Written by admin
Mar 05 2021
Bengal Trumpet, scientific name Thunbergia grandiflora, also called Bengal clockvine, Bengal trumpet, blue skyflower, blue thunbergia, blue trumpetvine, clockvine, skyflower and skyvine, is a large coarse-shaped woody vine that can reach up to 7 m in height. Bengal trumpet likes sunshine, moist soil, good drainage shelter. It can also be used as an ornamental plant.
The stem of Bengal Trumpet was stout and over 7rn long, and the whole plant was densely covered with coarse hair.
Leaves of Bengal trumpet are thick, simple, opposite, 12 -- 18cln long, broadly ovate, with 3 -- 5 palmately veined, similar to melon leaves, leaf margin angular or lobed, petiole wingless.
The flowers of a Bengal trumpet are large, axillary, stalked, many solitary, pendulous racemes, corolla 5 -- 8cm long and 7cm diameter;Leaf-shaped bracts 2, connate at first, posterior side dehiscence into Buddha flame bracts, with hairs; Calyx is degenerated, corolla funnelform, blue flowers at the beginning, light blue flowers, nearly white flowers at the end.
Capsule of a Bengal trumpet subglobose lower part, with a long beak upper part, descending like a crow's beak.
Bengal trumpet prefers warm, moist and sunny environments, not cold, but slightly shade-tolerant, but prefer well drained, moist, sandy loam. The optimum temperature for growth is 15~30℃, and the growth stops below 8℃. Bengal trumpet climbs by twining the stem and grows fast, with an annual growth of more than 4m. It has strong branching capacity and few diseases and insect pests.
Bengal trumpet propagates by cuttings. Cutting propagation pots should be planted with support or suspension cultivation. The flowers are numerous and brightly colored.
Bengal Trumpet likes a wet environment and should be watered according to the principle of "When wet, when dry, thoroughly watered". That is to dry can be watered, remember not to water.
As a matter of fact, a large quantity of fertilizer is required by a Bengal Trumpet. The principle of "frequent application of thin fertilizer" is generally followed, and should be applied every 2 weeks during the growing season.
Bengal trumpet is well adapted to the soil and prefers to grow in a loose, fertile, breathable sandy loam with good drainage.
Usually, a Bengal Trumpet is replaced biannually for the larger pot and annually in the spring for the smaller pot. Remove part of the old and over-long root system and remove the old soil to replace it with new culture soil for a Bengal Trumpet to bloom.
Bengal Trumpet likes to grow in a sunny and well-ventilated environment. The daily sunshine is not less than 4 hours, it is best to keep full sunshine.
The optimum temperature for the growth of Bengal Trumpet is generally between 18 and 28 ° C. The temperature should not be lower than 10℃.
Bengal Trumpet is native to Bangladesh, Thailand, India, and China. It is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.
The whole plant has medicinal value. The root skin of a Bengal Trumpet can be used for injuries caused by falls, fractures, menstrual abdominal pain, strain of the lumbar muscles, swelling, toxin extraction, drainage and muscle production, and gunshot injuries.
Bengal trumpet has a stout plant with a large covering area and large and dense flowers that hang down in clusters for a long period of time. It is suitable for use on large trellages, middle-rise buildings, hedges, as well as on urban castles, overpasses, etc. Bengal trumpet can not only quickly cover the building to form a green barrier, but also the unique flowers can be added to the surrounding environment, forming a beautiful landscape line in the three-dimensional greening.
Thunbergia grandiflora is not similar, but is related to other Thunbergia species among them Thunbergia alata (black-eyed Susan), Thunbergia battiscombei and Thunbergia fasciculata.
Bengal Trumpet is also similar to Thunbergia laurifolia (laurel clock vine) and quite similar to Thunbergia fragrans (fragrant thunbergia) and Thunbergia arnhemica all of which are exotic to the region.
T. grandiflora can be more easily distinguished from T. alata by the conspicuous yellow flowers which are much smaller.