Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) is a climbing rose native to fields, shrubs, farms, and low-altitude mountains in China. Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) was first brought to the United States in the early colonial era. This is an evergreen (in mild climates) climber that grows from 6 to 20 feet long on arched stems with hooked spines. It can also be planted as a sprawling independent shrub. The stem is covered with three-leaved dark green leaves with coarsely toothed leaflets. Single fragrant white flower with fan-shaped petals and yellow stamens, blooms for a few weeks in spring.
How to Grow Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata)
Steps for Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) Propagation with Seeds
Rose seed often takes two years to germinate. This is because it may need a warm spell of weather after a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seedcoat. One possible way to reduce this time is to scarify the seed and then place it for 2 - 3 weeks in damp peat at a temperature of 27 - 32°c (by which time the seed should have imbibed). It is then kept at 3°c for the next 4 months by which time it should be starting to germinate. Alternatively, it is possible that seed harvested 'green' (when it is fully developed but before it has dried on the plant) and sown immediately will germinate in the late winter. Seed sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame sometimes germinates in spring though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be sown as early in the year as possible and stratified for 6 weeks at 5°c. It may take 2 years to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in the summer if the plants are more than 25cm tall, otherwise grow on in a cold frame for the winter and plant out in late spring.
Steps for Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) Propagation with Cuttings
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July in a shaded frame. Overwinter the plants in the frame and plant out in late spring. High percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth. Select pencil thick shoots in early autumn that are about 20 - 25cm long and plant them in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame. The cuttings can take 12 months to establish but a high percentage of them normally succeed. Division of suckers in the dormant season. Plant them out direct into their permanent positions.
How to Care for Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata)
Consider planting on a south-facing, sunny, sheltered wall. While they will tolerate partial shade, the Cherokee Rose flowers (Rosa laevigata
) thrive and resist disease in full sun.
While planting a garden plant, any passionate gardener should know the type of soil needed. Cherokee Rose soil type is Loam, Sand and the pH of soil is Acidic, Neutral. Different type of garden plants needs different type of soil. Also, some plants can be grown in a wide range of soil, so it is important to find the pH of soil. While planting, find Cherokee Rose Information where you will know everything about its leaf and flower color. According to plant season, the temperature requirements also differ. Another important characteristic of plant soil is the amount of water it should hold. Compare other garden plants for soil drainage and also share interesting Cherokee Rose Facts with other plant lovers. Sunlight is one of the essential factors for the growth of garden plants. In Cherokee Rose season find the kind of sunlight require for it and decide the location to plant it. Different types of sunlight that plants need include full sun, partial sun, partial shade,etc.
Water a Cherokee rose in months with little rainfall. The leaves will turn yellow and wilt if they need watering. Place a soaker hose in a circle around the shrub about two inches inside the mulch ring. Turn the hose on low and water the mulch thoroughly with about 1 inch of water. One inch of water wets the soil to a depth of 12 inches. Depending on your type of soil, it can take from 30 minutes to 10 hours to obtain this level. When the water starts running off the edges of the mulch, the soil is no longer accepting the water and you can turn it off.
Feed Cherokee Roses a balanced fertilizer like 10-10-10 when there are signs of new growth in early spring; feed again after the buds have set. Likely the fertilizer will come in granules. Spread them on the ring of mulch, following the directions on the package. Do not drop fertilizer on the trunk. Use a garden hose to water the fertilizer in thoroughly, until the granules dissolve.
Prune a Cherokee rose after the flowers are spent and the hips are dry in the late summer to fall. Put on leather gardening gloves to protect your hands from the sharp thorns. Hold a branch to prune with long tongs so as not to touch the thorns. Snip the branch off with pruning shears in the other hand. Prune the shrub back to the area that it should occupy. Remove the sides first to fit your trellis or fence line and then trim the top horizontally to your desired height.
Pests and Diseases
Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata
) is generally not susceptible to the disease and insect pests that attack many of the hybrid roses. Insect pests include aphids, beetles, borers, scale, spider mites, thrips, rose midges and leafhoppers. Potential disease problems include black spot, powdery mildew, and rust. To prevent foliar diseases avoid overhead watering and promote circulation promotes. Remove and destroy diseased leaves from plants, and from the ground around the plants both during the growing season and as part of a thorough cleanup during the dormant season. Will spread aggressively in certain parts of the southeastern U. S.
Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) FAQ
What is Cherokee Rose used for?
Cherokee Rose Fruit is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb used as a health tonic, secure essence, decrease urination, stop vaginal discharge and astringe intestines to stop diarrhea. Cherokee Rose Fruit support the digestive system, boost the immune system, promote circulatory health and benefit the skeletal system.
Is Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata) Poisonous?
There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.
Cherokee Rose flowers bloom in the early spring, but favorable conditions will produce the flowers in the fall of the year, a second flowering of this hardy plant. The Cherokee Rose flowers have a clove-like fragrance.