Philodendron Monstera Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Jan 05 2023

Philodendron Monstera Care & Propagation Guide
Philodendron Monstera is also a popular plant recently. Many people keep a pot of Philodendron Monstera at home, which can play a good role in decorating space. In addition, it also has a sense of the root of Nordic simplicity, which is why everyone likes to keep a pot of Philodendron Monstera at home, The ornamental value of Philodendron Monstera lies in its leaves. The gaps on its leaves are like the back shell of a turtle.
The scattered gaps look different. If we buy Philodendron Monstera seedlings and plant them ourselves, we will find that the leaves of Philodendron Monstera do not have holes at the beginning. At the seedling stage, the leaves of Philodendron Monstera are actually a complete shape without many holes. We have to wait until the bamboo grows for a certain period, After the roots can provide enough nutrition, the leaves of Philodendron Monstera will gradually produce gaps and begin to have ornamental value. When maintaining Philodendron Monstera, many flower friends will find that their Philodendron Monstera has not achieved the expected results. Today, let's take a look at the maintenance skills of Philodendron Monstera.

Philodendron Monstera Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Monstera Deliciosa
Common Name Split-leaf philodendro
Varieties Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera Borsigniana
Monstera Variegata
Monstera Adansonii
Monstera Pinnatipartita
Monstera Dubia
Monstera Siltepecana
Monstera Obliqua
Uses For arthritis
Origin Tropical America
Light Care Receive medium to bright indirect light
Soil Care Consistently moist but not waterlogged
Temperature Care 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care An average humidity of 40-50%
Watering About once a week
Pruning Care Remove dry or dead leaves all year round
Fertilizer Care A balanced houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength
Propagation Commonly propagated by stem cuttings
Toxic Mildly toxic to humans

Philodendron Monstera Care in Detail

Philodendron Monstera Care & Propagation Guide

Philodendron Monstera Watering

We should ensure that the water of Philodendron Monstera is sufficient. We must always keep the culture soil moist. During summer growth, we should water it once in the morning and once in the evening. The leaf surface of Philodendron Monstera should also be watered frequently to keep the leaves bright and the air moist. In winter, the water evaporation of Philodendron Monstera is slow. We can water once every 3-4 days. Water once a day in other seasons.
Philodendron Monstera doesn't need too much water when growing in childhood. This is what we need to pay attention to. We must pay attention to when raising Philodendron Monstera. Excessive watering will lead to the failure of plants to grow gaps.

Philodendron Monstera Soil

Philodendron Monstera is infinitely close to the green rose in habits. If you don't pick much soil, ordinary garden soil can also grow live; Philodendron Monstera is quite shade resistant and weak indoor scattered light is OK; Relative drought tolerance, dry to wilt leaves and then watering can also recover quickly. Philodendron Monstera has two risk points: frostbite and rotten roots. However, because Philodendron Monstera is larger, it is more resistant to frostbite and rotten roots than green pineapple. According to rational and objective analysis, Philodendron Monstera is actually better fed than green pineapple.

Philodendron Monstera Light

Philodendron Monstera is produced in the tropics, but it is afraid of direct sunlight and drought. Otherwise, it is easy to cause dead leaves in Philodendron Monstera. We should put the turtle backed bamboo in the indoor shade, especially in summer. We try not to expose Philodendron Monstera to the sun on the balcony, so it is easy to die. When the temperature drops in winter, the sunlight can be appropriately strengthened, but the sun can not be exposed.
During the growth of Philodendron Monstera, we must give them enough light to promote back opening. Many of us put Philodendron Monstera in the living room when maintaining Philodendron Monstera. Some flower friends' living rooms are darker than others and can not provide enough light for plants. In the long run, It will make Philodendron Monstera unable to have holes in the blade due to lack of sufficient light.

Philodendron Monstera Temperature

When we conserve Philodendron Monstera, we must give different care measures to plants according to the light conditions at different times. For example, when the sun is too full in summer, in fact, we need to do some shading treatment for Philodendron monster, so that Philodendron monster can grow normally in summer, In addition, if we all don't have enough light in other seasons, we should let Philodendron Monstera accept the sun more, and we can't always put it in a dark place.

Philodendron Monstera Humidity

Under the condition of high temperature and high humidity, the stems of Philodendron Monstera are easy to germinate and take root. If we often spray and humidiate the stem of Philodendron Monstera, we can make a lot of gas roots appear.
These Philodendron Monstera grow savagely and finally take root in the basin soil, which can help absorb water and nutrients and make Philodendron Monstera grow faster and healthier. At the same time, it can also help plants resist lodging and rotten roots.

Philodendron Monstera Fertilizer

Philodendron Monstera prefers fertilization. We should pay attention to appropriate fertilization for Philodendron Monstera. During the growth period, we can apply Philodendron Monstera fertilizer once a half month. If Philodendron Monstera is fertilized sufficiently, Philodendron Monstera will grow with pleasant leaf color. Philodendron Monstera can apply fertilizer flexibly according to the growth of Phyllostachys pubescens, but avoid applying a lot of fertilizer.

Philodendron Monstera Pruning

Philodendron Monstera grows very fast. In order to avoid being too dense, we sometimes have to trim it. Moreover, the timely construction of Philodendron Monstera can also make its appearance more ornamental. Therefore, we must prune Philodendron Monstera when its branches grow too dense and long.

Philodendron Monstera Repotting

Philodendron Monstera repotting is a problem that many flower lovers ignore. They believe that everything is OK as long as the plants have sufficient water and fertilizer. In fact, Philodendron Monstera needs to change the basin once a year, which can be carried out from March to April. When changing the basin, remove part of the old soil and replace it with new soil. We can cut off the dead roots of Philodendron monster, and then add rotten organic fertilizer or phosphorus and potassium fertilizer into the basin as base fertilizer. After Philodendron Monstera repotting, the plant will have an adaptation period of 1 ~ 2 weeks, and then it will thrive.

Philodendron Monstera Pest & Disease Control

Philodendron Monstera sometimes produces pests, mainly scale insects and gray spot. If we want to eliminate Philodendron Monstera gray spot, we must strengthen plant maintenance, eliminate insects in time, cut off some diseased leaves of Philodendron Monstera, and then spray pests with 0.5% Bordeaux solution in the same amount. When we deal with the scale insects of Philodendron Monstera, we must spray them with 40% oxidized dimethoate emulsion 1000 times.
Read More:
How to Grow and Care for Monstera Obliqua Plant

Philodendron Monstera Propagation

Philodendron Monstera Cutting Propagation

The main stem of Philodendron Monstera retains 3-4 complete leaves from top to bottom and is cut off with a knife. Cut the branch 45 degrees and cut it obliquely again. Then cut off the 1-2 petioles at the bottom of the cutting branch, leaving at least one bare stem node as the rooting point.
Philodendron Monstera incision was soaked in carbendazim or potassium permanganate solution for several minutes, and then dried to prevent wound infection in water. Containers used for hydroponics should also be cleaned in advance to reduce the risk of rotten roots.
We inserted the dried Philodendron Monstera branches into the hydroponic flask. It is recommended to use an opaque fine mouth bottle, which can retain water vapor in the bottle and make the stem root faster. The water level can be added to about one finger joint without the incision. You can't add too much water, otherwise it is easy to rot. If we use a wide mouth bottle, it is recommended to wrap the bottle mouth slightly with plastic or sponge. In this way, the water vapor in the bottle will not be lost too quickly. If the bottle is transparent, it is recommended to wrap around the bottle with shading material to create a dark light environment for the root system.
For the first three days, we had to change the water for Philodendron Monstera once a day. After that, closely observe the root conditions. If Philodendron Monstera shows no signs of decay, the frequency of water change can be gradually reduced. After the root system appears, it can be changed to once a week. Do not add any nutrient solution before this. If the air is dry, spray water on the back of the blade to humidify it.
After the root system is relatively stable, the water content of Philodendron Monstera can be reduced to 1-2 times a month. Still pay attention not to submerge all roots. Keeping half of the roots hanging on the water can help the roots breathe and avoid rotten roots. And most importantly, nutrient solution must be added on schedule. A small amount of general nutrient solution can be added to the water body to turn light green or light blue. When the water body returns to transparent, it means that it can be added again. The specific frequency and dosage of Philodendron Monstera can be estimated according to the vase size and water content.
Philodendron Monstera Cutting Propagation, which have grown water and taken root, have almost no restrictions on the choice of vases. All the beautiful vases can be used for it. What kind of planting basket, what kind of glass bottle, these hydroponic routines of the last century have long been insulated from tortoise backed bamboo. We can use artistic ceramic vases as containers to create a new realm of beauty. (Read More: Monstera Root Rot - Signs & How to Treat)

Philodendron Monstera Varieties

  • Monstera Deliciosa.
  • Monstera Borsigniana
  • Monstera Variegata
  • Monstera Adansonii
  • Monstera Pinnatipartita
  • Monstera Dubia
  • Monstera Siltepecana
  • Monstera Obliqua

Philodendron Monstera Benefits

Philodendron Monstera is very benefit for Feng Shui in the living room. It can attract wealth and a steady stream of blessings. The diagonal corner of the entrance to the living room is generally the best Feng Shui wealth position at home. We can put Philodendron monster here from the perspective of Feng Shui survey, which has the best function of Attracting Wealth and reducing houses.
Philodendron Monstera would be lucky if he put it in the book. But remember that Philodendron Monstera can't be placed on the desk. Putting it on the desk will affect luck. Philodendron Monstera is large and easy to fall, so we'd better put it at the door of the study. If we want to benefit the study and career of our children, put a Philodendron monster at the door of the study.

Philodendron Monstera Care FAQs

Philodendron Monstera yellow leaf

As we all know, Philodendron Monstera likes a warm growth environment. It's winter and the temperature is low. If thermal insulation measures are not taken, it will be a disaster for Philodendron Monstera. If the temperature is lower than 5 degrees, turtle backed bamboo will be frozen. The temperature in the North has already fallen below zero. If the plants are still placed in the natural environment, The leaf tips of Philodendron Monstera will turn yellow and wither, and finally freeze to death.
If Philodendron Monstera turns yellow due to freezing, we should take thermal insulation measures for the plant in time. If we want the plant to grow normally, we can control the indoor temperature above 15 degrees. If we want the plant to go into dormancy, we can control the room temperature between 5 and 15 degrees.
Before winter comes, we should reduce the amount of watering for Philodendron monster a, enhance the cold resistance of the plant, and put the plant in a heated room for maintenance, so as to avoid freezing and let Philodendron monster a survive the winter safely.
When we plant Philodendron Monstera, if we use cohesive soil, the soil is loose and aeration is poor, and the root system of the plant cannot grow well in the anoxic environment, so the ability to transport water and nutrients will decline, the leaves will not get enough water and fertilizer, and the leaves will turn yellow due to lack of nutrients.
If the yellowing of the leaf tip is caused by the hardening of the soil and poor air permeability when planting Philodendron Monstera, the first thing to solve this problem is to replace the plant with loose, breathable and well drained soil. When changing pots and soil, prune the plant roots and cut off rotten and diseased roots.
When planting Philodendron Monstera, we must prepare soil according to its growth habits. The prepared basin soil must meet the characteristics of looseness, air permeability and good drainage. We can prepare garden soil, cinder and rotten leaf soil in the ratio of 2:1:1, and add a portion of fermented chicken manure, sheep manure ball or cake fertilizer to the prepared soil, Such soil is not only loose and aerated, but also full of fertility, which is conducive to the growth and development of Philodendron Monstera.
Philodendron Monstera enters dormancy in winter. The plant grows slowly and consumes very little water. If it is watered as much as in other seasons, it will cause soil ponding, which will cause rotten roots. On the leaves, the leaf tips of Philodendron Monstera turn yellow.
If there is water in the soil, first we should tilt the flowerpot, pour out the water in the soil, and then put the flowerpot in a ventilated and dry place to promote water evaporation. If the ponding is serious, the quickest and effective solution is to replace the plant with new soil and replant Philodendron Monstera with trimmed roots to solve the problem of ponding in basin soil.
Philodendron Monstera likes a humid growth environment and can be watered more in the growing season. However, in winter, we should control the water to keep the soil slightly dry and avoid ponding in the basin. When culturing Phyllostachys pubescens in the heating room, we can replenish water by spraying water and wipe the leaves with a wet cloth, which can not only replenish water for the plants, but also make Philodendron monster clean and tidy and improve the ornamental value.
The sunlight is weak in winter. In addition, Philodendron Monstera is maintained indoors, so the plants have little chance to see light. If the leaves lack sunlight, photosynthesis will be blocked, and the leaves will turn yellow due to the lack of chlorophyll.
The leaf tip of Philodendron Monstera is yellow due to lack of light. In order to revitalize the leaves, it is necessary to supplement light to the plants and put Phyllostachys pubescens on the indoor balcony for maintenance, because the balcony has sufficient sunshine, which is conducive to the photosynthesis of the leaves.
Philodendron Monstera is a plant with strong negative tolerance, but its growth also needs certain light. In summer, we should shade the plant to avoid strong light exposure and burning the leaves. In spring, autumn and winter, it shall be maintained in places with scattered light, especially in winter. The plants shall be maintained on the windowsill or balcony near the south, so as to let Philodendron monster bask in the sun as much as possible, which can not only prevent the leaves from turning yellow, but also help the plants survive the winter.
Adequate nutrition is conducive to the growth and development of Philodendron Monstera, but fertilization should be controlled in winter, because the plant growth is slow at this time. If fertilization is too much, it will cause fertilizer damage, root damage and yellowing of plant leaf tips.
If we fertilize Philodendron Monstera too much and the root system of the plant is burned by the fertilizer, we must find a way to remove the excessive fertilizer in the soil in order to pull the bamboo from the death line. The first way is to irrigate the Philodendron Monstera basin soil, let the fertilizer flow out with the water, and then put the flower pot in a ventilated place to promote water evaporation. The second method will directly replace the new soil, but the indoor temperature must not be controlled above 15 degrees in winter to prevent plants from freezing. After changing the pot, you can quickly take the pot.
During the growing season of Philodendron Monstera, we can apply fertilizer to the plants every half a month, such as fermented chicken manure, sheep manure, bean cake, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizer, or fermented rice washing water. However, we should apply thin fertilizer, especially in winter, to prevent fertilizer from burning roots.
Although fertilizer control is required for maintenance of Philodendron Monstera in winter, due to the lack of iron in the soil, the synthesis of chlorophyll in the leaves will be blocked, resulting in yellowing of the plant leaf tips.
If the leaf tip turns yellow due to the lack of iron in Philodendron Monstera, it is necessary to timely supplement the fertilizer containing iron to Phyllostachys pubescens. We can spray 0.1% ~ 0.3% ferrous sulfate solution on the leaf surface of Philodendron Monstera to promote the leaf to return to normal.
When we propagating Philodendron Monstera, the fertilization must be balanced. In addition to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, we should also apply fermented cake fertilizer water and rice washing water, and spray ferrous sulfate on the leaves. Only when the nutrition is comprehensive, can Philodendron Monstera grow vigorously and prevent the yellowing of the leaf tips. (Read More about saving yellow leaves of Monstera.)

Monstera philodendron cats

Although Monstera Philodendron has slight toxicity, it can not stop people's love for turtle backed bamboo. Because Monstera Philodendron is different from other plants, it absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen at night, so it is called a natural scavenger. The most suitable home placement is the bedroom with scattered light. But you have to be careful. It's best not to let your pet cat get close to monster Philodendron.

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