Written by Maggie
Jan 22 2021
Many people will grow Watermelon peperomia at homes. Today, we will introduce how to grow and care for Watermelon peperomia from 6 aspects including soil care, water care, Humodoty care, light care, temperature care and fertilizer care for Watermelon peperomia.
Watermelon peperomia needs to be planted in loose, fertile, well-drained soil and does not grow well in clay. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia, the basin soil should be used after mixing leaf rot soil with coarse sand or cinder ash.
During the growing season, the soil in the pot should be kept moist, but there should be no water in the pot. Otherwise, the roots and leaves will rot easily, and even the whole plant will die. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia in summer and dry season, water should be sprayed on the leaf surface 2-3 times a day to improve the air humidity and promote the formation of leaf markings. Fear of both drought and waterlogging, drought will wilt, yellow, and even death; Waterlogging may cause root rot. To keep the basin soil slightly wet, it can also be in the basin soil surface dry water, if the temperature is slightly lower in winter, you should control watering, let the basin soil dry and wet alternately.
Watermelon peperomia needs higher air humidity. In addition to the normal watering, also water to the plant. If conditions permit, it is best to sprinkle water in the growing environment for humidification. Leaves grow abnormally in dry conditions.
Because Watermelon peperomia is more resistant to shade, so usually should be placed in the room bright scattered light, to avoid direct light. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia in the spring and autumn two seasons, it should be moved to outdoor ventilation and a little sunshine conservation. Watermelon peperomia likes half shade or scattered light, only in winter can there be full sun maintenance, summer must shade 50%, otherwise it is easy to burn the blade. But it is too shaded, the leaves are dull, grayish green, and the markings are not obvious.
Watermelon peperomia can neither stand cold nor heat, and the optimum temperature for growth is 20~30℃. When the temperature exceeds 30℃ and below 15℃, the watermelon peperomia growth slows down. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia, the lowest temperature in winter can not be lower than 10℃, otherwise it is vulnerable to freezing. There are even physiological diseases.
Usually, we need to apply 1 times a month thin cake fertilizer water or compound fertilizer, nitrogen fertilizer can not be too much. Lack of phosphate fertilizer will easily cause the disappearance of leaf markings, reducing the ornamental effect. To be applied with balanced fertilizer, not only nitrogen fertilizer, otherwise it will cause "watermelon" stripes are not obvious, the ornamental value is greatly reduced. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia, it is better to use thin liquid fertilizer irrigation basin soil, too thick fertilizer easy to cause plant necrosis.
Any plant is at risk of infection. If a Watermelon peperomia is planted, how to care for it? Watermelon peperomia disease is common to leaf spot disease, which can be controlled by spraying carbendazim and bitarbide. The main insect pests are a red spider, scale insect, spray special killing agent, such as dichloroacetyl, nisolon to prevent red spider, kill phosphorus, chlorpyrifos to prevent scale insect. When we grow and care for Watermelon peperomia, attention should be paid to the disinfection of cultivation sites, pots and soil. Root neck rot and scab damage, spray Bordeaux liquid can control the spread of disease.