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Chinese forget-me-not (Cynoglossum amabile) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 17 2021

Chinese forget-me-not (Cynoglossum amabile) profile

Chinese forget-me-not (Cynoglossum amabile) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the genus Borris. Chinese forget-me-not can grow to 15-60 cm tall.

Chinese forget-me-not picture

Chinese forget-me-not

Morphological characteristics of Chinese forget-me-not

Chinese forget-me-not (original variety) is a perennial herb, 15-60 cm tall. Stem is single or several fascicular, densely appressed pubescent.

Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, 5 -- 20 cm long (including petiole), 1.5 -- 4 cm wide, sparse 5 cm, densely pubescent on both surfaces;

Cauline leaves of Chinese forget-me-not are oblong or lanceolate, sessile, 2-7 cm long, lateral veins extremely conspicuous.

Inflorescences are acute, branches compact, straight upward, set paniculate, bracteate;

Pedicels of Chinese forget-me-not are 2 -- 3 mm long, fruiting slightly increased; Calyx is 2.5 -- 3.5 mm long, densely pilose outside, lobes ovate or oblong, apex acute;

Corolla is usually blue, thin white, 5 -- 6 mm long, leaves 8 -- 10 mm in diameter, lobes rounded, ca. 2.5 mm long, with pronounced reticulate veins,

Larynx with 5 trapezoidal appendages, ca. 1 mm long; Filaments ca. are 0.5 mm, middle of corolla tube, anthers oblong, ca. 1 mm;

Style of Chinese forget-me-not is linear terete, subequal to calyx or shorter.

Nutlets are ovate, 3 -- 4 mm long, abaxially concave, densely anchor like spines, margins basally conjoint, with narrow or broad winglike edges,

The ventral surface of Chinese forget-me-not is triangular above the middle. 

The difference between this variety and the original variety Chinese forget-me-not is that there is a keel protuberant in the middle of the dorsal side of the nutlet, and the anchor-like spines are very rare.

Chinese forget-me-not is usually arranged on the projections of the keel, or sometimes sparsely scattered.

The ecological habits of Chinese forget-me-not

Chinese forget-me-not grows on mountain grassy slopes or pine forests at an altitude of 1400-3000 meters.

Chinese forget-me-not (original variety) hillsides grassland, mountain thickets, arid roadside and coniferous forest margins 1250-4565 m above sea level.

The west Yunnan colored glaze grass (variety) is born 2600-3600 meters above sea level on the hillside grassland, riverside roadside and under the jungle.

How to grow and care for Chinese forget-me-not 

Soil quality

Chinese forget-me-not has no high requirement for soil, suitable for weak acid, moderate viscosity, and good drainage soil.

Illumination

Chinese forget-me-not likes full or half sunshine.

Temperature

The growth temperature is 5-25 degrees Celsius, overheating is easy to grow weakly. If it is too cold, the ground will wither and enter the dormant period.

Chinese forget-me-not

Chinese forget-me-not propagation 

The southern plains summer is more difficult, usually for annual cultivation. The method of sowing is adopted for reproduction, and the ability of self-sowing is strong.

The seed of Chinese forget-me-not is larger, the resistance is good, direct seeding. The temperature should be kept at about 10 degrees for autumn sowing. Winter below -5℃ should be transferred to the greenhouse.

Chinese forget-me-not is a straight-rooted plant with enlarged metamorphous roots, which is not suitable for transplanting during the growing period.Potted plant type is OK, try to choose a deep pot.

Leaves are clustered at vegetative stage, with elongated stems only at flowering stage.

Classification of Chinese forget-me-not varieties

The genus Verbenaceae is closely related to the family Verbenaceae and the family Labiaceae, but the flowers of the family Corydaceae are radially symmetrical and the leaves alternate, obviously more primitive than the latter two families.

Chinese forget-me-not is a plant of the genus Borylum of the family Borylum of the subfamily Carpyaceae, closely related to the genera Phyllostachys and Carpylostachys.

The other common species of the genus are colored glaze grass, floret colored glaze grass, southwest colored glaze grass, large Fruit colored glaze grass, etc.

The evolutionary route of the family is tree, shrub, perennial herbaceous, biennial or annual herbaceous; Corolla white - yellow - blue - purple.

In addition, the laryngeal appendage and the anchor-like spines of the four nutlets indicate that the genus is relatively evolved in the family Caulaceae.

The distribution region of Chinese forget-me-not

Chinese forget-me-not (original variety) is native to Yunnan, western Guizhou, southwestern to southeastern Xizang, western Sichuan and southern Gansu.

Chinese forget-me-not is also found in Bhutan. The type specimens were collected from Mengzi, Yunnan. 

West Yunnan colored glaze grass (variety) produced in northwest Yunnan and southwest Sichuan.The type specimens were collected from Lijiang, Yunnan.

Chinese forget-me-not uses

Medical uses

Chinese forget-me-not is a famous medicinal plant, which uses root and whole grass as medicine, and has the functions of clearing heat and dampness, dispersing blood stasis and stopping bleeding, and relieving cough.

Chinese forget-me-not Garden use

Chinese forget-me-not is also of high ornamental value because of its dense flowers and gorgeous colors.

In garden, Chinese forget-me-not can be planted in the rock garden, lawn edge, roadside, enjoy its gray-green leaves and sky-blue flowers.

Chinese forget-me-not