Written by Maggie
Jan 25 2021
Lilac is a perennial shrub or small tree of the genus Lilac. Widely distributed in the subtropics to the northern hemisphere cold temperate regions, in China from northern Yunnan to Shaanxi and Gansu provinces and other places have wild species distribution. Lilac is a long domesticated dwarf that can be grown as a potted plant on a home balcony. Today, we will talk about growing Lilac care.
Lilac does not require much soil and can grow normally in garden soil. When we grow and care for Lilac, in order to avoid soil hardening, most friends will add leaf rot soil, pine needles, slag or perlite in the garden soil to improve the soil structure, enhance the permeability of the basin soil water retention. This is conducive to the root development of Lilac.
Lilac likes the sun and grows well under sufficient light conditions. It is slightly tolerant to shade. It grows weakly in the shade or half shade, and grows poorly. To ensure good viewing, it is recommended that you plant Lilac in an environment that can receive long periods of sunlight.
Lilac requirements for temperature are not high, in the winter in north China deciduous dormancy, germination temperature recovery time again next year, generally can tolerate 5 degrees below zero cold in winter, summer temperature over 35 degrees when clove growth is restrained. This potted clove is unfavorable in where sunlight can direct, should be timely transferred to be direct sunlight bright place, through this period of half a period. The growth of ground planted Lilac was little affected due to its well-developed root system.
When we grow and care for Lilac generally in vigorous growth, it can be applied every two weeks to diluted liquid fertilizer, to plant growth to provide sufficient nutrition. Fertilizer should be thin fertilizer applied frequently, avoid hypertrophic burning seedlings. When we grow and care for Lilac, attention should be paid to pruning, shaping the plant type at the same time to ensure that the permeability, to avoid too luxuriant branches, cover each other.
The disease and insect pest with Lilac common has bacteria or the disease of fungal sex, wait like leaf blight disease, wilting disease, still have the disease that virus causes additionally. General diseases occur in the summer high temperature and high humidity period. When we grow and care for Lilac, ensure that the plant surrounding the environment is transparent, can largely avoid the occurrence of disease, disease as long as the right medicine after the occurrence of disease, can soon recover. The common insect pests are caterpillars, moths, leaf cutters and large wasps, scale insects, etc. These pests can be effectively killed with the use of common, low-toxicity drugs.
The pruning of Lilac is carried out before spring sprout generally, basically cut off fine weak branch, pass dense branch, dead branch and sick branch, and reasonable reserve had updated branch. When we grow and care for Lilac, after the flower is withered, if there is no seed left, the residual flower and the lower 2 buds of the flower spike can be cut off, while thinning part of the densely packed branches in the chamber, which is good for ventilation and light transmission and beautiful tree shape, and is good for promoting the germination of new branches and flower buds. When we grow and care for Lilac, after deciduous leaves can be diseased and insect branches, dead branches, fine branches cut, and cross branches, long branches, overlapping branches, over dense branches to undertake appropriate short cuts, so that branches are evenly distributed, maintain the crown round, and facilitate the next year of growth and flowering.