Written by Maggie
Dec 23 2021
Baby Sun Rose, scientific name Mesembryanthemum cordifolium, formerly known as Aptenia cordifolia, its leaves are thick and green. Baby Sun Rose is an evergreen and rapidly growing succulent, usually short-lived perennial, 250 mm tall. The fleshy stems of Baby Sun Rose are quadrate or rounded, 600 mm long and grow flat.
Baby Sun Rose blooms on the top of the branches, the color is rose-red; Flowery period continues from spring to autumn, can appreciate flowers and can view leaves already. It is one of the excellent potted flowers that decorates the sitting room, window sill.
Baby Sun Rose is a perennial evergreen vine fleshy herb. Branches are about 20 cm long, (there are longer leaves opposite), fleshy, bright green. Branches have edges and corners, elongate after a semi-porcine shape. The branches of baby sun rose blossom at the top and branch out after the flowers. The Flower is deep rose red, the center is light yellow, the shape is like chrysanthemum, the petal is narrow, has a luster, and from spring to autumn it opens successively.
Baby Sun Rose is an evergreen perennial herb. Stems are decumbent, diffuse, 30-60 cm long, branched, slightly fleshy, glabrous, with small granular protuberances. Leaves are opposite, leaves cord-ovate, flattened, 1 -- 2 cm long, ca. 1 cm wide, apically acute or obtuse with a convex tip, base rounded, entire; Petiole of Baby Sun Rose is 3-6 mm long. Flowers are singly terminal or axillary, ca. 1 cm in diam. Pedicels 1.2 cm long; Calyx is 8 mm long, lobes 4,2 large, obconic, 2 small, linear, persistent; Petals of Baby Sun Rose are numerous, reddish-purple, spatulate, ca. 1 cm long; Stamens numerous; Ovary is inferior, 4-loculed, style absent, stigma 4-lobed. The capsule is fleshy, stellate 4-valved;
|Botanical/Scientific Names||Mesembryanthemum cordifolium, aptenia cordifolia|
|Common Names||Baby Sun Rose|
|Native Area||South Africa|
|Plant Type||Succulent, ampel, perennial evergreen vine|
|Bloom Time||Spring to autumn|
|Flower Color||Rose red|
|Lighting Requirements||Bright but indirect light|
|Soil Care||Soil with good air permeability and drainage|
|Propagation||Usually cutting propagation|
|Poisonous||Heartleaf Ice plant is not toxic, but the sap is mildly irritating. It's best to keep kids and pets away.|
The genus aptenia belongs to the Mesembryanthemaceae or vygie family. The family name is derived from the Greek word, mesembria, meaning midday, and anthemom, meaning flower, referring to the flowers that open in the afternoon (noon).
The genus name, Aptenia N.E.Brown, is derived from the Greek word, apten, meaning wingless, and refers to the wingless seed. The species name, cordifolia is derived from the in Latin words, cordi, meaning heart, and folium, meaning leaf.
This genus is endemic to South Africa and consists of four species, Aptenia geniculiflora, A. haeckeliana and A. lancifolia. They all occur in the summer rainfall regions of South Africa. Aptenia geniculiflorais is an erect deciduous perennial with 4-angled branches. Baby Sun Rose bears white to pale yellow flowers and occurs on dry flats in scrambling bush found in Namibia to Eastern Cape.
Es indigenous to southern and eastern South Africa, although it is naturalized in many parts of the world. There Baby sun rose grows in shady and humid places, generally under trees. Curiously, while there is a small plant, in cultivation, by giving it a large amount of water and sun, Baby sun rose becomes a huge and very invasive plant in a short time, capable of covering entire areas.
Baby Sun Rose likes sunshine, suitable for a dry and ventilated environment. Avoid high temperature wet, like good drainage of sandy soil. Baby Sun Rose is not cold resistant, and the suitable temperature for growth is 15 ~ 25 degrees Celsius. Baby Sun Rose does not have high requirements for fat and water. Generally, the growth period of Baby sun rose is from March to September, during which the water demand is large.
After September, the Baby sun rose will enter the slow growth period. At this time, it is necessary to gradually reduce the amount of watering to prepare for moving indoors for winter.
Baby Sun Rose is propagated by cuttings in spring and autumn, which is easy to survive. The propagation of Baby Sun Rose is very simple. Generally, cuttings are adopted: cut off a mature branch, hang it for a moment, and then insert it into the prepared pot soil, put it in a cool and ventilated place, keep the soil slightly moist. After a few days, you can see the branches stand up, which means that new branches have begun to take root.
Read More: How to Propagate Baby Sun Rose from Cuttings
Baby Sun Rose is used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory, as a dressing (poultice) and deodorant. The Baby Sun Rose plant is also used as a love and good luck charm. Zulu medicinal uses include making a mild enema for babies; the black powder is used for vaccination and against witchcraft (sorcery). Burnt stems and leaves are applied to aching joints.
Baby Sun Rose is used as an ornamental plant and on dry slopes or steep embankments to hold the soil. It requires little care and thrives in the hottest, sunniest, full sun areas in your garden.
If you need a succulent groundcover for an open, exposed area, aptenia cordifolia makes an excellent choice. As an added benefit, it provides very good erosion control. The rambling growth habits make Baby Sun Rose a lovely choice for your rock garden or tumbling over a rock wall. This salt-tolerant heartleaf Baby Sun Rose does well on roadside embankments, terraced slopes, and in seaside gardens.
Aptenia Cordifolia- is a perennial succulent having as common names: Baby Sun Rose, Heart-leaf ice plant or Dew plant.
Aptenia geniculiflora-Aptenia geniculiflora or White-flowered Aptenia is a flowering succulent plant belonging to the Aizoaceae family. This persistent sub-shrub has tetragonal branches with subcylindrical, pale-green leaves.
Aptenia lancifolia- named also Lance-leaved Ice Plant or Purple Aptenia, is a perennial succulent sub-shrub that occurs in the Northern Cape.
Aptenia haeckeliana- called commonly Yellow Sun rose, is a succulent flowering plant native to South AfricAptenia This Aptenia species has 4-angled stems and flat, lanceolate, olive-green to yellowish leaves.
Baby Sun Rose can be very invasive, and when climbing it can cover other plants and kill them. Also, many branches try to climb and fall flat, which is not very aesthetic. This can be solved in several ways:
If we have it in a pot, something interesting that can be done is to put a plant with vertical growth that stays green in winter, and an Baby Sun Rose. We place this pot on a pedestal and let the Aptenia grow as a hanging plant. A very beautiful effect is achieved, especially when it is filled with pink flowers. In tropical climates it will always be beautiful, but in frosty climates all the hanging branches will dry up during the winter.
In any case, it is advisable to have it in full sun and without small plants or rocks in between, so that it grows as flat as possible. In this way we avoid the branches that cross and bend and we achieve a much more orderly and beautiful appearance.