White Ginger Lily profile

Written by Maggie

Sep 11 2021

White Ginger Lily profile

White Ginger Lily, scientific name Hedychium coronarium, is a fresh herb, 1-2 m tall, and pot is available for viewing, white flowers, such as butterflies. White Ginger Lily profile is originally produced in tropical Asia, India and Malaysia in the tropical areas, probably in the Qing Dynasty into China. White Ginger Lily has spiky inflorescences, tubular calyx, alternate inflorescences, long narrow leaves, sharp ends, bald leaves, and slightly thin hairs on the back of leaves, not cold resistance, like warm winter, summer humid environment, drought resistance ability is poor, the initial growth should be half shade, growth boom period needs sufficient sunshine. The soil should be fertile and moisturizing. White Ginger Lily has a fresh fragrance and can be used as a natural air freshener when placed indoors. In addition, the White Ginger Lily is the national flower of Cuba.

White Ginger Lily picture

White Ginger Lily

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) symbolizes simplicity. It stands tall and straight, a flower bud out of five or six white yellow flowers, each has three petals, like a white butterfly, gathered in the jade hairpin, from morning to evening, spray fragrance. Therefore, white ginger lily is called "Butterfly Lily". Although White Ginger Lily has no gorgeous appearance, it has a light aroma, but it is also quiet and pleasant. It can give out a fresh and elegant aroma, making people feel more relaxed and happy.

Morphological characteristics of White Ginger Lily

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) is a perennial herb with a height of 1 to 2 meters. The laf blade is rectangular oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, 20 -- 40 cm long, 4.5 -- 8 cm wide. The underneath is pubescent, sessile; The ligule 2is  -- 3 cm long, and spices 10 -- 20 cm long; Bracts are ovoid, 4.5 -- 5 cm long and 2.5 -- 4 cm wide, imbricate, each containing 2 -- 3 flowers; The calyx tube is 4 cm long; The corolla is white, corolla tubes 8 cm long, lobes lanceolate, 5 cm long; Lower sepal is obcordate, ca. 6 cm long and wide, apically 2-lobed; Filaments are 3 cm long; The ovary is sericeous.


Leaves of White Ginger Lily are simple alternate leaves, lanceolate or long elliptic lanceolate, 10-21 leaves, long acuminate at the apex, acute at the base, emerald green to dark green, smooth surface, midrib pubescent at the back, about 15-60 cm long, 4.5-15 cm wide; The ligule is membranous, ca. 2-3.5 cm;Petiole ca. 1 cm or subsessile.


White Ginger Lily is a perennial herb of the Ginger family. The flowering period is from May to November, the plant is 1 to 2 meters high, the underground stem is massive and transversely fragrant, and the shape is like ginger.

Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 40 -- 50 cm long, 7 -- 12 cm wide, upper surface smooth, lower surface hairy, no petiole, veins parallel. Inflorescences are terminal, densely spicate, protected by large bracts, usually 10 to 15 flowers per inflorescence of white, yellow, red, and orange. At first glance, each White Ginger Lily seems to have four petals, which are wrapped together into a short column, but in fact there are only two petals, because one of the larger wing petals, which looks like a butterfly, is formed by the special evolution of the petal-like stamen. The fruit is a 3-valvular capsule. The seeds are reddish brown with a red aril. The fruit is elliptical.

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) has a leaf shape similar to edible Ginger and a plant height of about 1.5 meters. Underground rhizomes developed, transverse was creeping growth, stout, light yellow like edible ginger. The leaf is blade green, entire, smooth, long elliptic-lanceolate, 40cm long, 5 -- 6cm wide, apically caudate-acuminate, basally tapered; The petiole is short, leaf sheaths green. The initial flowering period is in late May, the flowering period is in full bloom from June to October, and the amount of flowers decreases sharply in November. Each plant can continuously open up to more than 10 florets, the flowering period on the plant can be more than a week.

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) is suitable for the growth of the Guangzhou area. Except that the growth of the plant is slightly inhibited by low temperature in winter, the plant grows vigorously at other times and has strong resistance to adversity. White Ginger Lily profile likes a half sun environment, a little shade is beneficial to growth, fresh cut flowers are better quality. The suitable temperature for growth is 25 ~ 30℃. It can withstand high temperature in summer and low temperature in winter.

The stem is 1-2 m tall. The leaf blade is oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, 20 -- 40 cm long, 4.5 -- 8 cm wide, apex long acuminate, base acute, smooth, back pubescent, sessile; White Ginger Lily profile ligule is membranous, 2-3 cm long. The spicate is terminal, elliptic, 10-20 cm long, 4-8 cm wide; Bracts are imbricate, ovoid, 4.5 -- 5 cm long and 2.5 -- 4 cm wide, each containing two or three flowers; Flowers are fragrant, white, calyx tube ca. 4 cm long, apical side dehiscent; The corolla is tube slender, 8 cm long, lobes lanceolate, ca. 5 cm long, posterior 1 pocketed, apically pointed; Lateral stamens are oblong-lanceolate, ca. 5 cm long; Lower sepal obcordate, ca. 6 cm long and wide, white, slightly yellow at base, apically 2-lobed; Filaments ca. is 3 cm, anther chamber 1.5 cm; The ovary is sericeous. Flowering: August - February.


White Ginger Lily fruit is capsule, long elliptic, orange red, 3 petal dehiscence; Seeds are reddish-brown, ovate, with yellowish-red filamentous sticky arp, below which is a crater-shaped hilum, ca. 4 mm long.

White Ginger Lily

Ecological habits of White Ginger Lily

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) is not cold resistant. It likes warm environments in winter and humid environments in summer. It has poor drought resistance. The soil should be fertile and moisturizing.

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) likes to live in a warm and humid environment, and it is the best place to plant White Ginger Lily by Tangtang, Lake and Yongtou.

The distribution region of the White Ginger Lily

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) is originated in India in the Himalayas, is distributed in India, Ceylon, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam and southern China, Taiwan, China's domestic distribution, guangxi, hunan, sichuan, yunnan, guangdong, Hong Kong and other places. White Ginger Lily profile is native to tropical Asia, tropical regions of India and Malaysia, introduced to China, south to southwest;India, Vietnam, Malaysia.

Distribution in south and southwest China.Vietnam, India, Malaysia and Australia are also distributed.

Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hunan and Taiwan;Born or cultivated in a forest.Also distributed in India, Vietnam, Malaysia and Australia.

This genus has about 50 ~ 60 species. There are more than 20 species in China. Yunnan produces 16 species, all over the province. In the same genus is the yellow White Ginger Lily(H.flavum), produced in Gongshan, Eryuan and other places.

The White Ginger Lily (H. Chrysoleucum) is native to most areas of Yunnan, and grows in the open forest shrubs at an altitude of 600 ~ 2100 meters.

White Ginger Lily propagation 

White Ginger Lily (Hedychium coronarium) propagation is mainly plant propagation, spring cut rhizome reproduction, and it can be directly pot or ground planting, the summer can flower. Generally every 3-4 years are divided 1 time. Dig out the stem block from the soil before sprouting in spring, cut the stem with bud into 10 cm long sections, the cut should be coated with plant ash or sulfur powder to prevent decay, put it in a cool place until the cut shrinks, and can be transplanted. Before planting, apply sufficient base fertilizer, after planting, pour enough water, 20 ~ 30 days can germinate. White Ginger Lily can also be potted and ornamental.

White Ginger Lily cultivation.

Just planting should not be watered too much, so as not to rot the rhizome incision. Always keep the soil moist during the growing season. In the summer flowering period, it should be appropriate shading, and can extend the flowering period. Stems and branches are cut off in winter to allow new shoots to sprout the next year. In cold areas, winter dig roots and stems put indoor storage.

Function of White Ginger Lily

Beautiful flower shape, white, is a good material for potted and cut flowers, can also be planted in small courtyards, very elegant and durable. Its flowers are edible, and it is a new green healthy edible vegetable. In addition to being cut flowers, White Ginger Lily can also be used in gardens. For example, it can be planted in pieces, or in strips or clusters on the roadside, courtyard, stream side and rockery. During flowering, it looks like a group of beautiful butterflies, dancing and competing for fragrance and beauty, while when it has no flowers, it is lush and green. Rhizome can also be used for medicinal purposes, with the effect of tempering and dispersing cold, relieving pain and eliminating food.

White Ginger Lily