Peperomia Ruby Cascade - Tips to Grow & Propagate

Written by Ivy

Jan 11 2023

Peperomia Ruby Cascade - Tips to Grow & Propagate

Beautiful indoor plants like Peperomia Ruby Cascade are frequently offered for sale under the names ruby cascade plant or peperomia ruby cascade. It is a slow-growing plant that needs particular maintenance.

You can learn how to properly care for these plants, when and how to repot them, and how to prune and spread the oddly alluring peperomia ruby cascade.

Overview of Peperomia Ruby Cascade

Scientific Name Peperomia Ruby Cascade
Common Name Ruby peperomia, Ruby peperomia cascade, Ruby cascade
Native Tropical and sub-tropical rainforest of central and southern America
USDA 9a-11b
Family Piperaceae Piperaceae
Plant Type Trailing tropical evergreen annuals and perennials, flowering vine
Grown for Foliage and sometimes for flower
Toxicity Non-toxic to humans, cats and dogs
Plant Size 3-5 inches in height and can grow a few feet in length

What is a Peperomia Ruby Cascade?


A vining plant with recognizable ruby-red leaves is called Peperomia ruby cascade. It comes from Central and South American tropical and subtropical rainforests. The peperomia plants frequently climb the rock faces or tree trunks in their natural habitat, sending out roots along the way. The ruby cascade variety is a well-liked addition to many collections of indoor plants, and is typically grown in a hanging basket.

The most striking feature of peperomia ruby cascade is the two-color leaves. The underside of developing plant leaves is a rich ruby color, while the top surface is a deep, glossy dark green. The stems can become several feet long. Some plants will blossom in the spring with tiny, pinkish flowers. These plants do not, however, have a reputation for frequently blooming.

With its long vines of green and red leaves dangling to the ground, it is a rewarding plant that makes a striking statement in a hanging basket.

You can successfully grow this unusual plant if you follow the care instructions in this guide.

Striking Features of the Peperomia Ruby Cascade

One feature of many Ruby Cascade plants that you'll notice by chance is that they have pretty little round leaves attached to reddish trailing vines. On the front, they are green, and the back is a stunning, deep rose color. The Ruby Cascade starts out with a few reddish funnel-shaped flowers, similar to a few other Peperomia species, and grows into them.

It's an incredible trailing plant with quite a distinctive foliage, and its tolerance for a wide range of growing conditions makes it ideal for anyone looking to expand their collection of houseplants.

The Peperomia Ruby Cascade has extremely long vines that are ideal for mounting on a ledge or using as a tall hanging plant somewhere in your home.

The Ruby variety is a favorite among homeowners due to its small size and brilliant leaves, which make it the ideal plant for your home or office. You shouldn't worry too much about the Spring because it doesn't produce many flowers.

Although an indoor plant, the Ruby Cascade can also survive in the great outdoors. If you decide to grow it in a medium-sized pot, its height will be between 3 and 5 inches.

It still has its tall stems that trail and spread outside the edges of their pot despite having delicate leaves. As a result, you should hang your basket a little bit higher.

The Ruby Cascade is one species in the Peperomia genus that is simple to grow and gets along with so many conditions, whether you are a novice looking to adopt a plant or an experienced indoor gardener looking to add a new plant to your extensive collection. So feel secure knowing that you won't experience much disappointment later.

Peperomia Ruby Cascade Care Guide

The peperomia ruby cascade has straightforward but particular maintenance needs.

This plant originates from warm, humid environments where it lives far below the massive rainforest canopy. Thankfully, creating a rainforest-like environment in your living room is not necessary to grow the peperomia ruby cascade.

Here are some easy-to-follow instructions for growing this lovely houseplant, including recommendations for the soil, light, and watering.

Light Requirements

The first thing you should do is choose a location where the plant will receive bright, indirect light. A window that faces south is the ideal location. As the plant develops, you might need to move it closer to or farther away from the window. When there is too much light, the dark-colored leaves will bleach. In order to reach more light, a plant will stretch its stems and produce fewer, greener leaves.

Although this species is native to the tropics, it won't survive in extreme heat. These plants thrive in temperatures ranging from 65 degrees to 80 degrees. A plant that is too close to a window that receives direct sunlight may also overheat. No matter the watering situation, leaves will appear wilted and limp.

Don't place your ruby cascade in front of an air conditioner vent because peperomia are more sensitive to cold temperatures, and stay away from drafty windows in the winter.

Water Requirements

Despite having a tropical heritage, these succulent-like plants prefer to let their leaves slightly dry out in between waterings. Instead of depending on roots to absorb moisture, plants use the thick, fleshy leaves to store it. A common mistake is to overwater peperomia plants. These plants rot and die very quickly if they receive too much water.

To determine when to water your plant, there are a few signs to look for. The leaves are the most reliable indicator. When nearly depleted, the leaves closest to the soil will wrinkle if all other circumstances are ideal.

Place your finger about an inch deep into the ground to determine the condition. It is okay to water your plant if your finger is completely dry. You will obtain a schedule using these two techniques. Peperomia plants typically require watering every 7 to 10 days during the growing season and once or twice a month during the dormant seasons.

When watering the peperomia ruby cascade, water should trickle slowly into the pot until it runs cleanly from the drainage holes. Inadequate watering can cause the plant to lose its soil-holding ability and cause abnormal root growth.

Potting Soil

Making a special potting soil blend that is tailored to the needs of a peperomia plant is the best way to grow one healthily at home. Peperomia ruby cascades grow in leaf litter and decaying plant matter, as you would notice if you came across one while hiking through Central American jungles. In our potting mix, we'll need to mimic that circumstance.

The key to a good potting mixture is to create airiness. To breathe, these plants rely on air getting to their roots. The roots will be smothered by dense, wet, clay-based soil and even a lot of potting or garden soil mixtures. Additionally, these mixtures contain an excessive amount of water. You need a potting mix for your plant that drains well and doesn't stay soggy.

Peat moss and perlite mixed 50/50 will be effective for these plants. While perlite adds to the mix's airiness, peat moss will retain moisture and offer organic nutrients. To enhance drainage, coarse sand may be added. This mixture allows water to absorb just long enough to be beneficial to the plant without giving rot a chance to start.


Rich growing environments are preferred by these plants, but they aren't always simple to supply. These plants' general health and growth rate will both be enhanced by using the right fertilizer. Use a balanced, gentle liquid fertilizer. Before feeding your plants, dilute the fertilizer by half.

To get the best growth from this spectacular plant, you should give the liquid fertilizer dose every two to three weeks during the growing season. In the dormant season, avoid fertilizing peperomia because the plant won't be able to absorb the nutrients and will instead burn its roots. Don't fertilize too much. Yellowing leaves are a sign of excess fertilizer, and you must water the soil to remove it.

Proper Humidity Conditions

However, in the typical American home with a heater or air conditioner, these plants may suffer even though they can withstand humidity levels of up to 90%. The peperomia ruby cascade prefers a humidity range of 40 to 60 percent. Because these plants require humidity, it's critical that you create the right environment.

The plant's humidity can be increased with a light mist of water once or twice per week. To avoid spraying potentially harmful chemicals on the plant, use distilled or filtered water instead. The spray should be thin enough so that the droplets quickly evaporate. The peperomia ruby cascade's leaves shouldn't be wetted.

Using an evaporative tray is another way to increase humidity. Just fill a shallow tray with pebbles, stones, or pumice rocks. The stones should be nearly covered with distilled or filtered water. Ensure that the bottom of the container is not in contact with the water before positioning it atop the rocks. The water evaporating will create the ideal environment for peperomia growth.


How and When to Repot

The frequency and need for repotting typically depend on the kind of plant. Some plants, for instance, prefer being root-bound, while others do not.

When it comes to Peperomia Ruby Cascade, it prefers to be somewhat rootbound.

Additionally, it is susceptible to frequent repotting because of its shallow and small roots.

Thus, repotting your Peperomia Ruby Cascade once every two to three years is sufficient. During the spring and summer, you should repot your Ruby cascade.

In addition, the plant indicates when repotting is necessary.

For instance, if the growth of your ruby cascade is stunted, the foliage is discolored, or the growth is dull and leggy, you may need to report them.

Examine the roots of the plants through the drainage holes to determine whether your ruby cascade requires repotting.

They require repotting if the roots are visibly curled and can be seen.

Tips to Repot Peperomia Ruby Cascade

  • Select a container that is 2 inches taller and 2 inches wider than your current container.
  • The container needs to be clean, keep that in mind. Your pot should be soaked in a bleach or vinegar solution for about 30 minutes before being thoroughly cleaned with water.
  • Make certain the container has adequate drainage holes.
  • After adding some pebbles to the pot's base, fill it halfway with a well-draining potting mix.
  • Then, remove your Ruby Cascade from the used pot.
  • To remove 50% of the soil, gently tap the sides and bottoms.
  • After putting your plant in the middle, cover the sides with potting soil. Fill the soil only halfway full so that you have room to add fertilizer later.
  • Now thoroughly water the Ruby Cascade that you just potted.
  • Place the pot in a well-lit area to ensure it receives enough bright indirect light.

Propagation Techniques

Propagating Peperomia Ruby Cascade Via Root Division

Did you know that root division is the quickest and simplest method for propagation?

Because the plant's root and shoot systems are already established, its chances of success are excellent.

To spread Ruby Cascade by root division, adhere to the steps listed below.

Step 1: Lay a newspaper or an old towel on the floor.

Step 2: Take out the top 25% of the soil. Then, carefully lift your Ruby Cascade out of the pot by holding the stems at their bases.

Step 3: Detangle the plant's roots by loosening the soil.

Then divide the plant similarly to how you would divide an orange. You can divide your Ruby Cascade into as many sections as you like.

But keep in mind that every component has four to five leaves and a few roots.

Step 4: The plant is now ready for further propagation. Alternatively, you can use water propagation to pot them directly in soil.

Propagate in Soil Medium

Use a thin layer of pebbles in the bottom of clean pots to propagate them in soil.

Next, add potting soil to the pot until it is 2/3 full, then add the new plants. Afterward, add soil from the pot's sides to fill it up.

Finally, thoroughly water your ruby cascade and set it in a bright indirect area.

Propagate in Water Medium

Ruby cascade can be propagated in water, despite the fact that this method is typically used for root development. They've grown roots, despite this.

Take a spotless, clear glass jar for water propagation. The plant should be submerged in clean, fresh tap water.

However, don't forget to change the water every three to four days.


Propagating Peperomia Ruby Cascade Via Stem Cuttings

The majority of the time, vines are simple to propagate.

Their ease of propagation through stem cuttings is the main justification.

The nodes—the locations from which leaves, buds, branches, and aerial roots are produced—and leaves are carried by the stems.

These stem nodes have the capacity to give rise to an entirely new plant.

Follow the instructions below to propagate peperomia Ruby by stem division.

Step 1: Choose a stem that is healthy, long, and free of infestation by insects or diseases. The stem gets better as it gets older. Avoid, though, stems that are unhealthy and discolored.

Step 2: Cut your Peperomia Ruby Cascade now with a pair of good, sharp scissors or pruning shears.

Depending on how many cuttings you want, you can choose the stem length.

However, keep in mind that every cutting should be at least five inches long. Also, the cuttings ought to be made directly beneath the node.

Step 3: Remove the bottom 2-3 leaves after that.

Step 4: Give the cuttings an hour or two to dry out and develop a callus.

The rooting hormone can now be applied to your cuttings to hasten the process of germination. The action is optional, though.

Step 5: Your cuttings can now be multiplied. They can grow both in water and in soil. Pick the approach that works best for you.

However, keep in mind that when propagating them, at least one node must be inserted into the soil or water.

Rooting Peperomia Ruby Cascade typically takes three to five weeks.

Your Ruby Cascade might become stressed during the transition from water to soil and eventually perish.

When grown in water, they form roots that have been modified to absorb oxygen and other minerals directly from the water.

Furthermore, water propagation offers little risk of fungus infection, humidity issues, or watering issues.


Problems You May Encounter

Despite the fact that pest problems are uncommon for Peperomia ruby cascade plants, some disease problems are regrettably frequent.

The best way to deal with disease and pest infestations is to learn how to avoid the conditions that encourage them.


Common insects include mealybugs and spider mites. The majority of the time, aphids don't bother indoor plants, but if your plant spends time outside, aphids might be attracted to it. The most effective method for controlling pests on your peperomia ruby cascade plant is to make a straightforward homemade insecticide.

In a spray bottle with filtered water, combine a few drops of dish soap. All leaves should be sprayed from top to bottom. The soap will dry the insects out, killing them. To increase lethality without harming your plant, you can also add a small amount of isopropyl alcohol to the mixture.


The most frequent disease you are likely to encounter with these plants is root rot. This condition is typically brought on by poorly draining soil. Microorganisms can reproduce in soil that is kept moist. Because of this, the roots may rot, killing the entire plant.

This is why it's crucial to water these plants properly. They are extremely prone to rot, and there is little you can do to stop it once it has begun.

Common Signs of a Problem

  • Wilting leaves: Either it's flooding too much or it's sinking too much. If the soil is wet when you stick your finger into it, there is too much water present. Try to put the plant in a slightly warmer location to promote drainage and evaporation. You will need to replant in a different soil combination if the soil doesn't drain well.
  • Brown edges on the leaves: This typically means that the plant is either receiving excessive sunlight or heat, or it may mean that the soil is too fertilized or salty. A peperomia's edges will eventually curl and turn brown if it is severely underwatered. If the plant is getting the right amount of light and water, it might need to be replanted in fresh soil.
  • Greying of leaves: This typically indicates that the plant is receiving too much direct light. To avoid sun-scorch, which can kill young plants, make sure there is a curtain between the plant and the window.


At the end of the fall season is among the ideal times to prune your Peperomia Ruby Cascade. The best time to collect stem cuttings for propagation is also during this time of year. Large stems can be removed with the help of pruning, which also helps you manage your plant's size and growth. Pruning should always be done sparingly because too much can stunt growth or, worse, permanently harm your plant.

The stunning foliage of peperomias is well known. The plant looks glossy and lively because of the nicely layered texture. Every homeowner aspires to have this type of aesthetic. Furthermore, because their foliage purifies the air, peperomias are eco-friendly houseplants.

It's time to put building the Peperomia Ruby Cascade on your DIY bucket list now that we have explained how it works and the best practices you should follow. Don't forget to update us on the outcome in the section below where you leave comments.


Typically, Peperomia Ruby Cascade needs well-draining, porous soil, and temperatures between 65°F and 80°F with bright, filtered light. It also needs fertilization every two to three weeks during the growing season, humidity levels above 50%, and repotting every two to three years for more robust growth.