Siberian squill (Scilla siberica) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 08 2021

Siberian squill (Scilla siberica) profile

Siberian squill(Scilla siberica) belongs to the family and genus of Liliaceae, genus Jujube.

Siberian squill picture

Siberian squill

Morphological characteristics of the Siberian squill

Siberian squill is a perennial herb. Bulbs are large, crusted, subglobose, white. Plant height is 10cm ~ 20cm, plant width is 5cm. Leaves are basal, linear, 10 to 15cm long, prostrate in a rosette, gradually erect after flowering. Racemes, usually 3, pendulous, dark blue, 1.5cm in diameter, spring. 

Ecological habits of the Siberian Squill

The Siberian Squill prefers cool, moist, and semi-cloudy conditions. It has strong cold resistance and can withstand the low temperature of -20℃ in winter. The suitable temperature for growth is 15℃ ~ 16℃.PH 6.5 ~ 7.0. In summer the aboveground leaves wither and enter a dormant period when they should be kept dry. For open cultivation, a fertile, loose and well-drained sandy loam is required. For potting, a mixture of 2 parts fertile garden soil, 1 part leaf rot soil and 1 part sand is required.

How to grow and care for Siberian Squill

Planting Siberian Squill requires loose soil, sufficient fertilizer, potting soil to use fertile garden soil or leaf rot soil. Outdoor bulbs planted depth to 4.5 cm, with 2 ~ 3 centimeters advisable, plants bulb weeks diameter in 6 ~ 8 cm オ can blossom.10 cm pot - 3 to 4 bulbs as usual. After planting, the temperature should be controlled at 15~17 degrees Celsius, and early watering should not be too much. With the growth of Siberian squill root system, the amount of watering should be increased gradually. In winter, it could be covered with decaying cake fertilizer or organic fertilizer, which was beneficial to the next spring flowering. Stop watering after April flowering to promote bulb maturation into a dormant period. Bulbs for facilitating cultivation should be stored at 10~12 ℃ for 12~15 weeks and then at about 16 ℃ to break dormancy. Rhizome rot and rust are easy to occur.

The propagation of the Siberian Squill

Propagation: Commonly dividing and sowing to propagate. In summer, the aboveground part of the plant Withers and is dug up and stored at 19℃ after drying. siberian squill is planted in autumn from September to October according to the size of the bulb. It can also be used to propagate the bulb by bulb division method. Generally every 2~3 years a plant. Sowing reproduction, autumn sowing in the cold bed, the next year 1~2 months germination seedlings, or seed sand after spring sowing, generally sowing 30~33 days germination, sowing seedlings in the summer of the formation of small bulbs, 2~3 years after cultivation to become the kind of flowering bulbs.

Siberian squill

Disease control of the Siberian Squill

Siberian Squill is predisposed to rooting neck rot and rust. Root neck rot disease can be used Bordeaux spray prevention and control, rust disease can be used 50% wilting rustling wettable powder 2000 times liquid spray prevention and control. Insect pests have aphids damage, with 40% oxidized dithoate oil 1500 times liquid, or 2.5% of the essence of the TL oil 1000 times liquid spray kill.

The distribution of the Siberian Squill

The Siberian Squill is native to Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia and northern Iran. Asia Minor, Mediterranean region.

Siberian Squill varieties

Scilla siberica: When unspecified, these are the standard type, featuring the familiar blue, star-shaped flowers.

Scilla siberica 'spring beauty': This is one of the larger scilla varieties, with bell-shaped blue and up to five flower stalks per plant. 

Scilla siberica alba: This variety is rarer, with clear white flowers.

The garden use of the Siberian Squill

The Siberian squill is adaptable and blooms early in the spring. The flowers are dense, the color is simple but elegant, the plant shape is low. Siberian Squill is used to decorate flower beds, flower borders, open forests or rock gardens, fresh and lively, quiet and simple but elegant, showing a strong spring atmosphere. Potted plants are also very suitable for indoor environment layout.

Siberian squill