Dragon arum (Dracunculus vulgaris) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 03 2021

Dragon arum (Dracunculus vulgaris) profile

Dragon Arum (Dracuunculus vulgaris), also known as the black Dragon Arum and other names. Primarily found in Greece, they are older than humans and the Dragon arum has a central main stem with dark purple flowers that smell rotten. Dragon Arum upright stem is surrounded by larger green leaves with white veins.Shade-loving plants.It is one of the world's 16 notorious "smelly" beautiful plants.

Dragon Arum picture

Dragon Arum

Dragon arum info

Botanical Name Dracunculus vulgaris
Common Names Dragon Arum, Dragon Flower, Black Lily, Viagra Lily, Voodoo Lily
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial
Mature Size 2.00 to 3.00 feet height, 1.00 to 2.00 feet wide
Natural Range Algeria, southeastern Europe, Turkey, Zone: 7 to 10
Bloom Description Maroon purple
Sun Full sun to part shade
Water Medium
Maintenance Low
Flower Showy, Fragrant
Fruit Showy

Morphological characteristics of dragon arum

The central main stem of Dragon Arum has dark purple flowers that smell rotten, and its upright stems are surrounded by larger green leaves with white veins.Shade-loving plants.It is one of the world's 16 notorious beautiful plants.

Dragon Arum is at number 16 on the list of the 16 most exotic plants.

Dragon Arum came in at number 10 on the list of the top 10 exotic plants.

Ecological habits of dragon arum

Dragon Arum may look like a tropical plant, but it's not; Florists in the Northwest report that they are spreading fast in the wild and do not require any special care. Dragon Arum spread through their own seed or bulb branches. If the seed heads are not collected, they end up scattered throughout the park, where beetles or ants drag them away, spreading the Dragon arum farther afield.

The distribution area of dragon arum

The Dragon Arum smells like rotting meat, has leaves and flowers that are the color of Burgundy wine, and is surrounded by many thin black branches.

In Greece, Dragon Arum is called "Drakondia", which resembles a Dragon or serpent sitting in a spout of a Buddha.

Dragon Arum grows in the Balkans, the Mediterranean region of Europe, the Greek island of Crete and the Aegean Islands, and the southwest of Turkey.

Dragon Arum is in some places a veritable weed in a natural setting.

dragon arum

How to grow and care for dragon arum


Dragon Arum prefers a warm, moist and semi-cloudy environment. Water more in summer.Look at the soil moisture 3-4 days or so water, but not waterlogging. Choose basin soil with strong air permeability.


Suitable temperature  for Dragon Arum is 20-25°C, winter temperature should be maintained at 10-15°C


Dragon Arum likes high temperature, humidity, shade resistance, but not strong light irradiation. Dragon Arum is suitable for a larger basin, so a year or so to change the basin.


Fertilizer should be used every 15-20 days during the growing season.


The foliage of Dragon Arum that is most heavily reared may turn yellow and dry. If this happens, the stem should be cut off together, otherwise it will affect the other leaves.

dragon arum