Hemerocallis citrina (citron daylily) profile

Written by admin

Sep 11 2021

Hemerocallis citrina (citron daylily) profile

Hemerocallis citrina, also known as citron daylily, is a Liliaceae, perennial herb, with a "view for flowers, food for vegetables, use for medicine" reputation. Hemerocallis citrina carotene content is no less than carrots, meat fat, flower fragrance, high nutritional value, is a famous alkaline food. Fried meat with Hemerocallis citrina is one of Northeast China's home-cooked dishes, also can be played brine, shabu.

Hemerocallis citrina picture

Hemerocallis citrina

Hemerocallis citrina info

Botanical Name Hemerocallis citrina
Common Names Bcitron daylily
Plant Type Asphodelaceae
Size 3.00 to 4.00 feet wide, 1.50 to 2.00 feet high
Bloom time summer
Sun Full sun to part shade
Flower color Lemon yellow
Native Range China, eastern Asia

Morphological characteristics of Hemerocallis citrina

Hemerocallis citrina is generally tall; Roots are subfleshy, often fusiform in middle and lower parts. Leaves are 7-20, 50-130 cm long, 6-25 mm wide. Scape of varying length, generally slightly longer than leaves, base triangulate, upper more cylindrical, branched; Bracts of hemerocallis citrina are lanceolate, to 3 -- 10 cm long below, tapering from bottom to upward, 3 -- 6 mm wide; Pedicels are shorter, usually less than 1 cm long; Hemerocallis citrina has many flowers, up to more than 100 flowers; Perianth is yellowish, sometimes with a blackish purple tip in bud; The perianth tube is 3-5 cm long, the perianth lobes (6-)7-12 cm long, the inner three lobes 2-3 cm wide. Capsule obtuse trigonal elliptic, 3-5 cm long. Seeds of more than 20, black, angulate, from flowering to seed maturity of about 40-60 days.  

Ecological habits of Hemerocallis citrina

Hemerocallis citrina is a positive plants. Hemerocallis citrina is pleasant to be born on a dry hillside, wasteland, dry grass, field-side roadside.

China, eastern Asia

The distribution area of Hemerocallis citrina

Hemerocallis citrina mainly distributed in Hunan Shaodong County (the township of the yellow flower), Hunan Qidong County, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Zhejiang and other places and the eastern part of the northeast.

Hemerocallis citrina main use


Modern Chinese and foreign scholars have further discovered the medicinal value of Hemerocallis citrina, such as Japanese scholars called daylilies "healthy brain vegetables": China's "nutrition journal" has been evaluated daylilies, has significantly reduced the role of animal serum cholesterol. People know that the increase of cholesterol is one of the important factors leading to senile diseases and body decline, can fight to age and taste delicious, nutritious vegetables are not much, and day lollies are just the opposite with these characteristics on the contrary.


The tender leaves of the golden needle are also eaten, known as "jasper bamboo shoots", but there are not many on the market, which is a rare treasure. Regular consumption of Hemerocallis Citrina can clear lung heat, soften liver qi, and prevent children from nosebleeds caused by dry heat. And Hemerocallis citrina can replenish blood, hematopoiesis, strengthen visceral function, healthy people really should eat more.

China, eastern Asia