Written by Maggie
Mar 25 2021
Mongolian Bluebeard (Caryopteris mongholica) is a member of the Verbenaceae family.
Mongolian Bluebeard is a deciduous shrub, 1 -- 2m tall. Pollen is red. Drupe is ovoid, densely pubescent. Mongolian Bluebeard distributes in Inner Mongolia, Gansu, Ningxia, in the elevation of 1000-2400m in the mountains and dry riverbeds and other places. It is also found in Mongolia.
|Botanical Name||Caryopteris mongholica|
|Common Names||Mongolian Bluebeard|
|Sun||Full Sun, Partial Shade|
|Hardiness Zones||5 - 9|
|Flower color||Blue, Purple|
|Native Area||Inner Mongolia|
Mongolian bluebeard is a small deciduous shrub, often branching from base, 0.3 -- 0 -- 1.5 m tall; Branches are purplish brown, cylindrical, hairy, old branches hair gradually shed.
Leaf blade of Mongolian Bluebeard are thick papery, linear-lanceolate or linear-oblong, entire, rarely thinly dentate, 0.8-4 cm long, 2-7 mm wide, surface dark green, slightly hairy, abaxially densely greyish-white hairs; Petiole ca. is 3 mm.
Mongolian bluebeard cymes are axillary, without bracts and bracteoles; Calyx is campanulate, ca. 3 mm long, outside densely gray-white tomentose, deep 5-lobed, lobes broadly linear to linear-lanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm long; Corolla is blue-purple, ca. 1 cm long, short hairs on the outside, 5-lobed, larger lobes in the lower lip, fringed with fringes, corolla tubes ca. 5 mm long, with slender pubescent hairs on the throat inside the tubes; Mongolian bluebeard has 4 stamens, several equal length, and style are extended outside the corolla tube; Ovary is oblong, glabrous, stigma 2-lobed.
Capsule of Mongolian Bluebeard is elliptic globose, glabrous, petal winged.
Mongolian Bluebeard grows on arid slopes, dune wilderness, and arid alkaline soils at elevations of 1100 -- 1250 m.
Mongolian Bluebeard grows on gravel hillsides, sandy lands, and valleys in the prairie belt.
The Mongolian Bluebeard type specimens were collected from Inner Mongolia.
Mongolian Bluebeard is a short axed root plant. The root neck is buried in the soil, and the branches can give off adventitious roots under suitable moisture and temperature conditions. Lateral roots are stout, extended horizontally. The taproots begin to branch when they enter the soil at about 10cm, to adapt to the gravel soil habitat, and usually reach about l00cm. After the dormant branches, more in the middle of May around the germination of new leaves, July to August points into the blooming period, from late August to early September, the Fruit gradually mature, to late September to early October, with the decrease of temperature began to shed leaves, the plant into the dormant period. Mongolian bluebeard belongs to the xerophyte family. The associated components are common in the stony mountains and gravel slopes of the typical steppe zone, but also brought into the desert steppe zone and the eastern edge of the desert zone. They grow in the sandy land, the bottom of dry riverbed and the rock crevices on the hillside.
Mongolian Bluebeard is grown in Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia and Gansu. In Xilingol League, Wulanchabu League, Bayannaoer League, Yikezhao League, Alxa League also have, but the output is less.
Mongolian Bluebeard is distributed in the eastern part of the Mongolian Plateau, Wulanchabu, Ordos, and eastern Alxa. In China, Liaoning Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hebei Province, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Xinjiang Autonomous Region and other places of distribution; It is also found in Mongolia.
Goats and sheep only feed on its flowers, and horses only feed on its annual branches in winter and spring. Most of Mongolian bluebeard are evaluated as low feeding plants. Mongolian Bluebeard is a kind of carbon and nitrogen type forage with a nutrient ratio of L: 9.4. The flowers, branches and leaves of Mongolian Bluebeard can be used as Mongolian medicine, which has the effect of dispelling cold, dryness and dampness, strengthening stomach, strengthening body and relieving cough. The leaves and flowers also extract aromatic oils.
Mongolian bluebeard can be used as a Chinese medicine for abdominal distension pain, dyspepsia, rheumatic arthralgia, adverse urination, edema.
Mongolian Bluebeard can be cultivated in the Garden for ornamental use.