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African lily (Agapanthus africanus) profile

Written by Maggie

Mar 18 2021

African lily (Agapanthus africanus) profile

African lily (Agapanthus africanus), also called lily of the Nile, is a plant of the genus African lily in the family Lycoris. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, subleathery; Flower stems are erect, up to 60 cm tall; Umbel, with 10 to 50 funnel-shaped flowers, dark blue or white, anthers first yellow, then black; African lily likes warm, moist and full of sunshine. The relatively dormant winter basin soil should be kept slightly dry; The overwintering temperature should not be lower than 8℃. The north needs greenhouses for winter.  

African Lily picture

African lily

Morphological characteristics of African lily

African lily is a perennial herb. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, subleathery; Flower stems are erect, up to 60 cm tall; Umbel, with 10 to 50 funnel-shaped, dark blue or white flowers, anthers first yellow, then black.

The ecological habits of the African lily

African Lily prefers warm, moist and sunny environments. It is required to be cool in summer and warm in winter. If the winter soil moisture is high and the temperature exceeds 25℃, the stem and leaves will grow vigorously and hinder dormancy, which will directly affect the normal flowering of the next year.

Light also has a certain effect on growth and flowering. Avoid long direct exposure to strong light in summer. Cultivation in winter needs sufficient sunlight. The soil should be loose and fertile sandy loam with a pH of 5.5 ~ 6.5. Water accumulation should be avoided.

How to grow and care for African lily

1. Soil care

African Lily needs loose soil, so the soil will be loose and fertile sandy loam with a pH of 5.5 ~ 6.5. Generally, the basin soil can be mixed with 2 parts of decayed manure soil, 6 parts of leaf rot soil and 2 parts of sandy soil.

2. Sunshine care

African Lily is a flower plant that likes light. It can get a moderate amount of direct sunlight, but not too long of direct sunlight. When curing African Lily, flower friends are advised to place African Lily in front of a window sill with bright light, good ventilation and no direct glare. In addition, strong light should be avoided for a long time in summer, and sufficient sunlight should be needed for winter cultivation.

3. Watering care

Water the African lily at the level of moisture, dry as wet as wet. It is especially important in summer, so you must water it with sufficient water, and you can spray water around the African lily plant to increase humidity and cool down. Winter should pay attention to control watering, keep the basin soil slightly wet, and can not be watered more.

4. Temperature care

African Lily likes warmth and is not cold tolerant.It is generally cool in summer and warm in winter. If the winter soil moisture is high and the temperature exceeds 25℃, the stem and leaves will grow vigorously and hinder dormancy, which will directly affect the normal flowering of the next year.

5. Fertilization care

African Lily is a flower plant that prefers fertilizer. Generally, application of topdressing should be started when the leaves of African Lily grow to 5-6 cm long. In general, application of decaying cake fertilizer should be applied once every half a month, and once every 20 days after flowering.

The day before fertilizing African Lily, water should be stopped once to collect water from the basin soil. After fertilizing, the leaves should be sprayed with clear water. It is better to alternately use manure, cake fertilizer and chemical compound fertilizer, once every 10-15 days.

In order to make the seedling blossom early, African Lily should be given sufficient fertilizer and water.

How African Lily propagates

African Lily is commonly used for propagation by dividing and seeding.

Division propagation

Separate the over-dense old plants, and 2-3 clusters per pot is appropriate. Flowering two years after dividing. If dividing in autumn, flowering can also occur in the following year.

Seed propagation

Sow, about 15 days after sowing germination, seedling growth is slow, needed to cultivate 4 to 5 years before flowering.

African lily

Disease control of African lily

Leaf spot

Common leaf spot harm, can use 70% methyl tobutine WP 1000 times liquid spray prevention and control.

Lupus disease

Leaves, pedicels, petals and bulb scales of African Lily can be affected by the disease.Leaves and pedicels infected, become curved or deformed, showing red raised spots; The petals and corm scales also show brown spots after infection and become soft and sunk in the late stage.The heavily damaged pedicels affect flowering. The pathogen is a kind of fungus, and can also harm the bulb flower stem such as daffodil, Manjusri orchid.

To prevent and cure this disease, when watering to prevent water drops in the leaf. Come on when gush 1 time 600 times hundred bacterium clear water fluid, the effect is better.

Species taxonomy of African lily

African Lily has dark green and bright leaves, blue and purple flowers, but also white, purple, large flowers and variegated leaves.

The distribution region of African lily

African Lily is originally from South Africa and is widely cultivated throughout China.

The landscape use of African lily

African lily flowers in summer, beautiful flowers, suitable for potted indoor ornamental, in the south of the semi-shady cultivation, as a rock Garden and flower path ornament plant.

African lily