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Amazon Sword Plant Profile

Written by Joy

Sep 15 2020

Amazon Sword Plant Profile

An Amazon Sword Plant is a perennial submerged aquatic grass. An Amazon Sword Plant is a taller aquatic grass, grass height 40-60 cm. An Amazon Sword Plant is a common and popular freshwater aquarium plant which is sold in aquatic plants stores today. Lovers may find that different stores sell various varieties of plants named Amazon Sword Plant because it has a large quantity of kinds in the world. One of the varieties, Echinodorus bleheri has broad leaves, while another variety, Echinodorus amazonicus, owns narrower leaves. But either way, varieties of Amazon Sword plant can be a great addition to a freshwater aquarium. Just be careful that Amazon Sword Plant may be similar plants that look slightly different. 

Amazon SwordAmazon Sword

Amazon Sword Plant morphological characteristics

Amazon Sword Plant is a erennial submerged aquatic grass. Into the plant taller aquatic grass, grass height 40-60 cm. With creeping rhizome, stem base phase Du. Leaves are basal, 10-20 rosette, long stipitate; Floating leaves are elliptic-lanceolate, lanceolate or saliform, 30-40 cm long, 2-3 (-8) cm wide, apex acuminate, entire, bright green, fleshy stiff, petiole long, coarsely spaced; Submersible leaves of amazon sword plant are needle - shaped, 30-40 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, soft, dark green. Racemose; Dioecious: florets are 10 mm in diameter, white; State three; amazon sword plant has 6-9 stamens. Amazon Sword Plant flowering period is from summer to autumn.
The Amazon Swords Crown it the place where the roots meet the stem. It's very important not to bury the crown too deeply when planting as the crown is vulnerable to rot.

Amazon Sword Plant growth habit, environment and distribution

An Amazon Sword plant may have a small, stubby rhizome. Its stems are on the short side and its leaves on the long side. Young leaves grow out from the center of the plant, unfolding from the middle. This makes the older leaves of Amazon Sword plant left on the outer layers. Young leaves are usually thin and light green when they first come out, turning thicker and darker green as the leaves grow.
An Amazon Sword Plant is pretty flexible to adapt to the environment it lives in and can do pretty well planted in aquarium gravel, but it's a better choice that you'd better loosely pack its plant substrate. Its roots will grow to be quite large and extensive, growing deep and wide throughout the tank. So make sure there is enough substrate depth to accommodate Amazon Sword plant. While planting, the Amazon Sword Plant roots are anchored well, but you'd better take care to not bury the crown. The crown of the plant should be above the substrate and visible to the eye.
It's not uncommon for some Amazon Sword plant leaves to die soon after just being put in a tank. If happening, you needn't fear. Feeders need to gently trim the dead leaves at the stem from the bottom. As long as all other conditions are proper, the plant can adapt to its new home and gradually grow new leaves.

How to buy An Amazon Sword Plant

Some things to look for: When purchasing, lovers ought to hunt for Amazon Sword plant whose leaves are long, healthy and green. And you'd better make sure they keep away from holes, cracks or brown spots. Besides, you need to try to find plants that own a great looking and robust root structure and try to avoid plants with dead or dying leaves. If Amazon Sword plant leaves are yellow, brown, or turning unhealthy, it may be a good choice to give up buying such a plant.

Amazon Sword plant varieties

(1) Amazon Crown grass, originally from Brazil. Amazon Crown  is a perennial tufted herb. With creeping rhizome, plant height is 30~50 cm, leaves are roselette, floating leaves long lanceolate, thick flesh hard, petiole long, submerged leaves long lanceolate, 30~40 cm long, 2~3 cm wide, soft leaves, dark green, small flowers, white.

(2) Echinodorus grandiflorus is native to South America, perennial tufted herbaceous, elliptic leaves, base round or heart-shaped, whole, the main vein is obvious, leathery and hard.

(3) The green crown is also known as dark crown grass, round crown.A perennial tufted herb, native to Brazil.Leaves basal, long elliptic or ovate, apical, 10 -- 15 cm long, 3 -- 8 cm wide, leathery, wavy, dark green, longitudinally veined to the tip, petiolate.

(4) Echinodorus parviflorus is native to South America, a perennial tufted herb. Plant height is 20 cm, floating leaves long and narrow lanceolate, wavy edge, 20~30 cm long, 2.5~3 cm wide, yellow-green, submerged leaves slightly long, soft, thin and curly, translucent, green. Flowerstem up to 70 cm, white flowers, yellow stamen.

(5) Echinodorus tropica is native to South America. Echinodorus tropica is a perennial fascicular herbs, long wide leaves ovate, entire, veins obvious, leaf margin undulate, green.

(6) Echinodorus osiris. Originally from Brazil, perennial fascicular herbs, plant height 30 cm, long elliptic or linear elliptic leaves, yellow-green leaves, veins and vertical obvious, wavy leaf margin, green leaves, with red halo, petiole green.

(7) Echinodorus schlueteri, originally produced in Central America. Echinodorus is a perennial tufted herbs. Leaves ovate, entire, midvein obvious, leaf surface green, with purplish red spots.Among them, the red crown grass varieties, green leaves have red spots.
(8) A mini sword plant is a freshwater aquarium plant often found in pet stores today. Often sold as a Micro Sword, it can also be called Micro Sword Grass, Brazilian Micro Sword, Copragrass, Carpet Grass or Lilaeopsis brasiliensis. A mini sword plant is a foreground plant.

Amazon Sword Plant

Amazon Sword plant cultivation

Aquarium pH: 6.5 – 7.5, and some researchers suggest that pH as low as 6.0 is acceptable.
Water Temperature: Tropical fish range, 72 – 82 Degrees Fahrenheit.
Lighting: Moderate to strong, and for between 10–12 hours per day.
In low-tech tanks, an Amazon Sword Plant will grow slowly and steadily once the plant is used to its new environment. But you'd better keep it in mind that Amazon Sword plant can grow to be 12 inches in height. And under the proper conditions, Amazon Sword plant can grow to be 18 to 20 inches. So an Amazon Sword plant is a good plant for tanks with lots of height. For smaller tanks like a 10 gallon aquarium, or tanks that don't have much height, the Amazon Sword plant will need a lot of trimming, or it can take over fast.

How to propagate amazon sword plant  

Amazon Sword Plant propagation is mainly by division method, which can be carried out all year round if the water temperature is kept at 20-26℃. The formed plants can draw out long stolons in the axils of the leaves, on which are scattered the crown grass buds, when they reach a height of 6-8 cm, the new roots can be broken off and planted. Since Amazon sword plants are submersible plants, management after division is relatively simple. The new plant that has been divided grows quickly under the condition of scattered sunlight, after half a month or so can be pumped out to give birth to new leaves, and grow up gradually. Seedling can also be raised by tissue culture method.

How to plant and care for Amazon Sword plant

1. Soil

Use lots of soil. Bottle and soil are very important before planting. The first thing to do is to choose wet soil for a potted Amazon Sword plant. Potted Amazon Sword plants love soil with a lot of water, so you must plant a potted Amazon Sword plant with enough water.

2. The temperature

The original pitcher plant grew in the wild and was extremely hardy, so it was highly adaptable to changes in temperature. Summer temperatures can survive below 35 degrees, but in colder winter temperatures, potted Amazon Sword plants begin to go dormant, and watering can be reduced at this time.

3. Water

Potted Amazon Sword Plant requires high watering requirements. Bottle plant grows in the humid environment of marshes, so water is an important source of nutrients for its growth. In the process of planting potted Amazon Sword Plant artificially, water is an indispensable element.Potted Amazon Sword plants hold a lot of water each summer and digest and consume water quickly, so in addition to daily watering, regular spray is needed to maintain the basic water content of the potted Amazon Sword plant. 

4. Trimming

If the leaves of Amazon Sword Plant become yellow and the old leaves gradually decay, attention should be paid to timely cleaning and trimming.

Amazon Sword Plant