Written by Maggie
Mar 03 2021
Eyelash Begonia, also known as Begonia bowerae, is originally from Brazil in South America and has been introduced in our country. Eyelash Begonia is a shrub with slender stems and elliptic-lanceolate leaves with silvery-white spots.
The eyelash begonia flowers are white and green. It is a kind of beautiful flower with a long flowering period, many designs and colors and rich changes.
|Common Names||Eyelash Begonia|
|Mature Size||60-100cm tall|
|Soil Type||Loose, good drainage|
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) is a small shrub, much-branched. The stem is relatively thin, 60 ~ 100 cm high, the new branch green, the old branch purplish brown, the apex of the branch drooping. Leaves are elliptic-lanceolate, the surface is bright green, shiny, there are numerous silvery-white spots. The flowers are green and white.
The commonly cultivated species are B. presiden-Carnot: the whole plant has a smooth stem and nodes resembling Bamboo nodes. Leaves are alternate, oblong and oblique, surface green, with many small spots, leaf back, and petiole are dark red.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) is a temperate type that likes scattered light and wet conditions and is not very cold resistant. The soil should be loose and well-drained.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) likes very much scattered light and wet conditions, not very cold.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) requires loose, well-drained soil.
Water frequently during the growing season and keep the soil moist. In winter, when the room temperature is lower than 15℃, watering should be strictly controlled, or instead of watering with spray. The optimum temperature for Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) growth is 18 ~ 21℃, and too high temperature is easy to cause coke leaf.
High temperature season, pay attention to the surrounding air humidity, to spray 2 ~ 3 times a day.
During the growing period, compound fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium can be applied once a month, or thin liquid fertilizer can be applied once a week.
At ordinary times to carry out appropriate pruning, in order to maintain a beautiful plant posture and good ventilation permeability.
Potting and repotting: Use either a peat-based mixture or a combination of equal parts of soil-based potting mixture and coarse leaf mould. Put a shallow layer of clay-pot fragments or other drainage material in the bottom of the pot for extra drainage.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) is a rhizomatous begonia and has shallow roots, therefore is best planted in shallow pots or pans. Move small plants into the next size of pot or pan only when the rhizome has grown across the entire surface of the potting mixture; do this preferably in spring. Discard aging rhizomatous begonia bowerae in favour of attractive new plants.
When potting or repotting a Begonia bowerae (Begonia bowerae), simply sprinkle some mixture around the roots and tap the container briskly to settle the potting mixture. Do not firm it down with the finger as this procedure may damage the roots and stems.
The overwintering temperature should not be lower than 8 °C. In winter Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) should be placed in the shed in the morning and evening visible sunlight, stop fertilizer control water, available and room temperature close to the water rinsing a leaf every other week.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) usually propagated by seeding or cuttings, but you can also breed by branching.
1. Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) sowing propagation can be carried out in early spring. The mature seeds are sown in the breeding pot, filled with humus soil, and kept at about 16℃ and a certain humidity to take root.When the seedlings have 2 ~ 3 true leaves, they can be transplanted to the pot.
2. Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) cutting propagation in spring is the best effect. The top shoots of the Eyelash Begonia are selected as cuttings, about 10 ~ 15 cm long, and inserted into the culture sand bed.Spray sand bed every day, generally 2 ~ 3 weeks after insertion can root.
3. Clustered varieties of Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) can also be propagated by division .Divide the root system into several clusters, avoid damaging the root system, and then plant them in pots.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) is distributed in provinces south of the Yangtze River, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Liaoning, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Yunnan and so on. Eyelash Begonia is cultivated in Kunming.
Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) on the wet mountain wall, on the dense forest and rock by the valley stream, on the rock by the valley and in the valley forest, 100-1100 meters above sea level.
The low, long-flowered Eyelash Begonia (Begonia bowerae) is used to lay out flower beds and lawn edges. 2. Potted Eyelash Begonia is used more often; Ornament living room, window or used for family balcony, windowsill, coffee table decoration.It is not only used in courtyard, flower bed and other outdoor cultivation, but also for indoor family desk, tea table, desk and shop window decoration. And Eyelash Begonia stems and leaves also have good medicinal and edible value.