Written by Maggie
Jan 12 2021
Bird of paradise, evergreen, unique plants, long petiole has a sense of elegance, is the best indoor ornamental varieties. In the following, we'll introduce the propagation methods of Bird of paradise.
Birds of paradise can only obtain new plants by division propagation. In order to make Bird of paradise germinate more lateral buds, conducive to plant division, planting should pay attention to appropriate shallow planting, let the root neck of the plant slightly higher than the pot soil is good. In this way, lateral buds can occur every year, and planting can be carried out in June to July when there is high temperature and humidity. Next is the steps of propagating Bird of paradise by plant division.
Bird of paradise mother plants should be selected tillers, neat leaves, no pests and diseases of robust adult plants. For the mother plant used for the whole plant to pick up the ramets, the plants with more than four buds and a total number of leaves of not less than 16 should be selected for more than three years of growth. The plants with more tillers with roots can be selected for potting after dividing.
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It can be planted in greenhouses from May to November. The best time is from May to June. Field seedlings for potted, the appropriate time for May - June.
That is, the whole plant dug up the ramets. After several years of cultivation of Bird of paradise due to plant density mutual influence growth, reduce the amount of flowers, and not ventilate vulnerable to diseases and insect pests. At this time it can be a part of the plant as the mother plant sub-plant propagation, should be left poor dig excellent or poor dig excellent. Our experience is that we should dig for the best and keep the bad ones, and then strengthen management. Dig the whole cluster of plants from the soil (with more roots as far as possible), carefully remove the old soil and peel off the old leaves. After the root system, buds and the gap between buds can be clearly distinguished, the cutting point should be selected reasonably according to the plant size on the premise that there are 2-3 shoots in each cluster. Divide the mother plant into 2-3 clusters from the gap between the roots and stems with a sharp knife. Minimize root damage to restore plant growth. The incision should be stained with plant ash and dried in a ventilated place for 3-5 hours. The excessively long roots can be properly cut short. The incision should also be stained with plant ash before planting.I t should be noted that the new plant should not have less than 3 roots, the total number of leaves should not be less than 8-10, and generally 2-3 buds. If the root system is too little or the side bud is too little, several plants can be combined.
If the growth of the ground seedlings is too flourishing and there is no need for thin seedlings, you can cut the side plants of the mother plant into several clusters with a sharp knife directly in the ground (the method is the same as above) without digging the mother plant. This has little effect on the growth and flowering of the parent plant. If you need potting, you should only peel a few growing side plants from the mother plant.
How does Bird of paradise propagate? Sowing method is also one of them. The seed of Bird of Paradise is firm and black like a bowl bean with an orange-red downy tip. Before harvest, the seeds should be soaked for 4-5 days at a temperature of 15℃, and then sterilized for 5 minutes with 5% new germine solution 1000 times, which is conducive to the germination of seeds. After the seeds are disposed of, they can be harvested continuously, and the best harvest and reproduction temperature is between 18 and 22℃.
After the seeds are scattered on the soil, cover up a thin layer of soil, and then spray water to keep warm and moisturize, about 20 days can come out, the need for shade maintenance before sprout. By the time the seedlings are 5 to 7cm long, they are ready to be transplanted into a devil pot. Use 4 parts of Garden soil, 3 parts of Orchid mud, 2 parts of sand, and 1 part of mountain mud mixed as well.
It is necessary to make seedlings pouring permeable, after July every half a month with a light bean cake perhaps 1% nutrient solution to assist its development, in addition to the application of potassium dihydrogen phosphate compound fertilizer 1:250 liquid. Water should be controlled from September to prevent excessive humidity. In the process of development, direct sunlight and excessive drought should be prevented.
When harvesting and breeding, 4-5 leaves can be produced, with a height of about 20cm. Turn over the pot and add soil every year, grow 12 to 14 leaves, from the seedling stage to the flowering stage. Transplant with soil to prevent root damage. After transplantation, seedlings avoid strong light exposure, need to block the sun. Seedling culture 4-5 years, with 9-10 leaves, the ability of the general flower.
Summary: The Bird of paradise flower propagation method is plant division and sowing. The above two propagation methods seem to be huge, but it is very simple to manipulate. In addition, no matter which of the above methods of propagation, it is necessary to shade maintenance before rooting, and so on after survival, general lighting maintenance.