Written by Maggie
Mar 10 2021
Gnaphalium affine is an annual herb in the genus Asteraceae and Asteraceae in the genus Asteraceae. Gnaphalium affine stems are erect or basal branches oblique ascending lower, 10-40 cm or more tall, basal diameter ca. 3 mm, distally unbranched, furrowed, covered with white thick cotton hairs, internodes 8-20 mm long, upper internodes rarely up to 5 cm. Leaves are sessile, spoon-shaped oblanceolate or ovate-shaped spoon-shaped, stem and leaves used as medicine, for relieving cough, expectorant, asthma and bronchitis, as well as non-infectious ulcers, trauma of common medicine, internal administration and blood pressure lowering effect.
Gnaphalium affine is an annual herb. Stems are erect or basal branches oblique ascending lower, 10-40 cm or more tall, basal diameter ca. 3 mm, distally unbranched, furrowed, covered with white thick cotton hairs, internodes 8-20 mm long, upper internodes rarely up to 5 cm.
Leaves of Gnaphalium affine are sessile, spatulate oblanceolate or ovate-spatulate, 5 -- 7 cm long and 11 -- 14 mm wide, upper leaves 15 -- 20 mm long and 2 -- 5 mm wide, tapered at base, slightly descending, rounded at apex, spiked, white woolly on both surfaces, often thinner above, veins 1, inconspicuous below.
Gnaphalium affine is more or less capitulate, 2 -- 3 mm in diameter, subsessile, clustered into corymbs at branch tips, yellow to pale yellow flowers;Involucre campanulate, ca. 2-3 mm in diameter;Involucral bracts 2-3 layers, golden or lemon yellow, membranous, lustrous, outer obovate or spatulate, abaxial surface basally covered with cotton, apex rounded, base tapered, ca. 2 mm, inner spatulate, abaxial surface usually glabrous, apex obtuse, 2.5 -- 3 mm long; Receptacle of gnaphalium affine is slightly concave in center, glabrous. Female flowers are numerous, corolla slender tubular, ca. 2 mm, apex dilated, 3-dentate, lobes glabrous. Bisexual flowers are less, tubular, ca. 3 mm long, gradually expanding upward, eaves 5-lobed, lobes triangular-acuminate, glabrous.
Achene of Gnaphalium affine obovate or obovate-cylindrical, ca. 0.5 mm long, papillary. Crest is coarse, smudgy white, easy to fall off, ca. 1.5 mm long, base united into 2 bundles.
Gnaphalium affine is found on dry or wet grasslands at low elevations, especially in rice paddies.
Gnaphalium affine is produced in Taiwan, East China, South China, Central China, North China, Northwest and Southwest China.
Gnaphalium affine is also found in Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Indochina, and India.
The stem and leaves of Gnaphalium affine are used as medicine for relieving cough, removing phlegm, treating asthma and bronchitis, as well as non-infectious ulcers and wounds.
Gnaphalium affine is a kind of food favored by the people of Luzhou, Qiandong and Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture of Hunan Province. It is made of wormwood rice, also known as flour rice, Qingming rice, cotton rice and soft bird rice, wrapped with glutinous rice and sticky rice.