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Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 22 2021

Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula) profile

Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula), also known as purging cassia, Indian laburnum, or pudding-pipe tree, belongs to the subfamily Sapanaceae. There are about 250 species of this genus in the world. Golden shower tree is the national flower of Thailand. Golden shower tree is native to southern South Asia from southern Pakistan eastward to India and Burma and southward to Sri Lanka. It is found in Burma, Sri Lanka, India, south and southwest of mainland China, and grows up to 1,000 meters above sea level. Golden shower tree is a deciduous tree, up to 22m. Petiole, or inflorescence axis without glands; Leaflets are 3--4 pairs, ovate to elliptic, 8--15 (20) cm long. The flowers grow to about 20-40 cm in pendulous axillary racemes. The diameter of the flower is about 4 to 7 cm, 5 petals free, the size is slightly equal, 10 stamens, filaments yellow curved hook, among them 3 long, 4 medium and the other 3 short for infertility. After flowering, Golden shower tree produces long clavelike non-dehiscing pods, about 30 to 60 cm long, 1.5 to 2.5 cm wide, it takes one year to ripen, the color changes from green to dark brown, each cell has one seed, oblate and brownish luster, the flesh is pitch-like black sticky, with a pungent odor. Some seeds are said to be sweet and edible, others are said to be poisonous and purgative, and the ancient Egyptians used them as a laxative. The bark contains tannins and can be used as a red dye.

Golden shower tree picture

Golden shower tree

Morphological characteristics of golden shower tree

Branch

Golden shower tree is a deciduous small or medium tree, up to 15 meters high; Branches are slender; Bark is smooth and gray when young, coarse and dark brown when old.

Leaf

Golden shower tree leaves 30-40 cm long, with 3-4 pairs of leaflets, without wings or glands on leaf axes and petioles; Leaflets are opposite, thinly leathery, broadly ovate, ovate or oblong, 8 -- 13 cm long and 3.5 -- 7 cm wide, apex short acuminate and obtuse, base cuneate, margin entire, puberulent on both surfaces when young, glabrous when old; Vein is slender, obvious on both sides; Petiole is short.

Flowers

Golden shower tree racemes are 30 cm or more, scattered, pendulous; Flowers and leaves open at the same time, ca. 4 cm in diameter; Pedicels are tenuous, 3-5 cm long, sub bracteate; Sepals are long ovate, thin, 1-1.5 cm long, reflexed when flowering; Petals are yellow, obovate, subequal, 2-2.5 cm long, with distinct veins; Golden shower tree has 10 stamens, of which 3 have long curved filaments higher than petals, 4 are short and straight with broad anthers, the remaining 3 are small, sterile, anthers longitudinal lobed.

Fruit

Golden shower tree pod is cylindrical, 30-60 cm long, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, black brown, not cracking, with 3 grooves; Golden shower tree has 40-100 seeds, separated by diaphragm.

The ecological habits of golden shower tree

Golden shower tree is light-loving, shade-tolerant, cold-resistant, adaptable to urban environments, strong wind resistance, and likes well-drained soil.

Cultivation of golden shower tree

golden shower tree propagate themselves from seeds. When the seeds are mature, pick back and mash the pericarp to take out the seeds, soak in boiled water for 3-5 minutes before sowing, take out about 10 days, spray 1 time (such as 666 powder, etc.) to eat leaves for insect control, after every 10 days spray 1 time, until transplantation. Timely weeding at seedling stage is the key to high and low seedling preservation rate. Seedlings 20 cm high for the first time, 30 -- 40 cm for the second time. Loosen the soil 2-3 times a year. Fertilizer is applied every two months from spring to fall. Pruning and pruning should be done once after flowering.

Golden shower tree propagation methods

Propagation available sowing, cutting method, spring, autumn for the appropriate period. Seedling height more than one meter to transplant. Golden shower tree is a thermophilic tree species, with sandy loam best, drainage, sunshine need good, there is frost damage and the area can not grow.

Golden shower tree

Disease & pest control of golden shower tree

Disease control

Seedling sometimes appears leaf spot disease, gray mold, available 50% methyl tobujin wettable powder 500~800 times the liquid, every 7 days spray 1 times, consecutive 3 times.

Pest control

Wax borer, Aphid and nocturne moth are harmful to young leaves and terminal buds, and can be sprayed with 50% phoxim solution 1000~1500 times, or 20% tachymethane emulsion solution 2000~3000 times.

Variety classification of golden shower tree

There are about 600 species of Cassial plants all over the world, which are distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, with a few distributed to temperate regions.More than 10 species are native to China, including more than 20 species that have been introduced and cultivated. It is mainly distributed in South China and Southwest China. Among them, there are about 15 ~ 18 kinds that can be used for medicine and glue. Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis, Cassiento officinalis.And so are important medicinal and gum plants.

The distribution area of golden shower tree

Golden shower trees are native to southern South Asia, from southern Pakistan eastward to India and Burma, and southward to Sri Lanka. It is found in Burma, Sri Lanka, India, Taiwan, and southern and southwestern China. It grows up to 1,000 meters above sea level.

Golden shower trees are cultivated in the southern and southwestern provinces of China. In the southern part of China, it is also used as ornamental trees in courtyards and parks. The products are mainly produced in Taiwan, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Haikou, Danxian, Guilin, Jingdong, Gengma, Shuangjiang, Menglian, Menghai, Jinghong, Mengmu and other places in Yunnan.

Golden shower tree uses

1) The bark of Golden shower tree contains tannin, which can extract red dye and be used for making leather and gum.

(2) Wood hard, shiny, beautiful texture, corrosion resistance;It can be used for bridges, pillars, vehicles, agricultural tools and so on.

(3) The young leaves of Golden shower tree contain vitamin C1228mg/100g, and the flowers contain 2352mg/100g (both fresh weight), which can be used as wild vegetables. Root, bark, Fruit pulp and seed can be used as anti-laxative, which has a good effect on the treatment of duodenal ulcer.

Golden shower tree