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Babys tears (Soleirolia soleirolii) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 15 2021

Babys tears (Soleirolia soleirolii) profile

Baby's Tears is a creeping perennial with small, bright green leaves, ideal for a pot flower background. In a frost-free climate, it remains green all year round.

Baby's tears picture

Baby's Tears

Baby's tears info

Botanical Name Soleirolia soleirolii
Common Names Baby tears, baby's tears, angel's tears
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial, often grown as an annual
Sun Outdoors, part sun; indoors, bright filtered light
Hardiness Zones 9 to 11 (USDA); grown as an annual elsewhere
Flower color Creamy ivory
Native Area Corsica, western Mediterranean
Mature size 4 inches tall; spread of 36 inches or more

The morphological characteristics of baby's tears

Stems

Baby's tears are perennial Herbs with stolons. Stems are fleshy, slender, slightly enlarged in the middle, 25-70 cm high, 2-4 mm thick, glabrous, sparse pubescent on the upper part, densely streaked cystolith.

Leaf

Baby 's tears leaf is paper, with the recent large, such as narrow ovate, lanceolate or ovate, oval 4-11 cm long, 1.5 4.5 cm wide, apex caudate acuminate or acuminate, base rounded, rare broadly cuneate, margin from the bottom to serrate, apex and light rare heavy blade, the dark green, glossy, light green, below the stalactite body bar, 0.5 0.6 mm long, the two sides, obviously, basal veins 3, its two arc curved side out, stretch up to the upper and lateral veins, lateral veins 8 and 13 pairs, slightly oblique exhibition show net vein; Petiole of Baby 's tears is  slender, 17 cm long, often glabrous, rare pubescent; Stipules are large, greenish, oblong, 8-12 mm long, glabrescent.

Flowers

The Baby's Tears flowers are dioecious; Male inflorescences cymes racemose, 2-5 cm long, with a few branches, cymbose clusters sparsely on flowering branches; Female cymes are shorter and denser. Male flowers are pedunculate or subsessile, ca. 1 mm in bud length; Tepals are greenish yellow, 4-lobed, ovate-oblong, apex acute, outside near apex with short hornlike protuberances; Baby 's tears has 4 stamens, anthers white or pinkish, filaments and connective red; Pistils are small, conical.

Fruit

Baby's tears Achene is small, oval, skew tip, nearly 0.8 mm long, ripe green brown, there are obvious spiny small warts. Persistent perianth segments 3-lobed, equal-large, ovate-oblong, apex obtuse, ca. 1/3 as long as fruit. A few specimens of this species from zhejiang, fujian and sichuan, and a few specimens from eastern and southern sichuan, have short hairs on stems, petioles and back veins, which is a morphological change of this species.

The ecological habits of baby's tears

Baby 's tears in & gt;8.5 mu mol, m. - s. - 1 ~ 2 & lt; It can grow under the light condition of 299.0μmol·m-2·s-1(425 ~ 14 9501X, Rh33%-69%, temperature 15 ~ 25℃).

How to grow and care for baby 's tears

Soil 

A rich soil amended with humus, compost, or manure will increase the nutrients available to baby's tears plants, and will also help to regulate the moisture level for plants. Any commercial potting soil is suitable for growing baby tears as houseplants or in containers.

Light

Baby's Tears is a beautiful leaf indoor flower, very shade tolerant, but love it more

Sufficient light, and should avoid strong direct light. Summer flowerpots are placed in the north window, and winter is placed in the south window. The light is too dark, the color of the leaves will fade;If the sun is too strong, the leaves will burn. 

Water

Grasp the principle of wetting management, keep the basin soil dry but not cracked, moist but not wet is better. Spray water on your foliage regularly in the summer to keep Baby 's tears clean and shiny. Keep the soil moist and do not apply fertilizer when the temperature is high. Winter foliage spray less water, otherwise the foliage will appear black spots, or even black rot. Growing period two weeks or so irrigate a 28 % or 37 % liquid nitrogen fertilizer to make the Baby 's tears robust. After autumn, phosphorus and potash fertilizer were added to strengthen the stalks and prevent lodging.

Trim

Baby's tears resistant to pruning, cutting seedlings on the pot after the heart can be picked 1 times, when the new lateral branches grow to 4 leaves, and then leave 2 leaves to pick the heart, so repeated, can form a multi-branched full hemisphere spherical plant shape. Old Baby 's tears growth over tall, can be in the spring for the pot to leave the base of 2 ~ 3 sections, heavy cut short, hair new branches after picking the heart 2 ~ 3 times, and can form a short and compact plant shape.

Repotting

Growing baby's tears planted in containers is the best strategy for those living in cold climates, as well as those who live in areas where the plants are invasive outdoors. A commercial potting soil lightened with additional peat moss or perlite provides a healthy growing medium for plants.

Baby's tears plants work well in a variety of container situations. In a small hanging basket, the spreading plants can spill attractively over the sides. In a terrarium, the plants can creep to the edges of the glass, hiding all bare soil. In a mixed outdoor planting, place baby tears plants at the edge of the container, in combination with mounding plants like impatiens and tall plants like coleus—plants that thrive in the same light and moisture conditions.

Baby's tears plants grow quickly and need to be repotted regularly. Pot-bound plants are more susceptible to drying out, and you'll notice an increased occurrence of wilting in plants that need to be repotted. Because the stems are so fragile, you must not pull plants out of their containers by the stems or leaves. Turn the pots upside and tap them, squeeze them, or push on the drainage hole with a pencil to coax the plants loose. Repot with commercial potting soil, and water thoroughly.

Temperature and humidity

As an outdoor specimen, the baby's tears plant grows best in temperatures of 50 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The higher the ambient temperature, the more attention the gardener must pay to light and humidity. Baby's tears plants can tolerate a light frost, but freezing temperatures, as sometimes occur in hardiness zone 9, may kill the top growth of the plant. Be patient; it will come back from the roots in this transitional climate.

Baby's tears plants appreciate a high humidity level. This makes them ideal for a steamy bathroom or kitchen. In drier environments, the plants appreciate the humid confines of a terrarium.

Babys tears

The baby's tears propagation

The propagation of Baby's Tears is mainly carried out by cuttings in spring and autumn. In spring, the tip of the stem is used as a spike, and river sand or vermiculite is used as the medium. Roots will grow in about 10 days under appropriate temperature conditions (20℃ to 25℃). When the new buds have grown 3 to 5 centimeters, pot them with sandy soil. Pour enough fixed root water, into the normal management.

Disease control of baby's tears

Baby's Tears is a common leaf spot hazard, which can be prevented by spraying 200 times Bordeaux liquid. The basin soil is too wet, easy to produce root rot, and can be irrigated with 1000 times of Torbujin liquid. The nodular nematode was found, which could be controlled by 3% carbofuran. Have scale insect harm, use 40% oxidized diethoate 1000 times liquid spray kill. The beetle bites the leaf, can kill artificially or spray 1000 times liquid with trichlorfon.

Baby's breath varieties

The standard green species of baby's tears is most common in the trade. However, there are two color variants available, including 'Aurea' with golden foliage, and 'Variegata' with white stippling. The green color is dominant across all varieties, and you must prune away any green stems in the gold and variegated types to prevent them from reverting to solid green.

The distribution of baby's tears

Baby's Tears is native to tropical to subtropical Corsica and Sardinia.

Baby's Tears was born in valleys, streams or wet places under the forest, at an altitude of 300-1500 meters. Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Sichuan, S Gansu, S Shaanxi, S Henan, S Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian and Taiwan.

Baby's Tears are distributed in Japan and Vietnam.

Used with all herbal medicines, Baby's Tears has the effect of clearing away heat, reducing dampness, activating fluid and quenching thirst, and repelling yellow and protecting the liver.

According to the Chinese Materia Medica, the medicinal nicknames of the Flower include water hemp leaf (Sichuan), soil licorice, goat's blood, white goat, sweet grass, etc.May summer, autumn harvest, fresh use or drying.

The Garden use of baby's tears

Baby's tears is a popular small foliage plant grown for ornamental purposes. It has lovely green stems and can be used as ground cover. Shade-resistant, can be used as indoor greening materials. With the ability to absorb toxic substances, suitable for growing in newly decorated rooms. But the application is not as good as the same ornamental species flower leaf cold water flowers.

Baby's Tears are adaptable, easy to breed, easy to keep, small and elegant plant clusters, clear green and white leaves, beautiful patterns. The furnishings are elegant and pleasant in the study and bedroom. Baby 's tears also can be suspended at the window, green leaves hang down, charming and lovely. Inflorescences from leaf axils, pedicels light brown, translucent, top birth cyme, for people to watch.

Babys tears