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Dwarf hardy gloxinia (Incarvillea mairei) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 03 2021

Dwarf hardy gloxinia (Incarvillea mairei) profile

Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia (Variant), scientific name Incarvillea mairei, is a perennial herb of the family Vlaveroeaceae, having no stem and a height of 30 -- 40 cm. Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia was born in alpine grassy slopes of 2500-3650 meters above sea level. Alpine flowers, corolla purplish red or pink, have good ornamental value. In addition, the roots and leaves of Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia can also be used as medicine. 

Dwarf hardy gloxinia picture

Dwarf hardy gloxinia

Dwarf hardy gloxinia info

Botanical Name Incarvillea mairei
Common Names Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia
Plant Type Perennial
Mature Size 30cm (12in)
Natural Range SW China to Nepal 2400-4500 m
Habitat sunny dry slopes
Synonyms ncarvillea compacta, Incarvillea grandiflora, Incarvillea racemose, Tecoma mairei
 

Morphological characteristics of dwarf hardy gloxinia

Leaf

The Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia (Variant) leaves are basal, with 1 pinnate compound leaves. Lateral leaflets are 2-3 pairs, ovate, terminal leaflets 2-3 times larger than lateral leaflets, broadly ovoid, apically obtuse, base slightly cordate, 11 cm long and 9 cm wide, margin obtuse, lateral leaflets subsessile.

Flowers

Racemes with 2- to 4-flowered, subapical inflorescences; Scape is 22 cm long; Pedicels are 1-3 cm long; Pedicels of Dwarf hardy gloxinia are subequal to peduncles; Dwarf hardy gloxinia has 2 bracteoles, linear, ca. 1 cm.Calyx campanulate, ca. 2.5 cm long, calyx teeth triangular, apex acuminate. Corolla is purplish red or pink, 7 -- 10 cm long, 5 -- 7 cm in diameter, corolla tube 5 -- 6 cm long, lower part yellowish, corolla lobes rounded. Dwarf hardy gloxinia has 4 stamens,2 strong, anthers of each pair of stamens by amalgamated clinging style, anthers poles divergent.

Fruit

Ovary of Dwarf hardy gloxinia is 2-loculed, ovules 1-2 rows on each placenta; Dwarf hardy gloxinia has 5 styles. 5-6.5 cm long, stigma flabellate, membranous, 2-lobed. Capsule is conical, 6-8 cm long, ca. 1 cm thick, with inconspicuous ridges. Seeds are broadly ovoid, not thickening, pale brown, less logarithmic leaflets.

The Flowering stage of Dwarf Hardy Globxinia is in spring, and fruiting stage is from summer to autumn.

Ecological habits of dwarf hardy gloxinia

Dwarf Hardy Gloxinia is native to alpine grassy slopes between 2500 and 3650 m above sea level.

Distribution of dwarf hardy gloxinia

Dwarf hardy gloxinia is distributed in Yunnan (Zhongdian, Lijiang), Sichuan and Qinghai.

Dwarf hardy gloxinia

Chemical constituents of dwarf hardy gloxinia

Dwarf hardy gloxinia contains O-hydroxybenzoic acid, Palmitic acid, Hexacosanoic acid, β-sitosterol, β-daucosterol, Oleanolic acid, Ursolic acid, Quercetin, Vincetoxicosi-DEB), p-hydroxy benzoic acid, 3-methoxy 4-hydroxy benzoic acid, Stigmasterol.

Cultivation of dwarf hardy gloxinia:

Light: part shade to full sun

Soil: well drained

Water: average to dry

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3- 9

Dwarf hardy gloxinia propagation

Dwarf hardy gloxinia propagation methods are seed and division

Dwarf hardy gloxinia main value

Dwarf hardy gloxinia can treat little postpartum milk, long sickness, weakness, dizziness, anemia.

Dwarf hardy gloxinia