Title

How to Grow and Care for Wisteria Vine 2021

Written by Ivy

Nov 11 2021

How to Grow and Care for Wisteria Vine 2021
Wisteria Vine is a very good Liana flower plant. Wisteria Vine has been used as a garden scaffold plant since ancient times. Purple flowers are very beautiful. Wisteria Vine is a long-lived tree species, which is very popular. Wisteria Vine has many flowers, and its stems and vines are curved and extended.

Wisteria Vine Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Wisteria
Common Name Wisteria Sinensis, Chinese Wisteria
When to Grow/Bloom/Harvest Plant in the spring or fall/Wisterias normally bloom in early May
Uses Tea substitute
Origin China, Korea, Japan, Southern Canada, the Eastern United States, and north of Iran
Light Care Full sun
Soil Care Deep, rich soil
Temperature Care Withstand temperatures down to around minus 20 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care High humidity
Watering Water early in the morning and evening
Pruning Care Prune the long shoots regularly
Fertilizer Care Low-nitrogen product
Propagation Propagate with cuttings
Toxic Poisonous
Flower Color White, lavender-blue, lilac, pink, mauve, purple, lilac, to rich pink

Wisteria Vine Care in Detail

How to Grow and Care for Wisteria Vine 2021

Wisteria Vine Watering

Wisteria has strong drought resistance, but it loves the humid growth environment. Don't pour too much water on Wisteria flowers during maintenance. Root rot will occur. We should determine the watering frequency and water amount according to the dry and wet conditions of the soil.

Wisteria Vine Soil

The root system of Wisteria Vine is very deep, especially the main root, but its root system is small, so the survival rate of transplantation is not high. In the process of transplantation, Wisteria Vine soil should be as deep as possible. Wisteria Vine has strong tolerance, and Wisteria Vine can also adapt to the acidity and alkalinity of the soil, but fertile soil and good drainage soil will make it grow better. When we plant Wisteria Vine in the open air, we must first build a scaffold. If we plant it in an ordinary basin, we should plant the plants in the middle of the basin.

Wisteria Vine Light

Wisteria vine is a warm tropical plant. It likes a growth environment with good light and has some ability to resist shade and cold, so it doesn't need to pay special attention to the problem of light, just general light. Wisteria vine is also very adaptable to the climate, can withstand high and low temperature changes, and can grow normally even at a temperature of about zero degrees.

Wisteria Vine Temperature

Wisteria has strong adaptability to the climate. It is resistant to cold and heat. It is planted in many areas. The suitable climate temperature is cool and humid. It grows well at 5-15 ℃. The following is a specific introduction to the adaptation of Wisteria to the climate, which is convenient for growers to understand it. If the temperature is not lower than 0 ℃, wisteria can survive the winter safely. Many parks and street green belts are planted with wisteria, which has become a beautiful landscape. Growers can keep the plants warm during the winter season and make the soil relatively wet. Wisteria can remain dormant for vigorous growth in the coming spring.

Wisteria Vine Humidity

Wisteria has a deep taproot, so it has strong drought resistance, but likes wet soil. However, it can't let the root soak in water, otherwise it will rot.

Wisteria Vine Fertilizer

During planting Wisteria flower, we usually apply compound fertilizer twice or three times a year to it to better ensure its growth, and apply a small amount of nitrogen and calcium phosphate before sprouting.

Wisteria Vine Pruning

In the summer around July, a light cut should be carried out for Wisteria flowers, cut off the withered residual flowers on the plant, and cut off the withered old branches on it. Because it can bloom twice, pruning after the first Flower can help the plant save nutrients, which is very good for its second flowering.
Wisteria will enter dormancy in winter, and all flowers and leaves will fall off, so it is very convenient to trim branches. At this time, we need to carry out Wisteria vine pruning. Only 2-3 buds are reserved on each branch, and the other buds need to be cut off. In addition, the twigs and lateral branches that do not grow vigorously on the plant should be cut off. This can reduce the consumption of nutrients, and let the plant concentrate nutrients on the remaining branches to ensure that enough flowers can bloom.
When we carry out Wisteria vine pruning in summer, if there are flower buds on the plants, be careful not to hurt them. They are fragile and will fall off when touched, so be careful when operating. After Wisteria vine pruning in winter, we should put the plant in a place with a temperature between 5-10 ℃. At this time, it is in dormancy. Putting it in such an environment is more conducive to its dormancy and is very good for its growth and flowering in the coming year.

Wisteria Vine Repotting

The season of Wisteria vine repotting is in early spring or late autumn. When new buds do not germinate in early spring, it can be changed in pots. In this way, the temperature rises slowly after changing pots, and Wisteria vine repotting will soon adapt to the new environment, resume growth, and will not affect flowering. If we want to give Wisteria vine repotting at the end of autumn, we have to wait until after the flowering period and before freezing. At this time, there is enough time to change the pot, and the growth will resume normally after the temperature rises in the spring of the coming year.( Find more Climbing Plants with Flowers here.) 

Wisteria Vine Pest & Disease Control

Whitefly

Among the diseases and insect pests of Wisteria flower, Bemisia tabaci is a very harmful pest. It will gradually absorb the juice of the plant and lose its nutrients. It also injects toxins into plants, gradually affecting the respiratory and photosynthetic symptoms of plants, and eventually leading to plant wilting.
Wisteria vine disease control: whitefly has strong reproductive ability and must be treated as soon as possible. Generally speaking, we can eat 25% dichloromethane and 1000 times emulsified oil to kill it directly.

Scale

Scale insects are pests that occur during the growth of many plants. Wisteria is no exception. Among the diseases and insect pests of wisteria, it mainly feeds on the leaf and stem juice of Wisteria. It will gradually suck the juice, leading to the gradual loss of nutrition and finally atrophy of Wisteria. Phenomenon.
Wisteria vine disease control: we can use 40% EC to kill this pest. Generally speaking, it can be sprayed three times continuously to eliminate pests.

Soft rot

Soft rot is a disease caused by fungi. In the early stage of the disease, the leaves of Wisteria will gradually wither, and there are many water spots on the stem. The color is light yellow and will give off a lot of odor. Finally, it will gradually lead to plant decay to death, which can be seen in Wisteria. Among diseases and pests, this disease is still very harmful.
Wisteria vine disease control: spray Wisteria flower with 38% copper cuprate under 800 times dilution. Usually we can spray once every 5-7 days, and basically recover after 1-2 times.

Leaf spot

Leaf spot is one of the most common diseases in Wisteria flowers. There are many black spots on the leaves of wisteria, which will gradually spread over time, eventually leading to the gradual yellowing of leaves and the gradual death of plants.
Wisteria vine disease control: in the prevention and control of this disease, we can use 1000 times of 50% carbendazim to spray the diseased plants. Generally, we can spray it once every 7 ~ 10 days and basically recover after 2-3 times.

Wisteria Vine Propagation

How to Grow and Care for Wisteria Vine 2021

Wisteria Vine Propagation from Cutting

The cuttings we selected in Wisteria vine propagation from cutting should use hard branches. Before the plant germinates in March, select strong branches 15 cm long and growing for more than one year, and then insert two-thirds of the cuttings into the prepared matrix. We can spray water after Wisteria vine cutting propagation, strengthen management, keep the matrix moist, and improve the survival rate. When cutting, the plant can grow to about 20 to 50 cm, and can be out of the nursery in two years.
For the branch of Wisteria vine taken from the big pole, we can use the art knife to trim the wound to a smooth and hairless mouth. Apply wound healing agent to the top wound. The bottom wound was naturally dried for about 12 hours. In the meantime, we can use spray to keep wiping the wisteria backbone for 3 to 5 times.
In Wisteria vine cutting propagation, we first wrap the trunk with fresh-keeping film, and then use freshwater river sand for cutting. Danshui river sand is clean, free of impurities, loose, breathable and good drainage. The temperature difference between day and night is also large, which is conducive to the repair of wounds and the induction of new roots as soon as possible. The big Wisteria stem after cutting can be directly maintained in the position with bright light (no direct light) and maintain good ventilation. The curing position shall be controlled between 18 and 28 ℃. The air humidity reaches above 55%.
Then we can directly pour root setting water on the plants completed by Wisteria vine cutting propagation, let the flowers sprinkle on the flowerpot, water at multiple angles, and let the water flow slowly penetrate the whole flower soil. We can spray the main trunk every day, spray it around the flowerpot and control the high humidity in the small environment. In the later stage, watering shall be conducted according to the dry and wet conditions of the soil in the flowerpot, so as to achieve "if it is not dry, it will be thoroughly watered".
In about 20 days, wisteria can not start sprouting. Use an embroidery needle to break the film at the sprouting position, so that the new buds can be exposed to fresh air. Using bagging method, when Wisteria sprouts about 2 cm, the plastic bag can be removed.
About a month later, only the newly grown buds did not shrink and wither. It is basically determined that cutting Wisteria has survived. At this time, a thin fertilizer application can be carried out, and organic fertilizer and water with lower solubility than usual can be used to irrigate the flower soil, supplement the nutrients of wisteria, and promote the growth of concealed buds and lateral buds.

Wisteria Vine Propagation from Seeds

The sowing season of Wisteria vine seeds should be in the beginning of spring. At this time, the temperature has just risen, everything is Fusu, and there is sufficient rain and heat, which provides a good environment for seed germination. Before conducting Wisteria vine sleeping propagation, we need to peel the seeds and soak them in warm water for 24 hours to fully absorb water and completely wake up from dormancy. The soil of Wisteria vine sowing propagation should not be too hard. It needs to be loosened and planted in shallow soil, so as to drill out of the soil after seed germination. Finally, if there are pests, we need to kill them in time.

Wisteria Vine Varieties

  • Japanese Wisteria
  • Chinese Wisteria
  • Silky Wisteria
  • American Wisteria
  • Kentucky Wisteria

Wisteria Vine Benefits

Wisteria is very tenacious. It can grow in temperate and tropical regions and adapt well to the environment. It can bear both cold and hot. The winding force of vines is very strong. As long as there is something that can be wound, it can tenaciously face the object, and it can strangle other plants.
Wisteria is also a little expert in protecting the environment. It has strong resistance to sulfur dioxide and hydrogen oxide. It can increase oxygen and green environment and reduce noise. At the same time, wisteria can be eaten. In some places, "Wisteria cake" and "Wisteria porridge" are made with Wisteria. Wisteria has a long growth speed and life span. It is very suitable to plant a tree in your small and medium-sized yard, put a flower rack on it, wait for it to grow into a flower Gallery, and add a poetic and picturesque flavor to your yard.
Read Next:
Top 20 Climbing Plants with Flowers for Your Garden