Damask rose profile

Written by Maggie

Aug 31 2021

Damask rose profile

Damask rose belongs to the deciduous shrub of the family Rosaceae. Damask rose has numerous flowers and rich colors, including pink, white and light pink. The height of most varieties is about 2 m, and the root system can reach 60 cm.

Damask rose picture

Damask rose
Damask rose is one of the most beautiful roses in the world

Damask rose morphological characteristics

Damask rose is a shrub, about 2 meters high; Branchlets are usually with stout hooked prickles, sometimes mixed with bristles; Leaflets are usually 5, sparse 7; Leaf blade is ovate, ovate-oblong, 2-6 cm long, apex acute; Base of Damask rose is suborbicular, margin monserrate, glandular, glabrous above, pilose below; Petioles and axles are scattered, prickly and glandular hairy; Stipules sometimes labyrinth, mostly attached to the petiole. Flowers 6-12, into a cymbrella arrangement; Pedicels of Damask rose are slender, glandular hairs; Flower diameter. 3 -- 5 cm; Calyx tube of Damask rose has glandular hair, sepals ovate-lanceolate, apex long acuminate, glandular hair outside;Inner surface densely pilose; Petals are pinkish; Style of Damask rose is separated, hairy. Fruit of Damask rose is piriform or obovoid, red, often spiny. Damask rose distribution of origin

Damask rose is originally produced in Asia Minor, cultivated in southern Europe for a long time, for making incense raw materials, high economic value.

Damask rose propagation methods

The common propagation methods of Damask rose include cutting, dividing, laying and grafting.


The cutting methods of Damask rose include hard branch cutting, tender branch cutting and water cutting. Hard cuttings are the most widely used, cuttings are in the Damask rose leaves after the dormancy period, and can also be carried out in early spring before initiation. Cut to choose good varieties of Damask rose, with one or two years of robust branches appropriate, the requirements of normal growth, no pests and diseases. The survival rate of old twigs more than 3 years is low. The cuttings should be selected from the middle section of the Damask rose branches. The cuttings should be 15 to 20 cm long, and 2 to 3 full buds should be reserved. The top of the cuttings is cut into flat openings, and 0.5 ~ 1.0cm long sticks are kept above the buds to prevent the dry branches from affecting the germination. The lower end of the cuttings is cut into oblique mouths, cuttings are cut immediately after the cuttings, to prevent water evaporation. When cutting, cut the short cuttings vertically or slanting in the prepared seedbed, cutting depth of 8 ~ 10 cm. Early spring temperature gradually warm, inserted into the soil can be appropriate shallow, too deep root rot; Autumn and winter weather gradually cold, cutting discretion some deep, to prevent freezing damage. Cutting Damask rose spacing was about 5 cm, row spacing was about 6 cm.


Division method is a method of Damask rose propagation in which the roots and branches of the old rose plant are separated into separate new plants after being planted. The method of sowing roses is simple, the survival rate is high, and it can blossom in advance.


In the method of layering, the branches of Damask rose are buried in the soil, and new roots are grown with the nutrition of the mother plant. Then, they are cut off from the part where the new roots are grown to form rose seedlings that can grow independently from the mother plant.


The purpose of using grafting technique to propagate Damask rose is to maintain the characters of superior rose varieties and to breed new varieties. After the grafting of rose as scion to wild rose or cultivated rose, the seedling can keep the original characteristics of scion and rootstock, and influence each other.

Damask rose

How to grow and care for potted Damask rose  

The soil should be ploughed to strengthen the loose and breathable soil in the basin, which is most conducive to the growth of Damask Rose. Use sprinkles to pour water evenly into the soil, so that watering thoroughly will be more conducive to the absorption of Damask Rose roots, and will not appear the phenomenon of basin soil hardening. Damask Rose can be given liquid fertilizer once a month, which is an organic fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Generally, Damask rose should be cut when the growth of Damask rose is more vigorous, which can promote the flowering of Damask rose.

The flower language of Damask rose

Damask Rose's flowery words mean that you like your bright smile and good first love. Damask Rose is dreamy pink purple when it blossoms. This color is very dreamy, looking at Damask Rose always reminds people of their good first love.

The legend of Damask rose

First legend of the ancient Greek gods in the god of love, the Greeks like to let the god of love bless their love, and god of love naturally also has their own favorite object. But one day, the object of the god of love was kidnapped by the devil, so in order to save his partner, the god of love went down to the world and began to save the difficult road. Finally blood spilled white rose became red rose, this is the origin of Damask rose!

Damask rose