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Eggplant (Solanum melongena) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 15 2021

Eggplant (Solanum melongena) profile

Eggplant, scientific name Solanum melongena, is an annual herb. Stems are erect, purple, light purple or green, ca. 30cm tall.Leaves simple alternate. Flowers are solitary or fascicled, corolla purple, ca. 1.8cm in diameter. Berry is ovoid, smooth and shiny rind.  

Eggplant picture

Eggplant

Morphological characteristics of eggplant

Although the Eggplant is distributed in some parts of Europe and America, its ancestral home is China. Spanish invaders brought the Eggplant to Europe and America and made it settle down abroad.

Eggplant: A perennial plant cultivated in the United States for its delicious egg-shaped fruit.

Ecological habits of eggplant

Eggplant is temperature-loving and not cold resistant. It requires rich soil with a deep soil layer, strong water retention and PH5.8 ~ 7.3.

The flowering season of eggplants is summer.

The growing methods of eggplant

The suitable temperature for germination was 28 ~ 32℃. The plant was settled in April and irrigated fully after planting. Top dressing once a month, should pay attention to ventilation and light.The main diseases and insect pests are bacterial wilt, mites and so on.

Eggplant likes warm and humid, and is not drought-resistant. It should be watered twice early and late in the growing season. In high temperature and drought, Eggplant should be watered 2 to 3 times a day. Summer water at noon, want to make water temperature and soil temperature close just won't hurt the root, should be baked in water in advance for use. Pay attention to drainage during the rainy season. Gold and silver eggplant good fertilizer, in addition to the application of sufficient base fertilizer, usually thin fertilizer frequently applied, apply thin fertilizer every day is just as well. Adequate fertilizer and water to make the plant robust, green leaves, flowers like brocade, fruitful.

Eggplant

Disease control of eggplant

Eggplants are often poorly ventilated and often infested due to dense leaves. The main insect pest is red spider, can water amine mixed with water 500 times spray kill.

The distribution of eggplants

Although the Eggplant is distributed in some parts of Europe and America, its ancestral home is China. The Spanish invaders in China brought the Eggplant to Europe and America and made it settle down abroad.

The Fruit of Eggplant is shaped like birds' eggs and tastes delicious.

The use of Eggplant in gardens

Eggplant fruit small and bright, suitable for pot ornamental or Garden growing.

Eggplant