Cantaloupe is mainly produced in the Tuha Basin. It has various shapes, unique flavors, thick flesh, crisp and refreshing. Cantaloupe is nutritious and contains up to 21% sugar.
The variety of resources of cantaloupe are very rich. Hami melons are divided into early, middle and late varieties according to their maturity period. Early and mid-ripening are called summer melon, and late-ripening is called winter melon. Early-maturing cantaloupe varieties mainly include Huangdanzi, Naxigan, Yibaotang, Baozi Kekouqi, Shitian 401, etc., which are characterized by a thin skin and fine flesh and strong fragrance. The middle-mature varieties are mainly red hearts, crispy and juicy, thick and delicate meat, fragrant and refreshing, and are loved by people. After storage, the meat of cantaloupe changes from crunchy and hard to soft, juicy, sweet and mellow.
Cantaloupe morphological characteristics
Cantaloupe can be divided into two types: reticulated skin and light skin. According to the maturity period, it is divided into early ripening melon, summer melon, winter melon (late ripening) and other varieties. Different varieties of melons have different shapes, colors and skin textures. The common good varieties are red heart crisp, black eyebrows honey very sweet, fort red, iron skin, green hemp skin, net pattern fragrant pear, Hami Jiageda, small green skin, white skin.
There are more than 180 varieties of cantaloupe, with various shapes such as oval, oval, spindle, long rod, etc.; the size is different, the small one is 1 kilogram, the large one is 15-20 kilograms; the peel has two kinds of reticulate and smooth skin; The color is green, yellow and white, and the flesh is white, green, and orange. The flesh is crisp, crisp, and soft, and the flavor is mellow, fresh and fruity. There are more than fifty rare varieties.
Xizhou honey: light hemp green, green road, fine and dense network, orange-red flesh, fine, crispy, good flavor, the sugar content of 20%, the best produced in Xinjiang Dongjiang.
Donghu Melon: The netting is beautiful, the taste is like fragrant pear, it is sweet and crisp, and it exudes attractive milky, fruity and wine aroma.
Black eyebrows: The shape is elliptical, and there are more than a dozen dark green vertical stripes on the skin. It looks like a beautiful eyebrow. The flesh of the melon is emerald green, the quality is fine and juicy, the sugar content is high, the mouth is sticky, and it is eaten after the winter. The aroma is striking, sweet and refreshing.
Red Heart Crisp: Orange-red color, crispy and juicy, creamy, full of aroma, after eating, the lingering fragrance will last for a long time.
Yellow egg: golden color, small round shape, meat like mutton, soft and sweet, with a melon filled in the room and fragrant.
Xuelihong: Thick-skinned muskmelon bred by Xinjiang Hami Melon Research Center. It is an early-middle-maturing variety. The fruit development period is about 40 days. The fruit is oval, with white skin and occasional sparse nets. When mature, the white is red and the flesh is light red. , The meat is tender, crisp and refreshing, melts in the mouth, the taste is like fragrant pear, the center refractive sugar is more than 15%, and the single melon weighs about 2.5 kg.
Jiashi melon: Jiashi melon is named because it is produced in Jiashi County. It has a planting history of more than 1,500 years. There are many varieties, including early, middle and late seasons, and there are more than 30 species. Jiashi melon has a long history of cultivation. Its shape is well-proportioned and full. It has the characteristics of thick and fine meat, sweet and crisp, thick juice, thin skin, and high sugar content. It ranks first in Xinjiang melons and has become a leader in all kinds of melons and fruits in China.
Cantaloupe growth habit and growing environment and distribution
The Turpan-Hami Basin, located in the eastern part of Xinjiang, spreads east-west in the Turpan and Hami regions. It faces the Tarim Basin and Junggar Basin from the north to the south. The basin is surrounded by mountains. It has a typical continental arid climate. Due to the influence of the mountains in the northwest, the humid airflow is blocked from going south, resulting in the Tuha Basin being extremely dry, less rain, large evaporation, extremely hot in summer, severe cold in winter, the large temperature difference between day and night, long hours of light, good atmospheric transparency, and effective accumulated temperature exceeding 4000 ℃. The annual precipitation is less than 40 mm and the evaporation is more than 3000 mm, which is extremely conducive to the growth and development of melons and the accumulation of sugar. The unique climatic conditions have cultivated unique Xinjiang melons. The sweetness of cantaloupe is so high that its secret lies in this special climate.
The annual sunshine hours are 3,200 hours and the annual accumulated temperature is above 5300℃. It is the lowest inland basin in China. Except for the two rows of low mountains in the east-west direction, Huoyan Mountain in the north and Jueluotag Mountain in the south. It is an oasis with a unique warm temperate arid desert climate and a continental desert climate. The spring, autumn and winter are short, and the summer is long and hot, especially in spring. The temperature is rapid and unstable, dry and rainless, and the wind is strong; autumn is high and cool and cool The rapid climate characteristics of the basin with large temperature differences provide the best geographical conditions for the fragrance of melons and fruits.
The Hami Basin, which integrates Tianshan cedar, desert Populus euphratica, Gobi red willow, and oasis white poplar, stands tall like a Great Wall on the north side of the Hami Basin and becomes an important geographic boundary of the basin. The cold air of Siberia makes the climate, ecological environment and natural landscape of the north and south completely different, forming the phenological characteristics of a mountain separated by two worlds: the cool and cool mountain north Barkol Basin is a northern Xinjiang environment; the dry and warm mountain south The Hami Basin is a southern Xinjiang environment; high temperature, long sunshine time, high sand content in the soil, and slightly alkaline characteristics create natural conditions for the sweetness of melons.
Cantaloupe efficacy and role
Cantaloupe is not only sweet but also rich in nutritional value. According to analysis, the dry matter of cantaloupe contains 4.6%-15.8% sugar, 2.6%-67% cellulose, malic acid, pectin substances, vitamins A, B, C, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. And other elements. The iron content is two or three times more than chicken, and 17 times higher than milk. Xinjiang people love to eat cantaloupe and think that eating more melons can cure illness and prolong life. This argument is not unreasonable.
In addition to fresh food, cantaloupe can also be used to make dried melons, preserved melons, and juice. Cantaloupe peeling can use the large fruit peeling machine in the fruit and vegetable peeling machine, which is suitable for food scale processing. Guadix seeds can be used as medicine to treat diseases, and the skin of the goat can promote fat and increase fat.
Cantaloupe seeds can be used as essential oils. They are rich in medicinal, beauty, health care, and physiologically active cantaloupe seeds, which are refined by purely physical and cold pressing methods. The color is golden, the taste is fragrant, and there is a pleasant fruit taste; it fully retains the unique medicinal, beauty, and healthy nutrients in the cantaloupe seeds. With super-strong antioxidant capacity, it is a pure natural essential oil for medicine, beauty, health care and nutrition. It can be widely used in medicine, beauty, health care, nutritious food and other fields.
The vitamin content in cantaloupe meat is not inferior to other fruits. In fresh cantaloupe flesh, the vitamin content is 4 to 7 times more than watermelon, 6 times higher than apples, and 1.3 times higher than apricots. These ingredients are conducive to the work of the human heart and liver and the activities of the intestinal system, promote endocrine and hematopoietic functions, and strengthen the digestive process.
Although cantaloupe is not a summer fruit to cool off the heat, it can effectively prevent people from being sunburnt. Summer ultraviolet rays can penetrate the epidermis to attack the dermis, causing serious damage to the collagen and elastin in the skin so that the skin will suffer from sagging, wrinkles, and the appearance of capillaries in the long run. At the same time, it leads to the deposition of melanin and the formation of new melanin, which darkens the skin and lacks luster, resulting in sunspots that are difficult to eliminate. Cantaloupe is rich in antioxidants, and this antioxidant can effectively enhance the ability of cells to resist sun protection and reduce the formation of skin melanin. In addition, eating half a cantaloupe every day can supplement water-soluble vitamin C and B vitamins, which can ensure that the body maintains the needs of normal metabolism.
Cantaloupe can prevent some diseases well, and the potassium content of cantaloupe is the highest. Potassium is very beneficial to the body. Potassium can protect the body. It can also maintain a normal heart rate and blood pressure. It can effectively prevent coronary heart disease. At the same time, potassium can prevent muscle cramps, allowing the body to recover from damage as soon as possible.