Written by Maggie
Feb 10 2021
Terminalia Mantaly, also called Madagascar almond, originated in Madagascar Island in the Indian Ocean of East Africa. Terminalia Mantaly was first introduced to Taiwan in China and then to mainland China from Taiwan. It has been developed and cultivated on a large scale in Guangdong.
Terminalia plant (Madagascar almond) is a dicotyledonous plant in angiosperms. terminalia mantaly (Madagascar almond) is a deciduous large tree with a height of up to 20 m. The main stem is upright, round and straight, and the crown can reach 8 m. Bark is light brown, scattered with light colored punctate short lines, 0. 5~1. 0 cm long, 1~2 mm wide, little sharpness; Branches of terminalia mantaly (Madagascar almond) are short and natural stratification, round in the trunk around, vigorous upward, orderly hierarchy, all around the upward expansion, was inclined bucket-shaped, branches soft and fine, strong anti-typhoon ability; Leaves are oblast-lanceolate or oblast-obovate, 3~5 cm long, 1~3 cm wide, with 4~6 pairs of pinnate veins, 4~7 impellate. The outer margin of the leaf is light golden yellow, accounting for about 1/2 of the leaf surface, and the center of the leaf is light green, so it is called silver edge olive kernel. Terminalia Mantaly (Madagascar almond) is heat-resistant, drought-resistant, wind-resistant, barren, pollution resistant, highly adaptable, any soil can be planted, and grows rapidly in well-drained, sunny loam soil. Every year, bright red leaves start to germinate in spring, and the leaves extend at the end of spring, with a length of 1 to 2 cm and a width of 1 cm. In spring, the leaves of Terminalia Mantaly gradually mature, the color of the leaves becomes light golden yellow, and then the tree presents snow-white, so it is also known as snowflake olive kernel; From summer to autumn, with the arrival of the growing season, a large number of new shoots sprouted and mixed with little red leaves in a silvery white to show the color change of Terminalia Mantaly. In autumn, the red leaves retreat and the light golden yellow turns to gold. After summer, winter begins to come, and the old leaves gradually fall off, but the colorful leaves growing in summer are still there, and the ornamental value still remains. Only in spring of the next year did the leaves fall off and enter a short dormancy. The leafless branches of Terminalia Mantaly still extend upward after falling leaves, showing the unique style of Terminalia Mantaly. Due to the slow growth of the tree species, the diameter at breast diameter of 5 years is only 4~6 cm, the height of the tree is 4~5 m.
Terminalia plant (Madagascar almond) is fond of light and warm and humid climates. It requires annual rainfall of 1 800~2 000 mm and relative humidity of 70% ~80%. Terminalia Mantaly (Madagascar almond) has the best growth on the deep and moist, fertile and loose soil layer, and the slightly acidic sandy soil. Growth in hot and humid climate conditions, full light or moderate shade are good growth, slightly barren, in coastal sand, peat soil, Carboniferous rock soil can grow, can be resistant to light frost and short-term low temperature.
Distribution area: guangdong, Hong Kong, Taiwan, guangxi now southern China such as: fujian and hainan have large-scale cultivation. South subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest (major cities: Fuzhou, Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Guangzhou, Foshan, Shunde, Dongguan, Huizhou, Shantou, Taipei, Liuzhou, Guiping, Gejiu)
Tropical monsoon rain forest and rain forest (major cities: Haikou, Sanya, Qionghai, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Shenzhen, Zhanjiang, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Macau, Hong Kong, Nanning, Qinzhou Beihai, Maoming, Jinghong)
Terminalia Mantaly (Madagascar almond) pests and diseases are mainly moths, moths like to eat young leaves, resulting in the tree's weak growth, and even death. Red fire ant root damage is also common in southern China.
Moth control: spray leaf surface with 800 times chrysanthemum fat.
Ant pest control: root irrigation with phoxim solution.
Soil: Terminalia Mantaly (Madagascar almond) is strong and grows rapidly. It does not matter about soil, but it is best to have fertile sandy soil.
Water and light: good drainage and sunshine should be required. Young Terminalia Mantaly need more water and should be replenished frequently. Apply organic fertilizer in spring and summer every year. If the crown is not balanced, after the winter leaves, slightly trim.
Temperature: Terminalia plant likes high temperature and wet, the suitable temperature for growth is about 23 -- 32℃.
Terminalia plant (Madagascar almond) unique style, tall and straight branches, often used as a Garden tree, street tree. Tall in shape, the trunk of Terminalia Mantaly is round and straight, but the branches are very soft, and the root group grows firmly and is extremely resistant to strong winds and salt, making it an excellent coastal tree species.