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Heliopsis helianthoides (False sunflower) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 12 2021

Heliopsis helianthoides (False sunflower) profile

Heliopsis helianthoides, commonly called rough oxeye, smooth oxeye and false sunflower, is a plant of the genus Helianthoides in the Compositae family.  

Heliopsis helianthoides picture

Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower) info

Botanical Name Heliopsis helianthoides
Common Names rough oxeye, smooth oxeye and false sunflower
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial
Sun Full
Hardiness Zones 3 to 9
Flower color White, pink, white-pink
Native Area Central and eastern North America
Mature size 3.00 to 6.00 feet high, 2.00 to 4.00 feet wide

Morphological characteristics of Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower)

Plant stem

Heliopsis helianthoides is a perennial herb; Plant height is 60-150cm, branching stem.

Leaf

The leaves of Heliopsis helianthoides are opposite, petiolate, with 3 main veins and thick teeth on the sides. Long ovate or ovate-lanceolate.

Flowers

Heliopsis helianthoides produces corymat-like, heterogenous, radiate, and beautiful inflorescences in the head; Flowers are 5 -- 7cm in diameter, liguulate broadly linear, bright yellow. Involucral bracts are 2-3 columns; Female, 1 row, fruiting or sterile, persistent on fruit; Disk flowers are bisexual, fruiting, one enclosed in inflorescences.

Fruit

Achenes of Heliopsis helianthoides are crested or have dentate margins.

Ecological habits of Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides is cold resistant, like the sun high dry environment, do not choose the soil.Heliopsis helianthoides resistance to half shade, cold, barren tolerance, strong.

Heliopsis helianthoides

Cultivation Techniques of Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower)

Water Use: Low

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade

Soil Moisture: Dry

Soil Description: Sandy soils.

Conditions Comments: An undemanding plant which provides excellent, mid-summer color. Eastern plants belong to var. helianthoides; those in the West are var. scabra.

Distribution region of Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides is native to North America from Ontario to Florida, Missouri, and Tennessee.

Heliopsis helianthoides. Helianthoides Sweet 1 species has been introduced into China and cultivated in the northwest.

Uses of Heliopsis helianthoides (false sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides can be used as Flower beds and border materials, and can be planted on roadsides, hedges, woodland grasses, or rock gardens.

Heliopsis helianthoides