Passion Vine & Passion Flower - Grow and Propagation

Written by Ivy

Nov 11 2021

Passion Vine & Passion Flower - Grow and Propagation
The flowers of Passion Vine(Passiflora) are huge, light green and contain many aromatic substances. They can be processed into fruit juice. It is a highly ornamental and practical plant. How should passion vine be propagated? What should we pay attention to?

Passion Vine Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Passiflora
Common Name Maypop,Purple Passionflower,Wild apricot
When to Grow/Bloom/Harvest Grow in spring or early fall while it's still warm/Blooms spring through fall/Be harvested in the mid to late summer months while the plant is in bloom
Uses For anxiety, including anxiety before surgery
Origin Southeastern United States
Light Care In full sun to partial shade
Soil Care Moderately fertile, well-drained but reliably moist soils
Temperature Care Between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care Around 60% relative humidity
Watering Deep watering immediately after planting
Pruning Care Carry out renovation pruning in spring by cutting back the stems
Fertilizer Care Balanced, general-purpose fertilizer
Propagation Take cuttings in early spring
Toxic Poisoning
Flower Color Blue or purple blooms

Passion Vine Care in Detail

Passion Vine & Passion Flower - Grow and Propagation

Passion Vine Watering

Passion vine has strict requirements for water. It is afraid of both ponding and drought. If passion vine is short of water when flowering and fruiting, it will lead to small fruit, quality decline and fruit drop.

Passion Vine Soil

Passion vine has strong adaptability and does not have strict requirements on soil. It can be planted in front of and behind the house, in the mountains and on the roadside. However, passion vine grows best in the soil rich in organic matter, loose, deep soil layer and good drainage.

Passion Vine Light

Passion vine is a tropical and subtropical plant. It likes a sunny and sunny living environment. Therefore, we'd better plant passion vine in a sunny place. For family breeding, it should be placed on the windowsill facing south.

Passion Vine Temperature

The suitable growth temperature of passion vine is 20-30 ℃ (15-25 ℃ for some varieties). When the temperature is above 30 ℃ or 15-20 ℃, the growth is slow, and the growth basically stops when the temperature is below 15 ℃. No obvious cold damage is found at the low temperature of 12-8 ℃, slight cold damage occurs to the tender buds below 8 ℃, the leaves and vine tender shoots dry at 5 ℃, and frost below 0 ℃ will cause the death of the tree crown.

Passion Vine Humidity

Passion Vine likes to grow in a wet substrate. It is appropriate to keep the basin soil moist during the peak growth season. When flowering and fruiting, it is necessary to ensure sufficient water. Watering should be strictly controlled after flowering. In high temperature season, it is also necessary to keep the air humidity at about 75-80%. In winter, the amount of water should be gradually reduced.

Passion Vine Fertilizer

The fruit of passion vine in autumn and winter is blocked due to dry weather, dry climate and large temperature difference between day and night. The fruit is thin and the yield decreases. If we ensure that passion vine has sufficient supply of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer in autumn and winter, we can enhance the drought resistance and adaptability of Passiflora plants to the large temperature difference between day and night. The specific methods are as follows:  we can apply phosphorus and potassium fertilizer to the root of passion vine every 15 ~ 20 days in autumn and winter, 2 ~ 3 times continuously, 50 ~ 60g diammonium phosphate and 25 ~ 30g potassium nitrate per plant each time, Add 2 ~ 3kg of clean water or biogas slurry or retting rotten human and livestock manure water or spray it, or spray 25 ~ 30 times of calcium superphosphate mixed with dry and pure plant ash, or spray 300 ~ 500 times of potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution, spray 1.5 ~ 2kg per plant each time, and evenly spray it in the soil around the root of Annona sativa plant. In addition, we also need to spray 300 ~ 500 times of potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution on the leaf every 10 ~ 15 days, continuously spray it for 3 ~ 5 times, and evenly wet all leaves, flower buds and fruits, so as to start dripping water droplets.

Passion Vine Pruning

In summer, passion vine pruning is generally carried out between June and September. For passion vine pruning plants with many branches, we can prune them after fruiting and short cut their fruiting branches, which can make their new branches stronger and stronger. In summer, the advantage of passion vine pruning is that it can avoid too long and dense branches of passion vine, and reduce nutrient consumption and poor flower flowering.
In winter, passion vine pruning is carried out after the harvest of winter fruits, usually in the middle and late February or the first ten days of March. Winter pruning is mainly heavy pruning. The main branches of passion fruit are short cut, leaving only 30cm-60cm, and the rest are cut off, so that passion vine can grow again and recover rapidly in spring. The advantage of passion vine pruning in winter is that it can reduce the pathogens of diseases and pests, and the cut ones need to be destroyed in time.

Passion Vine Repotting

Potted plants need passion vine repotting once a year, and each time they need to change a larger container. The older passion vine can change the basin every few years. In order to control the plant type, passion vine for potted conservation should be properly trimmed after it gets cold in autumn, leaving only branches with a length of about 40 ~ 50 cm at the bottom of the rhizome, Passion vine repotting is still needed after warm spring.

Passion Vine Pest & Disease Control

1. Root rot

In the process of breeding passion vine, if it is watered too much and the soil has poor air permeability, it is easy to suffer from root rot. the root system will gradually wither and turn black in the later stage, seriously endangering the health of the plant. For this passion vine disease, we need to use 40% sodium disulfonate wettable powder to irrigate the diseased plants, and spray 70% tobuzin every 3 ~ 5 days.

2. Anthrax

When passion vine suffers from anthrax, it will endanger the leaves and fruits of the plant, and the leaves will gradually form disease spots. We need to spray 25% prochloraz EC at the time of onset, once every 7 days or so, and spray it continuously for about 3 times, which can effectively treat this disease.

3. Mosaic disease

Among the diseases and control methods of passion vine, there is also mosaic disease. When passion vine is infected with mosaic disease, the leaves will gradually turn into yellow patterns, and will gradually fall in serious cases. In the early stage of the disease, you can use 300 times of 5% Junduqing wettable powder and spray it every other week in combination with aphid killing agent, Continuous spraying for about 2 times can effectively treat this disease.

4. Leaf spot

The disease of passion vine is usually caused by poor ventilation and maintenance, and the plant is infected by fungi. The leaves of this disease of passion vine will appear brown spots, which is also very harmful to the plant. Once the plant is found to have this disease, it needs to be trimmed in time and sprayed with multi bacteria elixir for disinfection and sterilization.(Find more Climbing Plants with Flowers here.)

Passion Vine Propagation

Passion Vine & Passion Flower - Grow and Propagation

Passion Vine Propagation from Cutting

Passion Vine propagation from cutting is generally carried out with branches with green leaves. It can be carried out in northern greenhouses all year round or in autumn. Generally, family breeding can be carried out in July and August. In passion vine cutting propagation, we select mature and full branches and vines as materials. Two or three branches are the best for each cuttings. The lower incision should be 1 cm away from the internode and the upper incision should be 2 cm above the terminal bud, so it is easiest to take root. If there are few materials, one section can be cut as cuttings, but it is slow to take root.
Before passion vine cutting propagation, we need to promote the rooting of cuttings, and soak the lower part of cuttings with indole butyric acid 3000 to 10000 times solution for 30 seconds to 2 minutes. The matrix of passion vine cutting propagation can be obtained by mixing 20% to 30% of burned soil with 70% to 80% of loose and fertile garden soil or paddy soil. When cutting plants, we keep half of the cuttings to one leaf and cut off all the tendrils, which is conducive to saving nutrients.
When cutting in, the lower part of the cuttings is inserted into the soil to take root. The insertion depth should reach about two-thirds of the length of the cuttings, leaving the upper part of a bud to germinate and grow branches. The first watering must be thoroughly watered, and then watering shall be kept wet according to the weather conditions. After 30 days, the seedling rate can reach more than 85%.
After passion vine cutting propagation, we should maintain the humidity of the seedbed, raise seedlings in small arch shed or greenhouse with plastic film, and spray water every day to maintain the humidity. We should also pay attention to the cold protection of the seedbed in winter and early spring. For the cold protection of seedling raising in small arch shed or greenhouse with plastic film, the plastic film should be covered in the rest of the time except that it needs to be opened for heat dissipation in sunny days.

Passion Vine Propagation from Seeds

Passion vine singing propagation can be carried out all year round, but it is better to sow in spring and autumn. Generally, the plants with strong growth, no diseases and pests, high and stable yield are selected as the mother plant. The fruits with correct shape, slightly heavy and fully mature are collected. The seeds are taken out, washed away and dried before sowing. Before sowing passion vine seeds, we can mix them with carbendazim for about 20 minutes, then spread the passion vine seeds evenly on the seedbed, cover it with a thin layer of grass, drench enough water, and transplant them when the seedlings grow 4 real leaves.(Find more Vine Plant Indoor here.)

Passion Vine Benefits

Passion vine is a perennial evergreen climbing woody vine. The passion fruit we often eat refers to its fruit, which is mostly round or oval, green when immature and yellow or orange when mature. Passion vine not only has edible fruit, but also has large and strange flowers. It is planted in the courtyard and balcony, which is both edible and ornamental.
Passion fruit has rich aroma, sweet and sour taste, can generate saliva, quench thirst, refresh and refresh the brain. After eating, it can enhance appetite, promote digestive gland secretion and help digestion. Moreover, passion can also have a good effect on reducing cholesterol, and has a good improvement effect on vitamin and carotene supplementation.
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