Nandina (heavenly bamboo) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 31 2021

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) profile

Nandina is an evergreen shrub in the Berberidaceae family, also known as Nandina domestica, heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo. Because of its elegant shape, Nandina is often used to make bonsai or bonsai to decorate the windowsill, hall, venue, etc.

Nandina picture


Nandina info

Botanical Name Nandina domestica
Common Names Heavenly bamboo, sacred bamboo, Nandina
Plant Type Shrub
Sun Full sun, partial sun
Hardiness Zones 6-9
Flower color Cream, white
Native Area Eastern Asia
Mature size 7 feet tall, 5 feet wide

Morphological characteristics of Nandina

Stem branches

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is a small evergreen shrub. Stems are often fascicular and less branching, 1-3 meters high, smooth glabrous, young branches often red, gray after old.


Leaves of Nandina (heavenly bamboo) are alternate, concentrated in the upper part of the stem, three pinnate compound leaves, 30 -- 50 cm long;2 to 3 pinnate segments opposite; Leaflets are thinly leathery, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 2-10 cm long and 0.5-2 cm wide, apically acuminate, basally cuneate, entire, dark green above, reddish in winter, abaxially veinous, glabrous on both surfaces; 


Panicles of Nandina (heavenly bamboo) are erect, 20 -- 35 cm long; Flowers are small, white, aromatic, 6-7 mm in diameter; Sepals are many-chained, outer sepal ovate-triangular, 1 -- 2 mm long, ascending inwards, innermost sepal ovate-oblong, 2 -- 4 mm long; Petals are oblong, ca. 4.2 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, apex obtuse; Nandina (heavenly bamboo) has 6 stamens, ca. 3.5 mm, filaments short, anthers lobed longitudinally, septum extended; Ovary is 1-loculed, with 1-3 ovules.


The stalk of Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is 4 -- 8 mm long; Berries are globose, 5-8 mm in diameter, bright red when ripe, sparse orange-red. Seeds are oblate orbicular.

Nandina's ecological habits

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) likes a warm and humid environment, relatively tolerant to shade. Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is Easy to maintain. Cultivation soil requires fertile, well-drained sandy loam. Not very strict to moisture requirements, both wet and drought resistance. More like fertilizer, phosphorus, potassium fertilizer can be applied. During the growing period, apply liquid fertilizer 1~2 times a month. Potted plants after a few years of viewing, branches and leaves aging off, can be whole pruning, generally, the main stem left about 15cm can be pruned in April, autumn can be restored to 1m high, and plump crown.

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) grows wild in open forests and shrubs and is often planted in gardens. The leaves turn red under strong light. It is suitable for growing in moist, fertile and well-drained sandy loam soil.

Nandina's way of propagation

Seed propagation

Harvest seeds of Nandina (heavenly bamboo) in autumn and sow them after harvest. In the whole good seedbed, according to the row spacing 33 cm ditch, about 10 cm deep, evenly sow, sow per hectare for 90-120 kg. After sowing, cover with wood ash and fine soil and press tightly. The second-year seedling growth is slow, often weeding, loose soil, and uses light human and animal dung urine. From now on, we should pay attention to medium plowing and weeding every year. Topdressing, cultivated after 3 years, can go out of nursery planting. Transplanting should be carried out after a spring rain. The spacing between plants and rows is 100 cm. Before planting, take the soil to dig up the seedlings, if you can not take the root, you must use thin mud, after planting it is easy to survive.

Division propagation

The spring and autumn two seasons will cluster Nandina (heavenly bamboo) dig out, shake off the soil, cut off from the foundation union weak place, each cluster takes stem 2 to 3, need to take part of the root system, cut off a few larger pinnate compound leaves at the same time, the ground is planted or on the basin, cultivate one or two years later can blossom and bear fruit.


How to grow and care for Nandina


Nandina is now not choosy about soil type, then again prefers an incredibly loose, fertile and well-drained soil. As with so many different kinds of decorative plants, continuously soggy or moist soil can and frequently will purpose root rot and different detrimental plant diseases.


When it comes to light, Nandina are extraordinarily versatile. Plant them in solar or color and they will do fine. That said, foliage shades will be greater severe with extra sun.


Nandina are mild feeders, then again will be advantageous from fertilization. To preserve desirable foliage colour and aid increase and normal fitness of the plant, feed Nandina in spring with a slow-release shrub & tree food. Alternatively, you can feed with herbal natural plant food. To keep away from stimulating new booms that may want to be broken by using an early frost, give up fertilization of Nandina two months prior to the first frost date in your area.


Nandina are especially drought tolerant when established. That said, in the absence of rainfall, younger Nandina will require some moisture at some point of the first 12 months whilst setting up a root system. As with so many different plants, continuously soggy or moist soil can reason damaging root ailments and even death. So be cautious no longer to over-water them!


Nandina do not now require pruning for fitness or overall performance without eliminating broken or useless plant components or to do away with a stray department that is spoiling the structure of the plant. Compact preferences of Nandina (growing beneath three toes in height) continue to be tidy with little or no pruning. Sometimes, taller developing Nandina sorts will turn out to be naked at the backside over time and pruning restores a full and compact look.

Nandina disease control

Symptoms: Disease occurs in the leaves of Nandina (heavenly bamboo), starting at the edge or tip of the leaves.At the beginning, the disease spots are brown dots, and then gradually expand into circular or wedge-shaped spots, with a diameter of 2.5 to 5.5 centimeters. The disease spots are brown or dark brown, surrounded by dark brown speckled edges, slightly radiating, and surrounded by a wide red halo.Late in the disease in clusters of grey-green to dark green smudgy lumps, that is, the pathogenic bacteria conidia.

Method of prevention and cure

(1) When the disease is found, remove the sick leaves in time, and bury them deep or burn them down. If there are many diseased leaves, some milder diseased leaves can be retained for viewing, and the overwintering diseased leaves can be removed after the new leaves are unfolded in the following spring to control the source of the pathogen.

(2) Before the occurrence of spring erythema spray 70% methyl tobujin wettable powder 800 to 1000 times the liquid, or 70% mancozeb 500 times the liquid, can also spray new fungicides, every 10 to 15 days 1 times, even spray 2 to 3 times.

Nandina anthrax

Symptoms: The disease occurs on the leaves of Nandina (heavenly bamboo), beginning as brown spots, and gradually expanding into round oval and irregular spots with dark brown bands at the edges.When the disease spot dense confluence into the major disease spot, can account for more than half of the lobules.In the late stage, dense raised small black spots are produced on the spots, and pink sticky blocks are produced on the small black spots when the weather is wet.

Method of prevention and cure

(1) Remove diseased leaves in time, burn or bury them.

(2) Spray 50% topujin wettable powder 400 to 500 times liquid, once every 10 to 15 days, spraying 3 times.

The species classification of Nandina

Jade fruit Nandina with emerald green leaves and yellow-green fruit;

Foxtail Nandina with fruit-bearing ears more than a foot long, like foxtail;

A colorful Nandina with long, narrow and dense leaves and a variety of purple colors;

Leaves such as piano wire, short branches, suitable for making a desk for the piano wire Nandina;

Seed red green leaf Nandina; A tall tall Nandina.

Nandina's distribution area

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is produced in the Yangtze river valley of China and shaanxi, henan huangchuan puta town · hebei, shandong, hubei, jiangsu, zhejiang, anhui, jiangxi, guangdong, guangxi, yunnan, guizhou, sichuan and other provinces.

Nandina is also grown in Japan and India.

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) uses

Medical use

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) root and stem: clear heat and dehumidify, channel and activate collaterals.For cold and fever, eye conjunctivitis, lung heat cough, jaundice, acute gastroenteritis, urinary tract infection, bruising injury.

Landscape use of Nandina

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is a common woody flower species in southern China. Due to its beautiful plants, bright fruits and strong adaptability to the environment, it has often appeared in landscape applications in recent years. Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is mainly used as a plant configuration in the garden. As a flower shrub, you can see its bright flowers and fruits. It can also be used as an indoor potted plant, or as a fruit-cut flower.

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) toxicity

Nandina (heavenly bamboo) is a toxic plant included in the Chinese Plant atlases Database. Its toxicity is toxic to the whole plant. The poisoning symptoms are excitement, rapid pulse first and then slow, irregular, blood pressure drop, muscle spasm, respiratory paralysis, coma and so on.