Written by Maggie
Mar 17 2021
Blood lily (Haemanthus multiflorus) is a perennial herbaceous bulbous flower of Lycoris Blood lily. The "brothers" commonly seen in China are Haemanthus albiflorsu and Haemanthus Katharine, which are of high ornamental value.
Blood Lily has flat globular bulbs. With the rise of temperature at the end of spring, the leaves are drawn from the short stem at the upper part of the bulb in a stripe shape. When the leaf blade reaches 4-5 then spathe, the style has the light green spathe below. Globular umbel terminal, there are dozens to hundreds of inflorescences above the composition of bright red flowers, stamens longer than perianth, anthers yellow, look radiate like a ball. Blood lily only blooms once a year, and the flowering period is in spring. A Flower bulb lasts only about 10 days. After the flowers fade, it bears round berries.
Blood lily is originally from the tropics. It likes the warm, humid and semi-cloudy environments, and is afraid of heat and cold. Blood lily is introduced and cultivated in China for ornamental use.
Blood Lily is a perennial herbaceous flower with bulbous roots. The bulb is spherical with a diameter of 4-7 cm. The bulb is large and oblate. Blood lily has 3-4 leaves, oblong, 15-30 cm long, main veins with 6-8 longitudinal veins on each side, transverse veinlets are closely arranged and oblique; Petiole is short, sheathlike, leaves broadly lanceolate, petiole base extended below the sheathlike.
Blood lily flower stems are erect, solid first leaves extracted, slightly flattened, 30-90 cm tall, first leaves extracted, light green or with red spots; Umbels are multiflowered, densely arranged, 7 -- 15 cm in diam. Flowers are red; Umbels are terminal; The flowers are small, up to 30 to 100, mostly blood red.
Perianth tube is cylindric, 6-12 mm long, perianth lobes linear, ca. 2 times as long as perianth tube; Filaments are red, extending beyond perianth, anthers yellow. Berry is globular bright red.
Blood lily likes a warm, moist and semi-cloudy environment, and likes sandy loam soil with good drainage. Blood lily has drought resistance, not cold resistance, Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and other places are not open to winter, winter bulb into the dormant period must be cultivated indoors. The suitable temperature for the growing period is 20 ~ 30℃, and the overwintering temperature should be kept above 5℃. The soil should be loose, fertile and well-drained.
(1) Blood lily likes warm and moist, and its suitable growth temperature is 16~21℃, and it is afraid of direct sunlight. Sandy loam is the best culture soil for Blood lily.
(2) In the spring when the pot needs to apply sufficient base fertilizer, waiting for bulb germination unearthed before topdressing.
(3) The scape should be strengthened after the appearance of light, usually, to keep the potting soil moist, rainy days do not make the pot water, in order to prevent rotting roots and rotten bulbs.
(4) The winter leaves wither, bulbs dormant in the soil for the winter, without watering and fertilization.
(5) Separate the ball on the cue ball in spring, dry and then later in the growing season, it is better to dry, apply compound fertilizer once every 2 weeks, to promote large flowers, colorful, long flowering period.
Blood Lily usually propagates by dividing the ball and sowing seeds.
When changing the pot in the spring, the boy ball around the cue ball can be separated from the dividing plant; Bulbs of Blood lily are usually propagated once every 2 ~ 3 years due to poor ability of bulb formation.
After 50 ~ 60 days after the flower, the seed of Blood lily is picked when the seed is mature, and the seed is planted along with the harvest. The pot is used for sowing. After sowing, the seedlings germinate for about 15 days. Spring is the planting period, a multi-purpose pot, can also be planted. In spring, the big balls were planted separately, the big balls were used for flowering, and the small balls were cultivated and grew up. Covering soil to avoid deep-buried, bulb germination, watering to moderate, can not let the basin water. Growing season every 10 days fertilization 1 time, summer light is too strong, put half shade conservation. At the beginning of autumn and winter, the leaf begins to wither and yellow, the bulb enters a dormant period, should gradually stop watering, keep the soil dry and dig out the bulb to store indoors.
The soil should not be too wet during the growth period of Blood lily, otherwise, nematodes are likely to occur in the bulb and lead to bulb decay. Before planting, bulbs can be disinfected by soaking them in 0.5% formalin solution for 3 hours, and subterranean slugs can be killed by spraying them with 3% lime water.
Some species of Blood lily have common names, such as Natal Paintbrush, Catherine Wheel, Giant Paintbrush and African Blood Lily.
Blood lily is originally from tropical Africa. It can be found wild only in Yunnan in China. It is suitable for indoor cultivation in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River.
Blood Lily has bright colors, such as red, white and bright red. Dense flowers, such as balls, are common indoor potted ornamental open flowers. Outdoor clusters in the south are arranged in pieces, and the flowering landscape has a unique style. Blood Lily has bulbs, but it is not a lily. It has been born as a summer flower, but it also prefers the intense warmth and humidity of the south. You can certainly imagine African humans with their hair in small curls. So you can imagine what Blood Lily looks like. Blood lily is suitable for potted ornamental, Garden ornament beautification.
Blood lily is suitable for indoor cultivation in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River. Its flowers are large and colorful, and its ornamental effect is excellent. It can also be used as cut flower material.
The bulb of Blood lily has little poison but also has a medicinal function, can reduce swelling and relieve pain.