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Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 22 2021

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) profile

Hedychium coronarium (common name: Kahili ginger, Kahila garland-lily or ginger lily) is a perennial herb of the genus Zingiberaceae. Hedychium coronarium was originally a hybrid variety, and two different flower and color types of materials were isolated from the planting results.

Hedychium coronarium picture

Hedychium coronarium

Morphological characteristics of Hedychium coronarium

Rhizome

Hedychium coronarium (Kahili ginger) has leaves shaped like edible ginger and stands about 1.5 meters tall. Underground rhizomes are developed, transverse creeping growth, stout, light yellow like edible ginger.

Leaf

Leaf blade of Hedychium coronarium (Kahili ginger) is green, entire, smooth, long elliptic-lanceolate, 40cm long, 5 -- 6cm wide, apex caudate-acuminate, base taperate; Petiole is short, leaf sheaths green. The initial flowering period is in spring, the flowering period is in full bloom from summer to autumn, and the amount of flowers decreases sharply in winter.

Flowers

Spikes of Kahili ginger are terminal, bracts green, ovate or obovate, apex rounded or acuminate, usually bearing 3 to 5 small flowers in each bract. The floret is dense, the petals 3, the edge is light yellow, the heart is golden, the style is elongated and exposed; Each plant can have up to 80 florets in succession, and the flowering period on the plant can last for more than a month.

The ecological habits of Hedychium coronarium

The results of Hedychium coronarium (Kahili ginger) experiment showed that Hedychium coronarium was suitable for the growth of Guangzhou area, and the plant grew vigorously and had strong resistance to adversity except in winter when the growth was slightly inhibited by low temperature. Ginger Lily likes a half sun environment, a little shade is beneficial to growth, fresh cut flowers better quality.

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) can grow at a temperature of 25 ~ 30℃, and can tolerate high temperature in summer and low temperature in winter. When the temperature was lower than 0℃, the leaves were slightly damaged by freezing, but the aboveground part did not wither.

How to grow and care for Hedychium coronarium

Size and growth

The Kahili ginger is a tall, slim plant, frequently accomplishing 4′ ft tall in cultivation. The plant produces thin, brilliant inexperienced stems and banana-shaped leaves.

If the plant receives adequate water, it needs to produce dense foliage. Dividing the plant in the spring additionally affords a way to create greater flowers and thicker growth.

Flowering  

Kahili ginger is a later summer time bloomer. The yellow plant life has a tendency to show up in late summer time or early fall, springing to lifestyles in giant clusters.

The plant life has lengthy purple stamens and produces a strong, aromatic aroma. The yellow petals are thin, drooping round the stamens.

Light and temperature

Kahili Ginger lilies develop excellent in USDA hardiness zones eight to eleven In cooler regions, it’s fantastic grown indoors in a greenhouse or enclosed vicinity as it requires plenty of humidity and heat temperatures.

While it likes partial colour with plenty of light, full solar can motive the leaves to flip yellow.

If the leaves are no longer green, go it to a shadier location.

Daily misting is endorsed when the air is dry, mainly when the plant is stored indoors.

Kahili ginger wants a heat climate and shouldn’t be left exterior in temperatures beneath 68° stages Fahrenheit at some point of the summer.

In the winter, it can live to tell the tale outside in temperatures down to 54° stages Fahrenheit.

Watering and fertilizer

Plenty of water and excessive humidity are wanted all through the summer season months when the plant is flowering.

If the climate is hot and sunny, it frequently wishes for more humidity and water.

During the winter, it wants a whole lot much less water. Keep the soil notably dry after the plants wither and the plant starts off evolving to go dormant.

Fertilizer is advocated at some point of the lively developing season. Feed the plant many times in the course of the summer time and now not at all all through the winter.

Soil and transplanting

Kahili ginger grows satisfactory in wealthy moist soil with appropriate drainage. Combine normal potting soil with peat moss and sand.

When developing the plant in a pot, use a massive container to assist the tall growth. As this plant can stay for many years, occasional repotting is needed.

Repot the plant in the spring earlier than the energetic increase starts.

Maintenance and grooming

Remove the withered stems and leaves in the course of the year as needed.

NOTE: If you develop Heliconia plant life efficiently you must have no hassle with ginger lily care as it is very similar. Also take a look at our Hedychium coronarium and Kaempferia plant for greater ginger varieties.

Hedychium coronarium

How to Propagate Hedychium Gardneranum

Propagate the hedychium ginger lily via division in the spring when transplanting the plant. Remove the plant from its pot and cautiously use a stick to loosen the soil.

Separate the root structures into two or three equal-sized parts. The roots are frequently hard to get rid of by way of hand. Carefully reduce them aside the usage of a sharp knife.

Trim the withered leaves and then plant every part in its personal pot.

Use widespread potting soil with a little peat moss and sand. Water the flora fully and preserve in a shaded area.

Disease control of Hedychium coronarium

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) is coarse and fast growing, with strong adaptability, good resistance to adversity, and strong ability to resist diseases and insects. The main production hazards include borers (coricularis) drilling into the heart, moth twill bite young leaves, mole crickets harm underground tubers, etc. Generally in the early flowering period of May, June vulnerable to the bore borers damage. Adult insect lays eggs at leaf axil or plant top, after hatching drill eats into and harm heart ministry, cause plant top to wither and die, cannot blossom or break Flower branch, affect yield and quality seriously. In prevention and control to prevent, pay attention to observation, in advance of spraying, catch in the adult insect egg-laying period, larva early spraying. It can be used trichlorfon 800 times liquid or batan 1000 times liquid, lesbon 1500 times liquid spray control, continuous spraying more than three times can achieve good control effect.

Distribution area of Hedychium coronarium

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) is suitable for growth in Guangzhou area.

The use of Hedychium coronarium

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) is a new cut flower with golden color, remote fragrance and green leaves. The harvest period of cut flowers is more than 5 months. The first year of planting can yield up to 12,000 branches per acre, and the next year as high as 20,000. It is a promising cut flower variety. Hedychium Coronarium (ginger lily) has a blooming period of 5 ~ 7 days, with bright colors and fresh and elegant fragrance, which makes people feel more relaxed and happy. Its flowers are edible, and it is a kind of new green healthy edible vegetable. Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) is not only used as cut flowers, but also in gardens. For example, it can be planted in pieces or in strips, or in clusters along the road, in courtyards, by streams, or among rockery. When it blossoms, it looks like a group of beautiful butterflies, dancing and competing for fragrance and beauty; when it has no flowers, it is lush and green.

Hedychium coronarium (ginger lily) was originally a hybrid variety, and two different flower and color types of materials were isolated from the planting results. Its color is golden, fragrance is remote, leaf color is green, actually is a new fresh cut flower. The harvest period of cut flowers is more than 5 months. The first year of planting can yield up to 12,000 branches per acre, and the next year as high as 20,000. It is a promising cut flower variety. Hedychium Coronarium has a blooming period of 5 ~ 7 days, with bright colors and fresh and elegant fragrance, which makes people feel more relaxed and happy.Its flowers are edible, and it is a kind of new green healthy edible vegetable. Hedychium coronarium can be used not only as cut flowers, but also in gardens. For example, it can be grown in pieces, or in strips, or in clusters along the road, in courtyards, by streams, or among rockery. When it blossoms, it looks like a group of beautiful butterflies, dancing and competing for fragrance and beauty, and when it has no flowers, it is lush and green.

Hedychium coronarium