behind the house, in the mountains, and on the roadside. However, sunny gardens that are rich in organic matter, loose, deep soil, well-drained, and sunny are the best for growth. Passionflower avoids accumulation of water and is not drought-tolerant. You should keep the soil moist.

Passionflower efficacy and role

passion flower
According to expert analysis and testing, passion fruit is rich in protein, fat, reducing sugars, multiple vitamins, phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, and as many as 165 compounds, as well as 17 essential amino acids, which are of high nutritional value. Among them, the vitamin content is 1345 (1·U/100G), which is an effective anti-cancer ingredient, and the niacin content is 1.7 mg/100G, which has a positive effect on preventing cardiovascular diseases. Passionflower fruit has a fragrant odor when it is ripe. If it is cut, it will be full of aroma and refreshing, and there is a lot of fruit pulp and juice in the fruit. The food is sweet and sour, which promotes body fluid and quenches thirst, refreshing and refreshing, especially suitable for processing into juice, Fruit syrup, jam, jelly, and other products with unique flavor, rich nutrition, nourishing fitness, and digestive aid. The passion fruit juice beverage produced in Xishuangbanna has been sold at home and abroad. The oil content of passionflower seeds is as high as 21.7%-25.25%, and the oil quality is comparable to sunflower oil. It is a high-quality edible oil. The roots, stems, and leaves of passionflower can be used as medicine. It has the effects of anti-inflammatory, relieving pain, promoting blood circulation, strengthening the body, lowering lipids, and lowering blood pressure. Passion fruit peel is also a good feed.

Passionflower cultivation

Passionflower can be propagated by seed, layering, and cuttings. Since the fruit has many seeds and a high germination rate, seeds are often used for reproduction in production.

Seed propagation

passion flower
Passionflower seed propagation can be carried out all year round, but it is better to sow in spring and autumn. Generally, plants that are robust, disease-free, high-yielding, and stable-yield are selected as mother plants. Pick up the correct, slightly heavier, fully mature fruits, take out the seeds, wash off the residue, and dry them before sowing. When sowing, 1 kg of seeds are mixed with 10-20 grams of carbendazim for about 20 minutes, and then the seeds are evenly spread on the seedling bed, covered with a layer of thin grass, and watered. After the broadcast, water should be watered according to the weather conditions. On a sunny day, water should be sprayed every morning and evening, and the excavation will begin about half a month later. When the emergence of seedlings reaches more than 80%, topdressing should be done in time. Dilute water fertilizer or dilute urea solution can be used to pour to cultivate strong seedlings. It’s time to transplant when the seedlings grow 4 true leaves.


The layering propagation of passionflower is a kind of asexual propagation. It is suitable for spring from February to February. The branches of the mother plant are pressed into the soil or wrapped in the soil to form adventitious roots, and then the branches above the adventitious roots are combined with The mother plant is separated to form an independent new plant propagation method. When layering, in order to interrupt the downward conduction of organic substances such as sugar, auxin, and other substances from the upper ends of leaves and branches, so that these substances can accumulate in the upper part of the treatment for use in rooting, ring peeling can be carried out. This method is simple, fast growth, and short seedling time.


passion flower
Passiflora can also be reproduced by cutting seedlings. The cutting time is appropriate in spring from February to March, but also in autumn. You’d better use healthy and mature annual branch vines as cutting materials, cut the cuttings into 2-3 nodes, about 10 cm-15 cm in length, the lower incision is 1 cm below the node, and the upper incision is 3 cm away from the node. 1 whole leaf cutting. After the cuttings are cut, they are soaked in Abr rooting powder 25 mg/kg aqueous solution for 30 minutes, and then the cuttings are cultivated in a nutrient bag with a diameter of 8 cm × a height of 12 cm. The nutrient soil is 50% fine loess and 50% humus soil. Good, the cutting depth is 2/3 of the cutting length. After cutting, put the nutrient bag on the seedling bed and water it immediately. The first watering must be thoroughly watered and then watered to keep it moist depending on the weather. The seedbed is 1.0m-1.2m wide, and the length depends on the terrain. Bamboo slabs are used to form a bow-shaped bracket, covered with a shading net with a shade of 50%, and the seeding rate can reach 85% after 30 days. It takes about 3-4 months for cuttings to leave the nursery.