Written by Maggie
Mar 26 2021
Sarracenia minor (also called: hooded pitcher plant) leaves are basal, long tubular, up to 70cm long, narrowly winged at the border, green; The lid is ovate downward curved, leaving only a narrow opening, often dark red, inflorescences from the leaf base, height is shorter than the leaf, yellow-green flowers, no fragrance; It is similar in shape to the cage of the pitcher plant and can secrete honey and digestive juice. Insects attracted by the honey slip into the bottle and the digestive juice inside the bottle will digest the insects. Easily planted, insectivorous and water-loving, Sarracenia minor grows well in full sun, making it ideal for planting. Sarracenia minor is native to North America, Carolina and Florida, USA.
|Botanical Name||Sarracenia minor|
|Common Names||hooded pitcher plant|
|Plant Type||Herbaceous perennial|
|Hardiness Zones||6 to 8|
|Native Area||North Carolina to Florida|
|Mature size||0.75 to 1.50 feet tall, 1.00 to 2.00 feet wide|
Sarracenia minor is a perennial herb with creeping rhizomes and many fibrous roots; Leaf base generated rosette leaves, by leaves, cylindrical or tubular upright, pitcher one insect capsule, capsule wall opening is smooth, and gave birth to a nectary, sweet honey, come to lure insects and fall into a bag, the capsule wall is smooth, it contains digestive juices, can secrete digestive enzymes to insects decomposition, and then by internal glands of parenchyma cells into protein enzymes to absorb; In addition, sarracenia minor grows sword-shaped leaves in the fall and winter, which have no traps and are used only by photosynthesis to produce nutrients.
Each leaf is curved at right angles and has a hood like a bonnet. It is bright in color, with gorgeous spots and shapes similar to the cage of the Sarracenia minor. The plants are bright red and purple in color. The nectar glands inside the leaf cover provide some nectar food for the insects. Sarracenia minor's bottle stems are long and narrow, allowing the insects that fall into the capsule to slide further, and the insects are unable to fly out of the narrow tube. The bottle stems and leaves digest the soft parts of the insect, but the hard shell parts remain.
The Flower of Sarracenia minor is bisexual, the inflorescence is drawn from the base of leaves, is lose raceme, consists of several large flowers in total, the flower core consists of a helmet-shaped stigma, 3 to 5 locules ovary and 50 to 80 stamens, yellow-green flowers, calyx 5 pieces, located at the bottom of the petals. The Fruit is a capsule containing a large number of tiny seeds that automatically dehisces and ejects the seeds when ripe. The flowers of Sarracenia minor open downward and have round yellow petals covered with small white spots. These characteristics are used to identify the species and distinguish it from other pitcher plants. Seeds are saccate, ca. 3 mm long, scabrous, surface knobbly.
Sarracenia minor is native to the East Coast of the United States, along with swampy areas and pine forests.
Sarracenia minor distributes in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Sarracenia minor grows side buds and, when large enough, are separated from the mother plant and grown separately.
Using leaf cuttings or rhizome cuttings to propagate Sarracenia minor, and we can cut the leaf and a half off from the mother, oblique inserted on the clean substrate, or will be cut into 2.5 cm a rhizome, incision daub fungicide, flat on a clean substrate, again above water wet moss on the shop, keep high humidity and bright light, about 2 months or so can sprout.
Sarracenia minor seeds have a longer shelf life, up to 3-5 years, but also a longer germinating time, 2 to 4 months. Before sowing, low-temperature refrigeration (about 5 degrees) for 1-2 months, and keep the seeds wet, can be wrapped in wet napkins or put in wet water moss, in order to avoid mildew, water moss and seeds had better be disinfected, and regularly check (also can not be refrigerated directly in winter, or spring low-temperature sowing); Refrigerated after planting suitable temperature for 15 to 30 degrees, seed directly to clean the surface of the substrate, and the surface does not cover the soil or cover 1-3 mm tall fine peat or fine jade red soil fixed root, in order to help maintain high humidity and bright light, a month or so of germination (also has a few months or even a year after germination), kind of 3 to 5 years to grow to be into a plant.
Sarracenia minor grows in open swamps, like sufficient light, moist soil, and are not afraid of cold and low air humidity. It is an insectivorous plant that is easy to grow.
In the growing season, Sarracenia minor is more suitable to be grown by the pot leaching method, which can use a mixture of 1 part peat and 1 part perlite or coarse sand. The dormant period needs to be removed from the water tray, to keep the dry state, to prevent root rot. A mixture of pure water moss, 2 parts peat and 1 part perlite or coarse sand can also be used.
Use water with a low mineral concentration, and plant in a pot during the growing season to keep the substrate high humidity.
Sarracenia minor air humidity requirements are not high, as long as the above 30% can be maintained.
The suitable temperature for growth is 20-30 ° C, and it will hibernate below 10 ° C and can survive at 0-38 ° C.
Sarracenia minor is a light-loving plant, and can accept full sunshine, and the light can make the plant bright color, but in summer to avoid high temperature, can be an appropriate shade.
During the growing season, use a four-thousandfold dilution of all-purpose compound fertilizer and spray on the foliage or fill the bottle 1/3 of the height once or twice a month.
Sarracenia minor does not come cheap on the Chinese market, with a single seedling selling for 180 yuan.