Written by Maggie
Jan 08 2021
Peruvian lily is a perennial herb of the Peruvian Lily and Lycoris family. It is originally from Chile and is 60 ~ 120 cm high. The flowers looked like cuckoos or daffodils, and the stems and leaves looked like lilies. Leaves are numerous, leaf blade lanceolate, short stalk or sessile. Umbel, flowers are 10 to 30, perianth pieces orange, water red, etc., an inner wheel with purple or red stripes and spots. Flowering from June to August.
Peruvian Lily is a perennial evergreen herb, up to 6 meters from 2-3 meters. Its bark is gray and black with purple. Branches are slender, often about tortuous, hairless, often longitudinal lines, light brown.
Peruvian lily leaves oblong to elliptic, thickly leathery, long (8 -) 12-14 to 15 cm, 3.5 4.5 cm wide, apex long caudate acuminate, pointed tail 1-1.5 cm long, base obtuse or cuneate, margin serrate, glabrous, densely covered with brown spots or sparse spots on the back, midrib recess at the surface, in the bulge on the back, lateral veins 5-8 pairs since the midrib, together with the net veins on both sides; The petiole stout, 5-6 mm long, glabrous.
Racemes of Peruvian lily are axillary, 5-7 (-9) cm long, sparsely flowered, rachis pubescent; Pedicels are 5 mm long, sparse to 8 mm, pilose; Bracts are ovate, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., acute, ciliate; Peruvian lily has 2 bracteoles, opposite or sub opposite, attached below middle of the pedicel, ovate, ca. 1 mm long. The calyx is 5-lobed, lobes ovate-triangular, ca. 2 mm, glabrous or sparsely ciliate; The corolla white, ovate-altar-shaped, mouth contracted, 5-lobed, outside glabrous; Peruvian lily has 10 stamens, filaments ca. 1 mm long, lower part wide, hairy, apical of each chamber with 2 awns; The ovary is densely white tomentose, style stout, stigma irregular 4-lobed.
Berrylike capsules globose, ca. 7 mm in diam., black or purplish-black; The seeds are small.
The flowering period of Peruvian Lily is from May to July, and the fruiting period is from August to October.
Peruvian Lily prefers warm, moist and sunny environments. In summer it needs to be cool, afraid of heat, resistant to half shade, not cold. The suitable temperature for the growth of Peruvian Lily is 15 ~ 25℃, and the optimal temperature for Flower bud differentiation is 20 ~ 22℃. If the temperature is kept at 20℃ for a long time, flower buds will continue to form and bloom annually. If the temperature exceeds 25℃, the nutrient growth is vigorous, but not flower bud differentiation. A hardy variety that can tolerate temperatures as low as -10 ° C in winter and bloom at 9 ° C or lower.
Sowing, dividing plants and tissue culture are commonly used for propagation.
Sow propagation; It is better to sow in spring and autumn with 50 ~ 60 seeds per gram and the suitable temperature for germination is 16 ~ 18℃. The germination rate was 80% ~ 85% in 14 ~ 28 days after sowing. Transplant when the seedlings are four to five centimeters tall. Generally, Peruvian Lily is sown in autumn and flowers in the next summer, while spring seedlings bloom in autumn.
Plant division propagation: usually in the autumn, when the adult plants flower, the above-ground stem and leaves wither, into a dormant state, the underground tuber carefully dugout, as little as possible to hurt the tuber, after cutting potted, each tuber needs to retain 2 ~ 3 buds. They bloom in summer and autumn.
Tissue culture propagation: The terminal buds were often used as explants. After routine disinfection and sterilization, they were inoculated on MS medium supplemented with 5 mg/l 6-benzyl amino adenine and 1 mg/l naphthalene acetic acid. After 2 months of culture, adventitious buds were formed and then transferred to 1/2 MS medium supplemented with 1 ml naphthalene acetic acid.
Potted Peruvian Lily commonly used 12 to 15 cm pots. Potted in the middle of October, planting depth of 3 ~ 5 cm, after planting pouring permeable, 30 days after the growth of leaf bud. At this time, the daytime temperature does not exceed 25℃, and the evening temperature is 7 ~ 10℃. If more than 12℃, easy to make the stem weak. High nitrogen fertilizer "You "28-14-14 was applied every half month during the growing period. After winter, the new bud grows rapidly, the stem and leaf are densely grown, which affects the growth of flower buds at the base. It is necessary to thin leaves, remove the fine leaf buds, and retain the strong flower buds, so as to achieve the purpose of plant short and more flowers.
Peruvian lily often suffers root rot damage, and we can use 65% Dexin Zinc WP 600 times liquid spray. Insect pest has Aphid to harm flower branch, with 40% happy Fruit milk oil 2000 borrow liquid spray kill.
Peruvian Lily is a beautiful flower with beautiful flowering, suitable for potted ornamental. In addition, Peruvian Lily is also a good cut flower, suitable for cut flower appreciation.