Title

Scabiosa atropurpurea (pincushion flower) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 02 2021

Scabiosa atropurpurea (pincushion flower) profile

Pincushion flower, scientific name Scabiosa atropurpurea, is a biennial herbaceous plant, plant height 30-60cm, smooth stem, many branches and leaves round ovate, basal leaves nearly spatulate, stem leaves opposite, 3-4 pairs of pinnately deep lobed to fully lobed, sparse long white hair. Inflorescence of pincushion flower is terminal, 4-5 - lobed corolla, inflorescence margin florets larger, radiate. The pincushion flower color is rich, the flowering period is long, is the flower bed, the flower border, the flower diameter, the flower cluster, the flower group arrangement common material. Pincushion flower can also be used as cut flowers or potted plants.

Pincushion Flower picture

Pincushion flower

Morphological characteristics of pincushion flower

Pincushion flower is a one or two years herb, 30-60cm tall, smooth, much-branched stem. Leaves are rectangular oblong-ovate, basal leaves nearly spatulate, cauline leaves opposite, 3-4 pairs pinnately lobed to fully lobed, sparsely long white hairs. Inflorescence of Pincushion flower is terminal, 4-5 - lobed corolla, inflorescence margin florets larger, radiate. The color of the pincushion flower is deep purple, blue-purple, Rose red, light red, pink or white, fragrant. 

Ecological habits of the pincushion flower

Pincushion flower has cold resistance, avoid hot, high humidity and waterlogging, the requirement of good drainage, loose and fertile, moderate pH soil. The soil is calcareous sandy loam with good drainage and sunshine. The seedlings should be 15 cm high and the core should be picked once. The topdressing should be done once a month. The height of the pincushion flower should be supported to prevent lodging. pincushion flower likes warm avoid high temperature, the suitable temperature for growth is 10 ~ 25℃.

How to grow and care for pincushion flower

Germination temperature

Pincushion flower likes the warm sunshine environment, the most suitable germination temperature should be kept between 15-20℃, this range of temperature is more conducive to the growth and germination of plants.

Fertilization care

The growth of the Pincushion flower cannot be separated from fertilizer. Fertilizer should be applied every 2 weeks or so during the flowering period, so as to ensure that the plant has sufficient nutrients for plant growth.

Soil care

Pincushion flower likes the warm environment. It is not high on the soil requirements and can grow in the general soil, soil with calcareous sandy loam, but to loose fertile, good drainage soil planting is the best.

Pincushion flower

Propagation of the pincushion flower

Spring and autumn sowing, often autumn sowing. The suitable temperature for pincushion flower germination is 15 ~ 20℃. The seeds are soaked in water for several hours and then sown, which can improve the germination rate. After sowing, the seeds are covered with about 0.5 cm of western soil and germinate after about 7 ~ 12 days.

Insects and diseases of pincushion flower

Due to its long stalk, the pincushion flower may need support or staking to keep an upright habit.  Aphids and mites are minor issues.  To prevent root rot, ensure that this plant is situated in an area with good drainage.

Landscape use of pincushion flower

Pincushion flowers have rich colors and a long flowering period and are common materials for flower beds, flower borders, flower paths, flower clusters and flower groups. Pincushion flowers can also be used as cut flowers or potted plants.

Varieties of pincushion flower

Scabiosa Atropurpurea—The Annual Pincushion:

In some areas, the annual pincushion flower, or scabiosa atropurpurea, will reseed. However, in most conditions, you will have to replant them each year. The annual pincushion flower is slightly smaller than its perennial cousins, and it is also available in a wider range of colors. This pincushion flower variety offers extra shades, including burgundy, rosy pink, and blue-tinged lavender, along with the standard blue, purple, and white. The many varieties of annual pincushion flowers exist thanks to the breeding efforts of horticulturists, who have produced more dwarf-sized cultivars as well as more choices for gardeners when it comes to color options. Unlike the perennial variety of the pincushion flower, which has true green leaves that stay green, the foliage of the annual pincushion comes in many hues as well, and a few types are bred especially for their foliage, which changes color throughout  the blooming season. 

Scabiosa Caucasica —The Perennial Pincushion:

Scabiosa caucasica is most often found in blue and white, but you can also find this breed of  pincushion flower in a perennial pink. These plants have an extended blooming period that will make your beds explode with dashes of brilliant color that sticks around after other flowers would have faded. If deadheaded often, the unique blossoms will keep on coming—from late spring throughout the entire summer and on into the fall, until the first few frosts of winter finally quell the blooming. Unlike its annual cousin, the perennial pincushion flower is hardy enough to survive most winters. It will come back strong after the winter thaws to yield colorful blooms year after year. The perennial pincushion flower also produces a larger and more showy bloom than its annual counterpart, with flowerheads that usually measure up to two and a half to three inches. 

Pincushion flower