Strelitzia Nicolai Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Oct 16 2021

Strelitzia Nicolai Care & Propagation Guide
Strelitzia Nicolai is an orchid plant. It may be familiar with its alias bird of paradise. If Strelitzia Nicolai is well raised, Strelitzia Nicolai will grow very tall. Its leaves are broad and huge. It is a tree with large leaves. The whole of Strelitzia Nicolai is a fan. The crane is also called a bird of paradise, Strelitzia Nicolai is a typical bird borne plant, which is a strange plant. Because the flowers of Strelitzia Nicolai are very like thousands of cranes, it is named Strelitzia Nicolai. Many people like Strelitzia Nicolai very much.

Strelitzia Nicolai Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Strelitzia Nicolai
Common Name Giant white bird of paradise
Varieties Strelitzia nicolai,S. reginea
Uses Offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc
Origin South Africa
Light Care Direct sun to low light
Soil Care Moist, well draining soil
Temperature Care Between 65 and 70 ºF
Humidity Care Regular misting to boost its humidity
Watering Consistent watering to keep the soil moist
Pruning Care Remove old plant matter and thin the leaves
Fertilizer Care Once every two to three weeks
Propagation Propagation should take place in early spring by severing a piece of rhizome
Toxic Considered non-toxic to humans

Strelitzia Nicolai Care in Detail

Strelitzia Nicolai Care & Propagation Guide

Strelitzia Nicolai Watering

We all know that Strelitzia Nicolai is watered differently in different periods. We must water more during its growth period. Strelitzia Nicolai grows in spring and summer every year. Generally, we need to water Strelitzia Nicolai once a day. If the weather is very hot in summer, We need to spray water on the leaves of Strelitzia Nicolai in order to keep Strelitzia Nicolai moist. The hibernation period of birds of Paradise Falls after September every year. We must pay attention to less watering during the hibernation period of Strelitzia Nicolai. Generally, we need to water every 4 to 5 days, but don't water if the weather is too cold, We must also pay attention to the timing when watering Strelitzia Nicolai. We should choose to water in the morning and evening, but we should choose to water at noon in winter.

Strelitzia Nicolai Soil

Strelitzia Nicolai also has high requirements for soil. We should use loose soil and soil rich in organic matter for maintenance. Strelitzia Nicolai's culture soil can be prepared according to this method: 3 parts of garden soil, 2 parts of peat soil or rotten leaf soil, 2 parts of coarse sand, or 2 parts of garden soil, 3 parts of peat soil, 4 parts of compost soil and 2 parts of coarse sand. In the seedling stage of Strelitzia Nicolai, the pots should be changed once a year, and the flowering plants can be changed once every 3 ~ 4 years depending on the growth. Loose soil. The soil is very soft, which is conducive to the respiration and absorption of soil nutrients by Strelitzia Nicolai roots, as well as the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai roots.

Strelitzia Nicolai Light

Some friends may have to ask, can Strelitzia Nicolai be planted indoors? In fact, we don't recommend putting large flowers indoors, such as Strelitzia Nicolai. Strelitzia Nicolai likes to grow in places with sufficient light. It can meet Strelitzia Nicolai's lighting needs by receiving more than 4 hours of light every day. I think it depends on light cooperation to absorb the nutrients it needs, so as to maintain its best growth state. However, once it is very hot in summer, we have to put Strelitzia Nicolai indoors and move out when it is not very hot. Strelitzia Nicolai needs to receive the sun's light in winter.
Strelitzia Nicolai needs a lot of light after emergence. Strelitzia Nicolai's growth is often closely related to sunlight. But Strelitzia Nicolai can't shine all day. The sun is hot in summer. So we will give Strelitzia Nicolai sunshade during summer maintenance. In autumn, the sun at noon is also hot. So it's best to shade Strelitzia Nicolai at noon. After three o'clock, when the sun is not so hot, let Strelitzia Nicolai direct sunlight.

Strelitzia Nicolai Temperature

Strelitzia Nicolai likes warm and humid environment and is not resistant to cold. It requires fertile, loose and well drained soil, which is resistant to drought and waterlogging. Strelitzia Nicolai's growth temperature is 23 ~ 32 ℃, and Strelitzia Nicolai's winter temperature generally needs more than 10 ℃, but Strelitzia Nicolai can withstand short-term low temperature above 0 ℃.
Strelitzia Nicolai also has certain requirements for temperature during growth. Generally, the temperature of crane hope orchid can not be lower than 0 ℃ when growing. When Strelitzia Nicolai grows, frostbite will occur when the temperature is lower than 0 ℃. When Strelitzia Nicolai grows, the lowest temperature cannot be lower than 10 degrees. Once it is lower than 10 degrees, the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai will stop. Therefore, when maintaining Strelitzia Nicolai in winter, we should best keep Strelitzia Nicolai warm to avoid frostbite. Crane hope orchid likes a cooler environment. Generally, Strelitzia Nicolai temperature between 15 and 25 degrees is its most suitable growth temperature.

Strelitzia Nicolai Humidity

Strelitzia Nicolai likes to grow in a warm and humid, semi sunny and semi cool environment, which is suitable for Strelitzia Nicolai. The growth temperature is between 12 ℃ and 25 ℃. Even in the cold winter, we should keep the temperature in the flower shed above 5 ℃ and not lower than 5 ℃, otherwise Strelitzia Nicolai will stop growing or cause freezing injury. Then, the soil for planting crane hope should be the same as other flowers, loose and fertile, with certain permeability, and the pH should be balanced. Especially in summer, when we water Strelitzia Nicolai, we should pay attention to the appropriate amount of water, not a lot. We can keep the Strelitzia Nicolai soil moist. As we all know, the summer house is very hot and the water evaporates quickly. In order to maintain the humidity of the surrounding environment of Strelitzia Nicolai, we can sprinkle some water mist on the leaf surface of Strelitzia Nicolai, or pour some water on the Strelitzia Nicolai flower pot to delay the speed of water evaporation, so as to make the flower shed a little cool under high temperature, This is only good for the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai, not bad.

Strelitzia Nicolai Fertilizer

The key to Strelitzia Nicolai's fertilization is to apply less fertilizer and more fertilizer. We must pay attention not to apply more fertilizer. We can use rice washing water after fermentation or soaked soybean liquid for irrigation. When Strelitzia Nicolai forms flower stems and is in full bloom, we can add an appropriate amount of calcium superphosphate to the fertilizer and water together, which will make the color of Strelitzia Nicolai flowers more gorgeous. Spring and autumn is the key period for the growth of crane hope orchid. We must pay attention to applying more fertilizer to Strelitzia Nicolai, but we also need to apply appropriate fertilizer. If we apply more fertilizer to Strelitzia Nicolai, there will be root burning, so we will lose more than we gain. The flowers we have worked hard to raise are not worth it because of a small detail, Strelitzia Nicolai needs less fertilizer in winter, because it has basically entered the hibernation period in winter and no longer needs too much nutrition. So as long as there's no problem, it's ok if we don't fertilize Strelitzia Nicolai in winter.

Strelitzia Nicolai Pruning

Although Strelitzia Nicolai has strong vitality, it still needs to supplement an appropriate amount of fertility if it wants to grow better. Generally, it is watered with a layer of fertilizer after half a month. If the number of Strelitzia Nicolai is small, the fertilizer can be watered with rice washing water, vegetable washing water, water soaked in soybeans, etc, Then, when Strelitzia Nicolai's flowers are in full bloom, it is necessary to add an appropriate amount of phosphorus and calcium fertilizer into the fertilizer and water, which is very good for the color of flowers in full bloom. Sufficient fertilizer and Strelitzia Nicolai Pruning can make the flowers of Strelitzia Nicolai grow full, bright and shiny, which is also very good for the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai. Experienced flower growers know that Strelitzia Nicolai's roots are relatively strong, so we must ensure the permeability of soil and the adequacy of fertilizer when transplanting Strelitzia Nicolai's flower pots, and then change the pots in time according to the growth rate of Strelitzia Nicolai's plants.

Strelitzia Nicolai Repotting

If we plant Strelitzia Nicolai in a small area, such as family farming, the number of Strelitzia Nicolai is certainly not large. In order to ensure the plant survival rate of Strelitzia Nicolai to the greatest extent, we usually plant it separately, and select healthy mother plants when Repotting, Then cut off the vigorous small plants from the top and deal with Strelitzia Nicolai, which can be directly planted in the flower pot. If we plant a large area, it is unrealistic to plant separately. At this time, we need to sow with seeds. After collecting Strelitzia Nicolai seeds, we should sow immediately, When sowing, pay attention to keep the surrounding temperature between 25 ° C and 30 ° C. be careful in the later maintenance and management process. Generally, Strelitzia Nicolai seeds will appear in half a month.

Strelitzia Nicolai Pest & Disease Control

Root rot

Strelitzia Nicolai is prone to root rot. we should pay attention to soil disinfection and control watering. After the disease, we should remove rotten roots and burn them, and sprinkle lime in the hole for disinfection.


Due to the blocked air, Strelitzia Nicolai is prone to scale insect damage, which can be sprayed with 1000 times of 40% dimethoate emulsion.

Strelitzia Nicolai other diseases

In high temperature in summer, the edges of Strelitzia Nicolai leaves often appear withered and yellow. Most of them are physiological diseases caused by dry air, and a few are leaf spot hazards. We can spray 65% mancozeb wettable powder 600 times for control.

Strelitzia Nicolai Propagation

Strelitzia Nicolai Care & Propagation Guide

Strelitzia Nicolai Seed Propagation

Strelitzia Nicolai can split or sow in spring. Strelitzia Nicolai can also produce seeds through artificial pollination and sow immediately after harvest. Strelitzia Nicolai will be transplanted into flowerpot for cultivation after germination and seedling will be planted when the seedling height is more than 1m.

Strelitzia Nicolai Division Propagation

Division Propagation of Strelitzia Nicolai can be carried out from February to march in early spring in combination with pot change and soil change. You can pour Strelitzia Nicolai out of the flower pot, carefully remove the old soil outside the soil block, and be careful not to break the roots of Strelitzia Nicolai. After drying in a place without sunshine for 1-2 days, when the roots of Strelitzia Nicolai become soft, you can use a knife to cut the tillering seedlings around from the roots of the root gap, so that each small cluster has 2-3 buds, and each bud has about 2-3 fleshy roots, Apply plant ash on the incision, wait for Strelitzia Nicolai to dry to form a protective layer, and then plant it again in wooden bucket, ceramic jar or white plastic deep basin. The ramet seedlings of Strelitzia Nicolai with 8-10 leaves can bloom in the winter of that year or the spring of the second year.
Strelitzia Nicolai is a typical bird borne plant, which is spread by hummingbirds weighing only 2 grams in the country of origin. Propagate by sowing and ramet method. After sowing and artificial pollination, the seeds can mature in 80 ~ 100 days. Strelitzia Nicolai seeds shall be harvested and sown in time after maturity. The suitable temperature for germination is 25 ~ 30 ℃, and it germinates 15 ~ 20 days after sowing. Ramets were carried out during pot change in early spring.
The cultivation of Strelitzia Nicolai needs loose and fertile culture soil, rotten leaf soil and a small amount of coarse sand, and the basin bottom is padded with coarse tiles to facilitate drainage, which is conducive to the growth and development of fleshy roots. Strelitzia Nicolai should not be planted too deep, subject to the absence of fleshy roots, otherwise it will affect the germination of new buds.
Sufficient water is required during the growth period of Strelitzia Nicolai in summer and the flowering period in autumn and winter, and the irrigation water is appropriately reduced after flowering in early spring. Strelitzia Nicolai is fertilized once every half a month during the growth period, especially when new leaves grow, because more new leaves lead to more flowers and branches. When the flower stem is formed to the full flowering stage, phosphate fertilizer is applied 2 ~ 3 times. After flower withering, if it is not necessary to keep seeds, the flower stems should be cut off immediately to reduce nutrient consumption. In winter, we need to remove the broken and dead leaves of Strelitzia Nicolai, so that the flowers can bloom continuously every year. We can replace the formed Strelitzia Nicolai every 2 ~ 3 years.

Strelitzia Nicolai Varieties

White Bird of Paradise

White bird of paradise is native to natal, South Africa. It is the largest species in the genus. The plant is like a palm tree, with a plant height of 10 meters, lignified stems, petiole length of 0.6 ~ 1.2 meters, leathery, bright green, shiny and arranged in a fan. The inflorescence of white bird of paradise is large, boat shaped, short stalked, the involucre is lavender, 30 ~ 40 cm long, the sepals are white, 13 ~ 20 cm long, and the petals are pure white. The flowering period of white bird of paradise is from October to November.

Red Bird of Paradise

Red bird of paradise is native to Transvaal province of South Africa and Swaziland in southeast Africa. Red bird of paradise is robust, like a tree, with a plant height of 2 ~ 5m. The leaves are large, like banana leaves, leathery. The inflorescence is large, the involucre is boat shaped, pink, the sepals are white, and the petals are pure white, which is very similar to the white bird of paradise. The flowering period is autumn and winter. Cape Province of South Africa. The plant is 1 meter high and looks like the crane hope orchid. Leaves very small, rod-shaped. The inflorescence is boat shaped, the bracts are green, the edge is red, the sepals are orange red, and the petals are blue. Red bird of Paradise blooms in autumn and winter.

Mexican Bird of Paradise

Mexican bird of paradise is native to the east coast of Natal province and Cape Town Province, South Africa. Large ornamental plants. The plant is 4 ~ 5 meters high, clumped, with leaves as big as banana leaves, petiole 1 meter long, leathery, bright green and heart-shaped base. Mexican bird of paradise has large flowers, boat shaped inflorescences, light red bracts, white sepals and light blue petals. Mexican bird of Paradise blooms from May to July.

Yellow Bird of Paradise

Yellow bird of paradise is 1.8m high with large leaves and long stalks. Yellow bird of paradise has large flowers, yellow calyx and petals, and has high ornamental value.

Strelitzia Nicolai Benefits

Strelitzia Nicolai is a tall, tall and elegant plant with strange and huge flowers. It is a high-grade landscaping plant for the beautification of courtyards and parks. It is mostly isolated in large open lawns. Strelitzia Nicolai can be potted for viewing as a large potted plant.

Strelitzia Nicolai Care FAQs

Strelitzia nicolai cats

Many curious partners asked Strelitzia Nicolai if she had any poison. I'm afraid it's because she wants to keep this plant indoors or has a pet cat or dog at home. However, flower friends may not have noticed that there are such flowers in parks in many places, so Strelitzia Nicolai is not toxic. Strelitzia Nicolai is a non-toxic plant. It is very beautiful and stylish. It can also beautify and purify the indoor environment. It is very suitable for placing in the living room, balcony or outdoor maintenance. But let's not put Strelitzia Nicolai in the bedroom. Bad light will endanger the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai.

Strelitzia nicolai indoor care

During indoor maintenance of Strelitzia Nicolai, we should pay attention to that Strelitzia Nicolai likes warm and moist climate. The optimum growth temperature of Strelitzia Nicolai is maintained at 23 ~ 25 ℃, not less than 5 ℃ in winter and 40 ℃ in summer. However, if the flower bud development stage is higher than 27 ℃, it will affect the flower bud growth and even necrosis. Burns may be caused by high temperature and strong light. The relative air humidity of Strelitzia Nicolai should be maintained at 60% ~ 70%. Strelitzia Nicolai needs deep soil layer, rich in organic matter, loose, fertile and well drained, and the pH value of Strelitzia Nicolai is 6.5 ~ 7.0.

Strelitzia nicolai growth rate

In spring, we can divide or sow Strelitzia Nicolai. Strelitzia Nicolai was transplanted into flowerpot for cultivation after germination, and then colonized when the seedling height was more than 1m. The ramet of Strelitzia Nicolai is generally carried out in the summer solstice and autumn. For the method, please refer to the ramet method of Strelitzia Nicolai. When multiple Strelitzia Nicolai plants are planted in the same place, it is more beautiful to adjust the leaf surface to the same direction. When the strong wind blows, the leaf surface is easy to be broken, so it should be planted in a shelter as far as possible. When Strelitzia Nicolai seedlings are planted, sufficient base fertilizer shall be applied. There shall be sufficient water for growth during spring, summer and autumn growth periods and autumn and winter flowering periods, and water spraying shall be used to increase air humidity. The growth period of Strelitzia Nicolai needs topdressing once every 1 ~ 2 months. During the growth of Strelitzia Nicolai, the old leaves on both sides need to be often trimmed to make its plant shape beautiful and promote plant growth and height.