Mother in Law Plant Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Oct 12 2021

Mother in Law Plant Care & Propagation Guide
The Mother in Law Plant (sansevieria trifasciata) is a very popular residence plant that originates from West Africa. Mother in Law Plant goes by means of names such as viper's bowstring hemp, Saint George's sword, or snake plant, however do not confuse it with the nassauvia serpens. This stunning evergreen has long, stiff, vertical leaves that are darkish inexperienced with putting light-green bands.

Mother in Law Plant Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Dracaena trifasciata
Common Name Snake plant or mother-in-law
Varieties Sansevieria Ballyi,Sansevieria patens, Sansevieria Cleopatra, Sansevieria eillensis Chahin, Sansevieria masoniana f. variegata, Sansevieria cyldindrica
Uses Purifying the air
Origin Native to tropical West Africa from Nigeria east to the Congo
Light Care Ample sunlight
Soil Care Free draining soil
Temperature Care Fine of approximately 60-75°F (15-24°C) and no lower than 50°F (10°C)
Humidity Care Around 40% relative humidity
Watering Watered once every two weeks
Pruning Care It is best to do this when the plant is actively growing, ideally in spring or early summer.
Fertilizer Care A 20-20-20 fertilizer mixed in a watering container
Toxic Saponins are the toxic component in the mother-in-law's tongue plant

Mother in Law Plant Care in Detail

Mother in Law Plant Care & Propagation Guide

Mother in Law Plant Watering

Sansevieria can be planted bare-root in water! Find a great glass vessel, fill with water (preferably spring or rain water), get rid of the plant from its pot, shake off any extra soil and vicinity in the glass vessel. Feed with proper balanced liquid fertilizer, as normal, however cast off any unsightly, fertilizer-brackish water after a few days.
Yellow leaves and leaves that are gentle at their base are a signal of overwatering. Allow the soil to dry out earlier than resuming watering and wipe any residual water off the leaves with a cloth.
Sunken Lesions or Reddish-brown spots are an indication of a fungal infection. Remove any contaminated leaves and pay a little extra interest to the plant care. Treat with topical natural fungicide.
Water the soil only, taking care now not to get any water on the leaves or the centre of the rosette of leaves. This can purpose rot. During Summer, enable the pinnacle 2.5cm of soil to dry out between waterings and in Winter, water simply ample to hold the soil from drying out. Overwatering is the fundamental purpose of death. If in doubt, do not water.

Mother in Law Plant Soil

Mother in Law Plant decide on a loose, well-drained potting mix. This plant will do nicely in sandier soils. Pick a potting media low in peat. Peat works properly in many situations, however it can emerge as tightly packed and now and again has issues rehydrating or draining. An all-purpose cactus potting soil is a right choice.
Mother in Law Plant choose to be saved on the dry aspect so the combine they're planted in should drain freely. You do not favor it to keep too an awful lot moisture due to the fact this will lead to root rot.
That's why I add in the succulent and cactus combine due to the fact it is chunky and nicely aerated.
I additionally toss in a few handfuls of natural compost as I'm planting (I go a great deal lighter on each this and the worm compost when repotting houseplants as in contrast to container plant life in my garden) and a 1/2″ layer topping of the worm compost.
The pinnacle 4 are what I used for my mix. Compost, potting soil, succulent & cactus mix, & worm compost. The backside three are substances you can add to amend drainage & aeration to potting soil: perlite, clay pebbles, & pumice.
The pumice, perlite, and clay pebbles all up the ante on the drainage factor, allow aeration, and assist to stop the soil from staying too wet.

Mother in Law Plant light

Mother in Law Plant is nicely recognised for coping with direct solar and low mild conditions, though vivid mild stipulations with some solar mild and color is preferred.
Mother in Law Plant (also recognized as snake plant) is a flowering species which is specially grown for it is slick sword like lengthy leaves. This is a gradual developing plant that all and sundry can develop due to the fact of it is low and excessive solar mild tolerance and ease of watering.

Mother in Law Plant Temperature

They're very drought tolerant and can put up with months of no water, however will shortly go through if allowed to sit down in sodden and completely damp conditions. Water wishes will range between plants, however as a primary rule we generally water most of our plant life as soon as each two weeks. In very heat temperatures this will increase to as soon as a week. Less in Winter when it is cooler.
Even even though these are loopy hard and hardy flora they will hostilities with very bloodless Winter temperatures. If the soil is dry it will live on barring difficulty down to 5°C (41°F). Wet soils at this temperature notably expand the probabilities of leaves rotting away so be careful.
To get a desirable stage of new boom and to make certain your plant is happy, it will want temperatures between 18°C (65°F) - 27°C (80°F).

Mother in Law Plant Humidity

Average room (around 40% relative humidity). Mother in Law Plant's tongue will tolerate dry air, however preserve it away from air vents or drafts.
Over the years, the snake plant has gotten extra names such as “bowstring hemp” and the humorous “Mother in Law Plant's tongue.” Sansevieria are recognised for their sturdiness and aptness to continue to exist in substantially harsh conditions. These features make them incredible residence and workplace plants. They require minimal watering, low mild and do now not require excessive humidity levels. However, like each and every plant, there are particular approaches to care for these plant life to preserve them thriving as an alternative than simply surviving. Read on to locate out how to take the first-class care of your snake plant.

Mother in Law Plant Fertilizer

Growing sturdy and healthful houseplants frequently requires shut manage over light, temperature and fertilizer. However, Mother in Law Plant are pretty forgiving in this regard as in contrast to many other indoor plants. Expert plant growers and novices respect these low-maintenance habits of Sansevieria. But, Mother in Law Plant nonetheless require feeding from time to time. Here are some of the motives why your snake plant wishes fertilizer.
Plants want vitamins to develop their leaves, roots, and produce flowers. Mother in Law Plant requires a true balanced fertilizer to make sure speedy growth. Ultimately, it additionally has to do with kind and vitamins in the soil.
The three essential macronutrients that are current in most fertilizers are, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Their genuine ratio (the N-P-K ratio) is the share of every of these vitamins in the fertilizer. This ratio is extraordinary for distinctive plant businesses such as flowering plants, vegetable vegetation etc. It additionally varies relying on the reason to use a fertilizer. For Mother in Law Plant, a fertilizer formulated for cacti and succulent houseplants works good. You can additionally seem for a generic balanced houseplant fertilizer. Balanced ration ability equal quantities of N-P-K. In case of Mother in Law Plant specifically, discover a 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 power fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the packaging for guidelines on how and how lots to use.

Mother in Law Plant Pruning

Sometimes the pointers of leaves will flip brown or whole leaves will die. If this happens, all you want to do is reduce the leaf of proper at the soil floor to dispose of it completely. There's no factor in reducing section of a leaf as it will no longer develop again from the reduce point.
Mother in Law Plant are notoriously hardy and pretty gradual growing, so will probably tolerate pruning very nicely at any time of year. However, to supply your plant the excellent threat of thriving after pruning, it is first-rate to do this when the plant is actively growing, ideally in spring or early summer.
Pruning does put a snake plant underneath stress, so if your snake plant is in bad health, it is higher to enhance popular care measures first, inspire some new wholesome growth, and then prune your snake plant, to promote fast recovery.

Mother in Law Plant Repotting

The fantastic time to do this repotting is in the late iciness or very early spring. This places the transplant in the course of the time of 12 months that the plant's now not in lively boom mode.
But if needed, it can be carried out at any time of year. You'll recognize it is time when roots begin creeping via the drainage holes of your pot. Plastic pots can also begin to bulge a bit. When watering, it's going to appear as although all the water is coming straight through, and none staying in the soil.
Grasp the base of the plant to help it and gently flip it over. Take a appear – do you see roots spreading out the backside of the pot? Does the plant show up to be stuck, or does it slide out with ease? If it is stuck, it is genuinely time to get it in something a bit extra roomy.
While the Mother in Law Plant's tongue likes to be a bit rootbound, it would not do nicely when all it really is left in the pot are roots. So when it reaches that point, or if one of the different symptoms appear, you will comprehend it is time to get it done!
You can additionally propagate Mother in Law Plant if you'll like via division whilst you are repotting. We'll speak extra about that in addition onward.

Mother in Law Plant Pest & Disease Control

Mother in Law Plant are very effortless to grow, making them a favourite houseplant for many, such as these that are not extraordinarily adept at retaining flowers alive. I've written a information to developing and caring for Mother in Law Plant that covers the entirety you want to get started.
Regardless of how inexperienced your thumb is, sadly the following can nonetheless have an effect on your plants.

Root Rot

The most usually viewed trouble with Mother in Law Plant is root rot, brought about with the aid of overwatering, specially in the iciness months. The roots then die again due to lack of oxygen or the overgrowth of a soil fungus. Soggy soils inspire the boom and multiplication of Pythium, Phytophthora, Rhizoctonia, or Fusarium fungi which spreads into the roots, infecting plants. Healthy roots start to flip brown and smooth as they perish, unable to take in vitamins wished for growth.


Visible on the roots first inflicting them to flip brown and smooth — traditional signs and symptoms of rot. As root rot progresses leaves flip yellow, wilt, or hunch and then emerge as gentle as well. Once signs and symptoms are seen in the leaves the hassle may also be previous the factor of rectifying, endangering the complete plant.


Repot the plant, if caught quickly enough. Remove as lots of the contaminated soil as feasible including in fresh, easy potting soil. You can add a root remedy containing really useful mycorrhizal species, or dirt the wholesome roots with sulfur powder to assist forestall reinfection. Beneficial mycorrhizae create a adversarial surroundings for undesirable micro organism and fungi; sulfur acidifies the soil, making some vitamins much less handy and limiting the meals supply for the pathogens that motive root rot.

Mother in Law Plant Propagation

Mother in Law Plant Leaf Propagation

Depending on the place you come from, the frequent title can vary! The genus, Sansevieria, is the botanical title so this is the ordinary general name.
It genuinely is incredible easy to root Sansevieria in water. The system is as follows:
Choose a wholesome leaf, however now not one that is too old.
Cut the leaf off with a sharp pair of scissors.
Allow the leaf cuttings to take a seat for a couple days to let the reduce scab or callous over.
Place in water and wait.
Cut the leaf off the plant with sharp, ideally sterilized scissors. You can use a single leaf, or even reduce the leaf into sections.
Each area will in reality develop child plants! So from a single leaf, you can get a couple of plants.
Aim to have leaf segments that are at least 2-3 inches or so (5-7.5 cm). Or you can use the entire leaf.

Mother in Law Plant Division Propagation

The Mother in Law Plant tongue plant rises from thick, under-the-soil organs known as rhizomes. These residence the strength for leaf and stem growth. Pull the plant from its pot and use sharp shears or a hand noticed to reduce the base aside into sections. Usually simply reduce it in 1/2 except the plant is definitely historical and has hundreds of rhizomes. A desirable rule of thumb is at least three rhizomes plus one healthful leaf per new plant. Plant every new area in clean potting medium.
As you can see in the photograph above, on the right, you can see that I reduce one leaf in half. You can NOT flip the leaf segments upside-down or they will no longer root.
Place the entire leaves, or leaf segments, in a glass or jar with at least an inch of water or so.
If you use a glass that is narrower at the bottom, it can maintain the leaf in region so that the backside of every leaf does not relaxation at the backside of the glass.
You can additionally use small orchid clips or hair clips to preserve the leaves up securely to propagation vessel however so they're now not resting at the backside on the glass.
This will enable room for the roots to grow. The roots will develop anyway, however this is a little better.

Mother in Law Plant Propagation in Water

Choose a container tall ample to maintain the leaf. Select a healthful leaf that is now not too historical and use clean, sharp shears to reduce it off. Put the reduce stop of the leaf in simply sufficient water to cowl the backside quarter of tissue. Place the container in an oblique mild state of affairs and trade the water each couple of days. Soon you will see little roots. Plant the rooted leaf in sand or peat moss and observe common snake plant care.
This technique is genuinely no exceptional than the water method, however it skips a step. Let the reduce leaf callus over for a day or two, then insert the reduce stop into gently moist sand in a container. Wait a couple of weeks and the plant will root on its own.

Mother in Law Plant Varieties

1. Sansevieria Trifasciata 'Black Gold' (Viper's Bowstring Hemp)

The 'Black Gold' sansevieria (viper's bowstring hemp) is a famous kind of perennial snake plant cultivar that has darkish inexperienced leaves and a placing golden-yellow edge. This viper's bowstring hemp plant has stiff fibrous leaves of develop tall, giving the plant a awesome glossy look.

2. Sansevieria Trifasciata 'Futura Robusta'

This kind of 'Mother in Law Plant's tongue' is an evergreen sansevieria that has grayish-green leaves in striped patterns. The shorter sword-shaped leaves develop in a dense clump and are recognized by using their twisted growth. Unlike most different sansevieria trifasciata varieties, the 'Future Robusta' solely reaches heights of round 24” (60 cm).

3. Sansevieria Trifasciata 'Golden Hahnii'

Another dwarf range of sansevieria is the 'Golden Hahnii,' once in a while additionally known as the Bird's Nest' sansevieria. The broad tapered leaves of this snake plant range have inexperienced and mild inexperienced striped markings strolling horizontally. As the leaves grow, they structure clusters and grow to be leafy funnels. Looking at the 'Golden Hahnii' from above, you will be aware a rosette sample to its shape.

4. Sansevieria Trifasciata 'Futura Superba'

The sansevieria trifasciata 'Futura Superba' in reality lives up to its title of superb. This variegated cultivar appears like a smaller model of the 'Black Gold' snake plant with vibrant inexperienced leaves and golden yellow edging. One of the variations between this trifasciata species and the 'Black Gold' one is that its leaves are shorter and wider. The brightly coloured inexperienced variegated leaves of this Mother in Law Plant's tongue develop straight and tall.

5. Sansevieria Trifasciata 'Laurentii'

One of the tallest types of sansevieria trifasciata is the 'Laurentii' cultivar. This snake plant has tall stylish variegated yellow and inexperienced leaves. The grayish-green leaves have stripy patterns alongside their length. The yellow band jogging the size of the 'snake' leaves offers fashion and magnificence to this sansevieria variety.
Expect this striped snake plant to develop to between two and four ft. (60 – a hundred and twenty cm) tall. This strong kind of leafy plant grows properly in most conditions. Due to its tall-growing nature, it is a exact kind of tropical houseplant to location in corners the place some top is needed.

Mother in Law Plant Benefits

One of the important advantages of developing a snake plant (sansevieria) indoors is its capability to filter sure toxins from the air. The gain of developing Sansevieria laurentii (Mother in Law's Tongue) is that it reduces the tiers of the toxins Trichloroethylene (TCE), Benzene, and Formaldehyde. This advantage used to be stated in a find out about performed by way of NASA.
In this article, you will analyze about many sorts of flowers in the Sansevieria genus. The descriptions and pics of these sansevierias will help to become aware of the person species and locate out about their frequent names. At the quit of the article you will examine how to care for Mother in Law Plant.

Mother in Law Plant Care FAQs

Can Mother in Law Plants in regulation tongue plant stay outside?

Yes, Mother in Law Plants in regulation tongue plant can stay outside. As a common rule, Mother in Law Plant (bowstring hemp) choose 70° levels Fahrenheit or greater however can't deal with temperatures under 55° degrees.
They can tolerate average family humidity stages and cope with comparable degrees exterior however will additionally be ok in average humidity.
Place them in a spot it truly is free of unexpected airflow, as Mother in Law Plant's tongue would not like drafts.
These flora are endorsed for USDA hardiness zones 10 to 12, the place they shall thrive year-round.
However, you can additionally develop them as out of doors container vegetation in cooler zones, bringing them interior throughout the iciness months when the temperature threatens to drop beneath 55° levels Fahrenheit.
Keep in idea that all Mother in Law Plant are fairly poisonous to pets, children, and many different species.
Additionally, this plant might also be well-behaved in a pot, however it will unfold if given a chance.
Keep an eye out for signs and symptoms that its root gadget is hogging too a whole lot house or of the plant trying to take over the mattress it is planted in and prune accordingly.

Is Mother in Law tongue plant poisonous?

Mother in Law Plants are the toxic element in the Mother in Law Plant's tongue plant. The rupture of pink blood cells comes from extreme gastrointestinal associated recreation of the toxin. Saponins have a foaming motion which leads to the gastrointestinal upset.
The plant includes saponins as herbal insecticides and fungicides.
These saponins are poisonous for residing beings and reason gastronomical reactions such as vomiting or diarrhea in people and animals when ingested.
Moreover, the juices of the plant reason dermatitis, a structure of pores and skin rash or irritation.
Chewing or eating any phase of these vegetation places human beings and animals at the chance of growing a extreme allergic response which outcomes in swelling of the tissues in the oral cavity and esophagus.
Consuming the plant in a huge volume can even flip out to be deadly for your furry friend.

How frequently ought to I water my Mother in Law Plants in regulation tongue plant?

Mother in Law Plant's tongue is a succulent plant with thick, moisture-holding leaves. This built-in watering machine lets in the plant to live on in its native surroundings – dry, rocky areas of the West African tropics. Like all succulents, the snake plant is inclined to root rot in soggy conditions, and droopy snake plant leaves frequently end result when the plant is overwatered. Water the snake plant solely when the pinnacle two or three inches (5-7.5 cm.) of soil is definitely dry, and then water deeply till water runs via the drainage hole. Although prerequisites vary, a plant close to a warmness vent or a sunny window will want water extra frequently. However, many human beings locate that watering each and every two or three weeks is adequate. Water round the interior aspect of the pot to hold the leaves dry, and then permit the pot to drain freely earlier than changing it on the drainage saucer. Don't water once more till the pinnacle of the soil is dry. Water sparingly throughout the iciness months – only when the leaves commence to seem barely wilted. Once a month is typically enough.

How to repot Mother in Law Plants in regulation tongue plant?

Avoiding transplant shock is vital to repot Mother in Law Plants in regulation tongue plant, in particular if you had to trim rotten roots. You do not choose your plant overly confused for a little while.
Normally, snake plant can tolerate full solar conditions. But for at least a month after transplant, decide for vivid however oblique light. This is of much less subject if you transplant in late iciness or early spring when the sunlight's now not super-hot. Summer transplants must virtually be stored out of the solar for a while.
Avoid fertilizing your Mother in Law Plant for at least a month, too. This offers the roots time to re-establish themselves in their space. The final issue you choose to do is reason a fertilizer burn to the roots when they're nevertheless smooth from moving! So supply them some time.
Water when the pinnacle inch of the pot has dried out, however do not overwater. If you maintain a saucer below the pot, drain out any extra standing water in it. Too plenty moisture is unsafe to the roots, as it can promote rot development.